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W. W. FOWLEE, D.Sc, M.A., F.L.8. G. T. POERITT, P.L.S. 

J. J. WALKER, M.A., EN., FX.S. 




I raid Uut " M ihe je^n InTent ; 
£aoh month u Tariou* to pr«geDt 
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T>intstoa—"ne Tao Voitm." 

GUKNET & JACKSON (Me. Vab Vookst'b Sdccebbobs), 

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Bipunjiiiok or Pl*tes .... 




Aduni, F. C, F.Z.8 M, 13B, S96 

ADdram,H. W 71 

Aniotd,a £11,361 

Attlee, H. Q 69 

AoBtra, E. E 67,*re 

Bagnall. H- S., F.\iS 86,136, 163,168 

Bailay, J. H., M.R ai, 90, 207 

Baiik»,K R,H.A., F.E.S 70,71,88 

Itamad, P. H, F.E.9 U 

Buntt,C.a.,juu 117 

Bewe, Prof.T. HodooD, B.SC., P.R.S.E., Ac. 

13, 1», 117, 17S 

B«d<rsU, E. C T.ZS 67, 169, 366, 8TS 

Bigoell, 0, C, F.G.ij 3U 

Billaps, C. R. 186 

Bloomfidd, Her. E. K., H.A., F.E.8 41, 


Brjmlit,G. E. 69,159 

BniT, M„ BJ., F,L.8. 84,186 

CameroD. M., H.B., ILN., F.e.S. 179 

Cappw, 8. J., F.ES, 387 

Cvter, A. E. J ISS 

CbuDpioD, 0. C, FJL8 16, 6S, 88, 161, 

179, 31(^ 324, 33i, 336 

Chipmui, T. A., H.D., F.Z.3. ...IB, lOC^ 189, 

149, 311 

Chittr, A. J., M.A, P.EA 47, 66, 91 

Crawibv. RO' Q- A., M.A. 8, 169, SB3 

CrnttweU, Rst. Cuod C. T., M.A., 

F.EA 809,369 

Dty, F. H., F.E3 90 

DixUnt, W. L., F J.8. 94 

Douirthorpe, K. St. J., ¥.Z3 19, 366 

FteUber, W. H. B., M.A., F.B.S. »6 

FbwIht, R«. CtnOD W. W_ D.80- H.A., 

F.KJ S80 

Gibl»,A. E 117 

Oile*. Lt..CoI. a. U., I.HA 1S9 

Oroau, E. £., F.E.8. S8 

Grimihiw, P. H., F.E.8 178,199,346 

HKwood, B. a MB 

Hwwood, P. H 117 

HolUiid,W «f7 

Jeffrey, W.R. 2SG 

JonM,A. H, F.E5 364 

Joy, N, H., M.R.CJi., FJ^ 18, 18^ M9, 


Knugjs, H. 0, M.D 811 

LannUff, 0. B., M.D., F.ES. 44, 69, 113, 


MuiD, Mn.H. E 10 

Msthew, G, P, R.N, F.L.8 77,183 

Msyrick, E., aA., F.R.a 316 

Horice, Rer. F. D., U.A., F.EjB. 68 

llorley, C, F.E.S. 47,118,314 

S. W. ., 

Uortimer, C. H. 361 

Morton, K. J., FX8. , 1,83,146 

NennMO, K a, F.E.8. 81,83 

Nowb«ry,E.A. 69,98,116,103,879 

Ponitt, U. T, FJ.3. 47, 811, 336 

Rentir, Prof. O. U 04 

RoUo,D. 158 

Rotluchild, Hon. N. C, UJl., F.L&..60, 188, 


RowIflDil-BrowD, H., M.A., F.E.8...88, 49, 70, 

98, 133, 146,18)^804, 383 


Saunders, E., P.[t.S. 213, S13,X 

8h«p, D., MJl., M.B., F.IUJ 111:1.271 

ShHTi, W. E., P.E.8 87,98.8 

Sopp, S. J. U, F.E^ *e, 46, 142, 166 

T^flor.J. K 27, *8, 267, S80 

Tbani.ll, A 2flO 

Tomlia, J. H. le It., M.A., F.E.3. 20, 87, «». 
lU, 166, 236, Ssa 

Tuni«r, a. j^ v.EM. aa, 71, as, 123, iia, 

166, lee, 237, 284 

Vemll, a. U., F.E.8 SO, til, 108, 1S7, 

laB, S47, 27a 
W«inirright, C. J., F.BA 48, 72, 141, 1B9 

Walkcr.J.J., M.A,. II.N., F.L.8. .136,180, 
Waldnglum, Kl.Hon. Lord, H.A., LL.D., 

P.K.8 87,18* 

Walerhouw, E. A 28* 

Watsrhoaae, a. A., FXS. 13 

Wwcl.*, W., F.RJf.B 887 

Whit«ker,G.8 SK 

Willwn,T. D 860 

Wood, J. H.. M.B 6 

Wood, RsT. Theodora, F.E3 .- 380 


AbrsiiB groaaulariata Tar. Tsrleymts, at Uuddenfl«ld ... — .. ... 211 

Acrognatliua mandibularia, Q-jIN, Ik., near Wohiog 161 

Algeria, OdODala rrom ... ... ... ... lU 

Algerian Mioro-LepidopUra 87,12* 

Amare anthobia, Tills, a BriLiah inaecl, 67 j *t Ubatbam, 117 1 oompwed with 

familiari* and lucida, 1G9 ; on the lAniashire eoaat 257 

Aniaotoma, lllig., On the ColeopterouB genua ... ... ... ... ... £57 

AnUotoma fnrra, Br., at Skegn»aa, 93 ; oblonga, Br., Sjnonjmical notes ... 198 

Antipodenn Field Nolee, HI : a sketch of the Gntomologj Sf Sjdoej ... 216, 

Apion aatragali.Pajk., at Oxford, 267; brunnipei. Bob. <=lDTivatnin, Elrby), 

inSafEolk 866 

Aphodiua, III,, Th4 genua, in the lale of Man 90 

Apleeta nebulow, Hnfn., two papainaanie cocoon 71 

Apteropada orbiealota, Manh., and it* food-planU 210 

ArgjTMthia Uluminatella, Zall., in Britun 226 

Atemeles emarginatoa and Claiiger teataoeuB in N. Walea ... 30 

Bari) T-album, Lino., and B. piliitriata, Steph 22* 

Berkahire, Coleoptsn fram... ... ... ... 209 

Blediua femoratu, Oyll., near Wellington Ooliege 280 

Callimjia elegantula, Fall., and Agalbomjia bonella, Zetb., in HerelbrdahiTe.., G 

Ceuthorrkfnohua cocbleurin, Ojll., with A-jointed funioutui ... ... ... 69 

Cimbei oonnata, Schr 81* 

Ctinocaro letratoma, Thoma., in Derbjahire ... 46 

Cnephaaia oommunano, fl.-S., in Surra; 260 

CooddN, Some JsTaneM, with descriptiona of Dew ipaeiei ... ... ... 28 

CffiDonjDipha punphilni, Ifot« on Isrra of 18 

a liiella, Z., ranarkable larral caae 

I, Capturaa of, 280 j Beoent oapturei of, 23G j 


Colaoplcia, Capturaa of, 280 j Beoent oapturei of, 235 j at BuiDOcb, 18 ; in 
Sutheriuidihin and At Aiieniora, lDTemeM.«bira, :i09 g in the Flan- 
nan lalanda, 19 1 at Iring, 20 1 oasual oaptarea in 190*, 67 g in the 
Otford district, 180 ; Mam, 853 ; from Berkibira, 209 t in the New 

Forest, 295 g Three apeoies new Ui Britain... 


CnephMJB oomiDunano, B.-S., in Surrej 860 

Criocephalug ruBticus, Dej., Kiiolher nev Britufa Longicorn 15 

Dernispter&, Dncriptiong ot fire new, 84) Eiolio, wanted ISS 

DiboliHornoglosai, Eocli, FoorJ-plant of 266 

DiahroMinpha flsTidorsana, EnaggB,=^D. queationsna, ZelleT, al Folkeltone... Sll 
Diptera, an addition to the British liit, 227 ; in New Forett, 93 ; in 1034, 71, 

133 ; Tars, in 1903, 72 ; TerminologT of the leg brittiM of 178 

Dipteroiu enemj of English hot-houae grapes, A ... S76 

DoliobopodidB, LUt of British, with t^les »nd notes ... SO, 81, 106, 167, 18S, M9 

Doliehopodidts, two speoios taken in Sootland ... ... ... S79 

Douglas, The late J. W., as a writer on Coooids Ml 

DragOD-fly hunting in Bastem Switaorland 1, M 

Ectropis (lephroaia) oonsonaria, Hb., ab. nigta, dot. ab. 80 

Editorial K 

Blater Mhiops, Lm., of British collectioni SIO 

Emei;genoe, Cnrious dates of ... ... ... ... ... Ill 

Erigone, Two additional British spsoie* of tha Dipterous genua 57 

Epnrea longula, Br., and otber Ifilidutidn in the Darwent Tallej 162 

Baloba, Westwood, On the Heteropterous genus £86 

Eupibhecia eitensaria, Note on ... ... ... ... ... 160 

Flannan Tatands, Coleoptsra in the ... ... ... ... 19 

Flea, A now British, Ceral^phjUus fammi (spso. noT.), with a plate 266 

Formiea fusca, race gagates, in the New Forest 811 

Ssometar from Hong Kong, A new ... ... ... ... 181 

Qnorimos nobilis, L., at Woolwioh ... ... ... 169 

Ojropbnna pulobella, Heer, in Scotland 98 

Harpnlus discoideus, F., and Metisous paradoios at Leighton Buuard, 46 1 

honesttu. Duft., at Strsatley, Birks SC7 

Hastola hjerana, Mill, (with plates). Some obaerTalioDS on ... 100, 189, 14S 

fiemiptara iu Uillsr's Dale, Buiton, and Sherwood FoTMt 87 

Herefordshire, Diptera in 6 

Hertfordshire, Notes on a tight-(rq> in 48 

How inseots fade 118 

Hjdrobius fuscipea, L., Tar. nneus, Sol. ... ... 186 

Hjdroporus bilineatus, Sturm, British form of 66 

HjdrottM, The British speoiea of 846 

Hjmeaopteni, Some Welsh, with note on Oif belus muoronatiu and its prej ; 

also relationship of Osmia laDthomelaiia and Sapjga S61 

Hjmenoptera aad Hemipteni in the Mendipe SIS 

Hjmenoptera Aouleata at Lyme Begis, 81 ; during 1904, 117 ) in the New 

Forest 261 

Jamping beans. The moTementa of 168 

Lesmosthenes complanatos, Dej., in Sbeppej 284 

I^rra of Ooinonjmpha pamphilDi ... 18 

Ledn aurita. Note on 214 

" Lspidoptsra of the British Islands," The late Ur. C. O. BarnU's 117 

■zee .y Google 

Leplotborai tuberum, Nolo on the beliariour of 22 

Leptusa an«lis, Gjll., ic., in TeeBdale. Co. DurimiD 268 

Leucania favifolor, Barrett, Life liiBtorj of, and tutUit on, 77, l(H, 132 ; and 

Epiehnoplerjiretieellft, Newin. in Suffolk 43 

Libelluia fulva at Colohegter iG2 

Lihylhea geoffroji nicoTLllei, Olliff 13 

Limnophilus alegans in the Isle of Man 47 

Lidjoteltii etaotogala, Fieb., at Rjde 47 

IiOOOBla TiridiMima, 4c., Abundance of, at Deal 236 

Longitarsui curtni. All., in Kent 92 

Lophoiia fsaoiata, Mg., in the New Foreit 886 

Ljcana argus, L., »ar. h^poobiona, Ramb., on the North Downe 254 

Ljrmeijlon naiale, Linn., in tha New Foreat 179 

Macroplerous If abJB, &c., at Colcheater 262 

Matachius bamevillei. Put., an addition lo tlie BHtiah Iwt, I.'i i gpinoiot, Br., 

66. 88 I vulneratue, Ab., in Sheppej 234 

Mam Coleoptera, Furtber nolei on 2S2 

Madon cMtaneus, Gray., neat Oxford 138 

Magacronus formoeui, Qc. 278 

Meligethea obeourus, Er., in the lain of Man, with notes on the Bowen it 

frequente 21 

MicrogloaBa, Notes on three specie* of 184 

Myelopbila oribrella on the Kentiib Bag near Aihford 28J 

Nebria gyllenbali. 3oh., The Britiah Tariation of. 280 

Neocljtua erjthroBephalua, F., [n Lancashire 92 

Neuroptsra in Switierland 1,33 

New Forest, Coleoptera in, 235 J Diptera in 71,93,138 

OBlTUAkiBS :— Barrett, C. G., F.E.a., 25 ; Beaumont, Alfred, F.E.S., 95 i 
Bmuer, Prof. F. M., Hon.F.E.S., 73 ; Buckton, Q. B-.F.R-S., 
282 ; Cambndge, Frederick O. Piokard, 97 ; Daltiy, Thoa. 
Wm., M.A., F.L.S., 216 ; Douglaa, J. W.. P.E.S, 221 , 
Fry, Ateiander, 119 I Johnson, W., 237 ; Sausrare, Henri 

L, F. de, Hon. F.E.S., 119 i Walker, Eex. F..D.D 97 

OcladiUB from Ferim, Description of a new speoies 179 

Ocjtua maun, Kr., and O. picina, Aub£ 91 

Odonata collected bj Miss FounCaine in Algeria, with deeoription of a new 

epBCies of lachnu™ 146 

Orcheites Bpanua, Fabr., aa a British inaect, 115 ; in the New Forest ... 20 

Osphja bipunotaCa, F., near Peterborough ... ... ... ... ... 209 

Oijtelus fulvipes, Hr., in Sherwood Forest 279 

Phjtobi us muricatua in Cumberland ^ 

Pocota apiformis, Schrank, at Colchester ... ... 262 

PsetapbuB dresdenais, Hertwt, near London 169 

Psocidfo at Woking 213 

PtinuB piloBus, Boield., Synonifmic note ... ... ... ... 98 

Pulei cheopis, Bothsoh., at Pljmouth 189 

Quedius lantliopus, Er., at Sherwood, 80 ; vartabilis, Heer, an addition to the 

British list, 197 1 iiigrooaroleus, Hej, Be-oocurrenoe of, in Suffolk ... 279 


Rbtiiwb ! " Fraotiol Hint* for tha Kold LepidopUrist, p»ft iii :" bj J. W. 
'I'litc, F.C.S., 73; -"i'lie Hemiptora of Suffolk:" bj CUude 
Morlr;, F.&ii., 1211; " Munograpli of tlie Anoplieles Mos- 
quiUxa ot Itidu :" b; S. P. Jamee, M.U., I.M.S., ai.d W. Qlon 
Lidon, M.D., I. U.S., 122 ; " Queen Kearinein EngUnil, with 
notes on a Scent -producing Organ in the Worker Bee. The 
Honef Bom of India, and Knemieg of the Elonej Bee in 
South Africa :" bj F. W. L. Sladen. F.E.S., 140 ; " B«port 
of Work of the Eiperiinent Station of the Hawaiian Sugar 
Plantan' Awooiation, DJviaion of Entumoiog^. Hulletin i, 
pt. 1. Leaf Hoppen and their natural enemiei (Pt. i. Dry- 
inid») '." bj B. C L. Perkins, 1S5 ; Ditlo, ditto <Pt. iii, 
Stylopide), 2'i3 ; ■' Eiitomologen-Adiirewbuch. The Ento- 
mologitt'i Directory, Annuaire des Entomohigietea ;" W. 
Junk, 237 ; " A Study of the Aquatic Caieoptem and their 
aurroundinga in the Norfolk Broade Diatrict," by Frank 
Balfour Browne, M.A., F.B.S.E.. F.Z.S 

Bhamphoinyia teDuiroatria, Pall., taken in the Hew Foreat 

Bhiiotrogui ocbraoeiu, Enoeb. a good apaciea, 16 ; aolsUtialu, L., Flight of 

Bhopalomesitea tardyi, Curt,, in the lale of Man 

Satyru* aemele. The attitude of, at reat ... ... ... 

Sawfliei, Three new Britiah 

Soenta of the male* of aonie oammon Engliah butterfliea 

ScbiiooenM fnroatui, Till, at Chattenden Boughs 

Scotland, Ooleoptera at Rannoch, 18 ; in SulberUndahire and at Ariemore, 
S09{ Diptera in, 163 1 Lepidoptera in 

Soymnua IJTidui. Bold, & aynonym of S. leetaceua, Moti. 

SiWanui nkercator, FauT,, a species of Coleoptera new to Britain, 37 ; at 
Merton, Surrey ... ... ... ... 

Sooicnu : Birmingham Entomological SocietT, 4S, 141, 164 ; Entomological 
Society of London, 23, 49, 76, 98. 123, 145, iR6, 264, 283 ; 
Lanoaihire and Cheihire Entomological Society, 48, 142, 166 ; 
South London Entomological, &c.. Society, 2;l, 74, 98, 122, 
143, 16B, 186, 237 

Stephanodreu* daayuri, Skuae, and timaoai, *p. n. (with a ptate) 

Strangaliaaurulenta, Fab., in DeTonshire 

Strstionyiidn, Larrsaof the; an appeal 

Suffolk Lepidoptera in 1904,41 ; at Ditoh Ingham, 10 j Leuoania favieolor and 
Bpicbnoptetyi retioetlain 

Switcertand, Nenroptera in... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 

Taohinid, HoU on a 

Taohinidffi, Ifotea on, I 

Tenthrodinidre, Three new Britiah 

Tetropium cMlaneum at Esher, 60 ; ip. f, at LeightOD Buiiard, 223 ; Specie* 
of, that hare been found in Britain 

Tortrii pronubana, Hb., a speeiea new to the BKtiah list, in Sussei 

Triplai bioolor, Oyll., a apeciea of Coleoptera new to the British catalogue, 
86, 136 ; The European spedee of the genus, with notes on the British 

IropideTM sepicola, F., at Colcheiter 

UrostyliiMe, Dr. Bauter on the 

Urostylia inatructiTus, a new specie* of the family Urostylida. . . 

Tanesia antiopa in Kent ... ... ... 

Tespa Tulgaris, A large community of 

Xanthandru* oomtua, Harris, occurring in May ... 
Zsogophon SaTioallis, Uarah., and ita Tarieties ... 




Centopbyllaa fiiraDJ (ap. n.), iSt 

Pnlei cbaopui 

Rtephuiocircai duTori (tp.n.), ain 


Achthonui iratwoodi, iKtieonii* ... 

AcTOgnatfana mudibDlu-ia 

Adellum geniala, porcstDm 


A|r>tbidiam oonTeinm, Ac., 189 ;_ 

AUDofaira brsTipaania, 1 

. 1S9, wa, 9 

13 ; caolcnlonim. 

Amphieyllis glahn* I 

Amphotia intrgiMto ! 

Aniaodaotylaa pcBCiloida 8 

Aniaotomi Klgirira, u^lica, 19S ; Udii, 
ISSj ciliaria, Ac.,36T; cinaimomeB, 
18S, 198; forts, »8 i gnndis, heydBoi, 
lucsiu, oblooga, 198; pnnclalati, 

Aoityi nibeDs 6S 


Anoplodeta saxgnttata -.. ' 

Aothuii nitidnU ' 

AnthBTophigm pallsaa * 

ApWa iljarum 9 

Apbodiiu gnuwriDB, 871 1 Upponam, 68, 

868; liTidna, BTli porcaa, Aa I 

Apion iffloe, 183 ; uianlipa, 80 ; utn- 
g>U, 867 ; brnoDipea, 3SB ; GUnirtre, 
18U; limaTiii,fl8;p>llipea,piibea£eiu, 

unguiDeaTTi, achSabeiri 1' 

Apteroped* arbicaliU 9 

ArthroptCTiu brevia 9 

Atameica flmirginataa ., 

Bagoua gUbriToetria .............. 

BaUniuos bataln . 

Btria pilistriaU, T-albom 

Btmbidinm flnmtila, &«■ 

Bl«diiiafeliiorali«,aSOi talpk .. 

Bolbooeru probotcidiDm 

BntchjUniu nrina 

BrjTHiU vaterboDsei 88 

Brthinns cortiai ISS 

Cillieenii abtcanu, 181 ; rigidicamia, 68, 836 

Callidinm Tariabile, *«. . 8S6 

Carabns gUbralaa 68 

Catops aeriatDS IBl 

Caocapbalut> intern ataa, 848 ; tonuipea ... 868 

CephalodeaDiiiu imiiger 809 

Crathorrhyncbidlai barridoa. 181 ; diw- 

CentborrbjDcbiH coehlearic. 69; birtn- 

liUfSlO; raaadn, Tidonlna 1 

CbBtocnem* aahlbergi 

Cbolengrandieollii, SO; apadion 1 

Chryaomela didjmata, 183; gcsttingenais 1 

Cicindela jpailon, mastenu i 

Cia bilamelUtna '. 

CiiUlaatra i 

ClaTiger tastaceaa 

Cleanna saldroatris 1 


Conopalpui teatateai 11 

Creophilas erytbrocephalm 8; 

Crepidodera Dttidnla 11 

Criocepbalna maticna 

Cryptophagnt populi, 181 ; pabcweni, 

198; ruficomia I 

Cychma roalratna li 

Cyrtotriplai bipnatnlata 81 

Dacne fowUri (ap. n.) V, 

Dendropbilaa paactatnt 1S«, Si 

Dibolia cjnogloeai SI 

Dicrocbile gigae, goryi 81 

DoDacia ihalaaaina, Ac II 

Doreatoma flaiicomta i 

Elater eathiopa, 810; eloagatnlna, 88, 

Iftbroplenia, 236; nigerrinma, 810; 

pomons, 33G; aangaiDoleutai Si 

Elmia Tolkmari i 

Encaphalaa complicana II 

Eniemiu taataceoa, 183 ; brerioomia if 

Epicoamina aoatnlia 8 

Epitrii atropea I 

Eparaa longnU, obsoleta, parrnla, I6>) 


Eryi ater 9 

Eneonnaa dsDticornia 1 


Enplactiu ambi^aa 8i 

Oempylod« tmetnm 2^ 

Geodromicui globnIicollU S( 

Gnathanetu numeteniii 21 

Qnafimu nobilii. IGS, 9 

Onphodana einarau SI 

QjmDOM bre(ico1)i> 31 

GjmphBiu palchelli, 9S ; Hrlctnl* II 

HnrooDU ippendicDlkta If 

Halipliu eonfinii, Tir. pallsDi II 

Harpiliu diteoJdMU, 4S; bonartni 9i 

Halloo oottatai tl 

Helopt eonileiu I 

HapUalHMU nllonia It 

Hololniu uitidnlDi » 

HoiukMoma CTueoia 3t 

HoniHidTti!! Katdlui* 3f 

HemaloU eambricii, SS8i cliTigen, 80 1 
iniccta, ISS ; intarmedii, SO ; Iin- 
Koidi, 188 ; KXpnUrii, 181 : nli- 

diDseoU i 

HTdnabiw pnnetatiuimiu, ■triKiiinu..l83, H 

Hfdnitriin fnidpM, rar. nnens IE 

Hjdniponii bilineatiu, in. hopffgartmi. 

0^ ; icalerinia* 3( 

HTlnioiu oleipnda 1£ 

HrpocTptni nmiDatiim K 

HirpopbliBiii bicolor 08. IE 

Ipa qnadrigntUta U 

Ipupfaea bioolor, mnnxos W 

Iiehuomen ecsralea, UDgQtnieollii 83 

IiBniDpblcriii bimunlitnt, 68 1 moDili*... 37 



imidautDi .. 

LaptDT* Kntollata .. 

Lioaomua OTatols*, >ar. eolbnia ... 

. 188 

LitvBiH bifHciitiu 68,87) 

LoDsitamu afiln, 188 ; eartiu, 98 ; dis- 
tingnaDdiu, 90; OaTicornii, 1B3 1 

bdsatiein, 183 ; Ubidni 80 

I^vtoi bnmiwoa 380 

Ljmieijlon naiale 179 

Microftyriia oblongoi 371 

Halachiai barncrillei, le^ rDfieo11U,S80: 

BpinoMii, S6; viilii«nt(u 38, 3M 

Uautora mattbenBJ 183 

MecynoUrsuB albellm ... 870 

M^on caaUneai ISS 


l« farr 

Magatoma andata ... 

Uelanopbthalraa diatingnenda 

Helanotoa cutantpH 

Helaaiabaprettoidw .. 

Heligelbn cdwcnnu 



Hstbj'phora poatiea 370 

MetOKDi paradoiui 4G 

Miaraa plantamm 188 

Microgloaaa gmtilia, 186; marginalia, 

nidicoli. 184i pnlU ......181,184 

Miacodsra arctica , 08 

Monotoma rnfa, *«. 384 

Mordalla fa-iciaU 188 

Hordslliatena abdominal ia, laUralii 1B8 

Hynnedonia collana 188 

Myatroponina anbecMaloi 388 

Nacerdea mclanure 380 

Ksbrii nrllenbali, and nn. 68.980 

Neoelftui capna. B8 ; erythrocepLaloa ... 38 
NminphMAngiilataa.SSS! eloDgatnlai .. -30 

Octadina walkeri (tp. n.], Cameron 179 

Ocypna psdator 68 

Ocra» manra, pioina 91 

Omoaita depreua .- 183 

Oncomera faniorata 980 

Oothophilaa sukatuB 18! 

OpiloDiolliB 97,936 

Oreheaia micana 379 

Orcbeatea sparma 30,116 

Orobiti* cyanena 199. 3B8 

OrthoohBlei ertigor 189 

Oaphya bipnnctatB 809 

Oirteli«fainnairoi.80; fnlnpM 380 

.. 868 

4-pustiilataa - 189 

Patrobn* aaumilia, 68, 364; atiptentrioniB 68 

Pharopaapbni Torticalia 868 

Philontbiu continni. SO I fneioda 880 

Phyllobroti™ qnadrimaculata 183 

Pbymatopl«riu piceaa 387 


,9 lizeflDy Google 


PbytoMia cjimdrio ISi 

PhylOBiu bslticns, nigri»entri8 23o 

PIttjdemn 4-apilotaiD S6S 

PlatfBtetllut aiteiK S8u 

IM«pho> drendcDitis SO, 1G0 

PijIliodflB hroacjimi 183 

Ptimutectns 93 

Ptonuphila UcbrymiKii !70 

QunliaBl>t«nilia,SO; nigroctsnileQi, 37^ i 
nriabilU, 107 : Tentrtlis, 37 j nn- 

thopoB S) 

ItbagiiiDi indigator ,. IB 

Rhintua adapeniu, 263 ; palreriMBi .. .. 871) 

Rhiiopbigiu ditpsr, ISS; porforatiu IIS 

Rhiiotrofpii ocbncena 16 

Rhopalomaita Urdyi 907 

Rhj^chitss intorpnnoUtns 183 

RhTDOolaa *ter , 19 

Sapriniu iiutnlin. 370; metallieo*, 379 1 

TiMMtDB 181 

SartalloB aigiutaa 870 

ScaTaphitesm>cI«i;i..,. 368 

Scymaoa liiidni, 161 1 malunti 162 

Sdrotrani catennlata 860 

SilTanai mereitor 37,69 

Staph;UDiu Falripu, 18 ; pabeicen* 358 

SUniu Rtratnlaa, drcnltriB, longitania .. 183 

Strangaliiaanilenla.,.. 162 

T«lephanu fipinitai, vtr. aeoticoB 309 

Tatntom* fnngoniiii 46,181 

Tetropinm cuUneam, 60 ; crtWiifanyi (ap. 
n.), rascam, gabrjeli, 871 ; gracili- 
come, 373 1 laridam, 871 ; parcam 

(ap. n.},3T3i f ap 833 

Thilycnt aarieM 101 

Tbrouoi carinifrona .161,183 

TncliTa miDaU, I83i pamJU 181, 183 

Triarthron m&rkdi 161 

Tridliai faaciatoi 19 

Triplai Bnea, 176 ; bjcolor, BS, 136, 178 ; 

lacordflirei 178 

Tropidara aapicola 388 

Tropipbonu eleTBtOB 19 

Trai anstTala>UB,S:Oi ubalosaa IBl 

TrypodaDdroD linsatam 10 

TfcbiDi acbueiden 66 

ZoDKOpbora flaiieollia 33a J 


Acbalcni cinemii flavicollin 178 

Acidia IjrcbnidU 7,139 

Actia frontalU 7,807 

Agatbomyia borvella, 8 ; vjdnella 6 

Allceoiiennis 19S 

Aiiepainnyia flari*autri« 848 

AuthrBi circumdaU 72 

Apbrosyluacelliber, 348; fnroi, raptor .. 860 
Argyra, 83; argjrla, atricepa, canflnia, 

clnogata 8S 

Atherii crmipes, 73. 139 ; iiiarBinata...7I, 13S 

Atylotiu fDlvon ..71,93 

BBtfaycnniuin bicalarellnni 347 

Callimyia dablbomi, 8 ; el(«antala 5 

Calliphora erf throMpbala 175 

CaiupaicneiDua, 193; armataa, curTipea, 
loriprs. magina, 194 ; pectJDDUtiu, 
pictieoTDii, 196 ; pusillui, iCBinbDa ., 194 

CeniplatiH tipalflideB 180 

Cbiloaia bergeDatamini 180 

Clirysocblamji ruBcomia 139 

Chrywlimna concinnna. molliculqs 848 

CbryBotoinm artnatnin, 166) alsgani ... 94 
CbryMilas, 63 1 amplicomia, 55; angaU- 
cornis, 53 ; blepharoacelia, 65 ; dlipw, 
64 1 cupreai, 56 ; feiDDntae, 64 ; gn- 
mineas, 63; Imaun, 63; melampodiiis, 
microceraa, monaehiBtDa, 56; palus- 
tria, 6S : pulcbellaa, 51 ; rariaaa ... 57 

CcslomyU malliaaima 164 

CoDopi ceriiformia, Tuicniaria.., 04 

Crupedotbrii Tinpara 907 

CI«Dopbora aniata 189 

Cyuomyia alpina 138 

I>iapbonu ryanocepbalna, daraalia, 8 1 ; 
baltvralia, 83; hoffmanaesgii, nisri- 
CSDS, ocolatua, tripilaa, 81 ; winthanii 88 
Didea aineti, 78 ; Aiciata, ialennedia ... 04 

DolicbopodidEB £0,81,108,137,188,347 

Daliabopna argyrotania, 370 ; clatipw ... 164 
DtoiopbiU ampelaphila, malaDogaitar ... 376 

Ectomaa alpinua 196 

ErigODe, 67, 304; appendicalita, 68, 304; 
coDaobrina, 60; mt«miedia, 68; n»- 
nionim, 306; pectinata, 67; radia, 60, 

306; atranua,G9; troDcata 68,804 

Emtalia cryptaram, 78, 94, 138i rapiam 163 
SioriaU tgatta, autennRta, fogai, glirina, 

gnwaa, iutemiedia ... 

.. 906 

,9 lizeflDy Google 

HercMtomDi atrDTinniB, 51, SoO ; «hr]r- 

■oijgoa, 61; cretifer, SO; ttx\ji. 

• eaodis, germiDUs, 51; gradtis, 50; 

DiSripliutii, pirTilamellatoi, pligu- 

tn> 61 

Homilamjria difllcilis,Tj moailU IM 

Hydrophonu bipunctatai, bisetal, 192; 
borealis, IBS; litoren*, 193; naba- 
IwDi, 163; pmcoi, 193; raflbirbii, 

193; vLridii '. 198 

Hrdrot«0B,3Se;cilUU,M3; ojrtonfariiii, 
denlipen, SU; ocealU. 343; pilm- 
trica, 246; pilipet, Iftt, 346; ron- 

(Unii,346; aimilii 164,316 

HyetodMU pRlIida. ...., ..... 183 

Hjpod«nna IidmU 04 

Hypophyllat discipet, abuarellas 53 

Laiuprocbromaa el^iu) G3, 251 

LeptomorphDB wallieri 139 

IjeacoatoU THtita 83 

Liuralnt lacurtris, 193 ; lirens ...164,193 

Limnobu >i:aul(u 6.1 

Limnopfaon aolitni* 16B 

L<q)h()«a fuciiU 336 

Hwhnrinm miritima lOS 

Uicbimiu raaticoi 79 

Mieroitamaa 94 

MalloU cimbidfariDii M 

Ueietetat, 188; apialis, 1B9; dendro- 
benns, 191; diidsmt, BavipH, 190; 
micaceni, 189; obacanu, 190; pal- 

Iip«,189;piitTopb[lDa,191;tHBliB... 189 

Uelangrna quadriruBcnUta 94 

HdanoatoIuB melaDchollcnt 81 

MelanMtoma mellinnni 16) 

MfltoiHa unabilit, leucocepbala 163 

Hioromorphna albipn 348 

MicropalpQi comptaa, fulgena, BOO; han- 
morrhoidaUs. 301; impadinu, 203 j 

pictoa, 199,202; pndicusivulpiiiui .. 300 

Hydeea loogiUnu 7 

Uyiocen cariDifroDB •» 1S4 

Hjiolepta iDtwU _ 94 

Nemonea _■ 306 

Oneadei gibboaiu .. 94 

Orthocbile niBTOCffirDlea 53 

Oiycant pnlcbelLi .. 9S 

Piltopten laebibilia „ 7 

PvagiU tibialit 168 

PtdiauriTOU — 98,189 

Pkortica tuwbU «■ — 139 

Pbytomfptera aitidiventrU » 

Pipixetla flaiiMrau li 

Pipnncolua arimanu 

PocoU apifonnia » 

Po^ph3TOp^ 109; ■Dt«i]Qata,110; eonaob- 
rina, 113; crauipea, 111; diudor, 
113 ; (loDKatala, 111 ; faacipoa. 111, 
2(1 ; gravipea, 110, 279; longilaoial- 
latna, 111,279: miouis, Tianih, 113; 
patellttania, patali, pac- 
I. Ill; panicilUta, pnaraaa, 
iria, 110; rivalii, 111,379; timp- 


1.110; I 

, 118 

Ptilopa nigriU MS 

Rhampbomyia taaniroatrii H 

Rbaphinni longieomo 106 

R(FHlia.303; antiqoB, pallipea 903 

ScelliigdolicbaGenia,no[atiu,apinimaiio«_ 191 

SchcBDopfailiH Tenataa MO 

Scotioceiitn rillom 189 

Sphegiua cinnipea 189 

S3nmp3'enm BDncuu, eirripea, nieriti- 

hialiB, apicatntna 196 

SyntonDOD biaariataa, dcnticaUlaa, 171; 

aalcipn, 173; Ursatas, 171, 363; 

lellflri 178 

Sjrphns areticna, eonipotilirum 163 

Syatenaa. 169, 361 ; adpropinqaana, bi- 

partiliu,IeacDnia, 170,351; achoUiii, 

169, 361 ; t«ner 161 

TabaDiiBCordiger,71, 139; sudeticiu 163 

TeuGhophariucalcantaB, 106; laanacan- 

thua, pectinihr, 198 ; aignataa, 196 ; 

aimplei 196 

ThersTa lonaUta 361 

Thinopbilns, flavipal^a, rnficoniia 349 

Thryptieoi belint, 83; diriaaa, tmarag- 

dianijBp. 108 

Thryptocera frontalia 307 

Iricholyga m^or 306 

UlLdia nigripennia B« 

VarichseU 906 

ViTiania Ginerat 306 

Volncella iaania 94 

Xanthandnu Gomtna 94,160,186 

Xantbooblonia ornatoa, teoelliu 848 

Xautbograinma dtrabadataai M 

XiphaDdriuTD aactnm, 168 ; bratloome, 

169; Faaciatnin, 168; fiaaam, lanceo- 

Utnm 189 

Xylota flarnm, 189 ; lenU M 

Dig lizeflDy Google 


AoiiidiajiiniieDaM (9p. n.). Oreen SI 

Aseiodsnu fieberi glS 

Anpidiotoa pnataUni (sp. ii,), Qreen 81 

Chioiiupii dibUta, 39 ; bedjatidii, UUms, 

80j «rioq»,titw w 

Calocaris (triatiu 87 

Ealob* 830 

Hemiehiowupia npidiitna, dnouw M 

L«dimuritk ai4 

LepidoMphs onwii. ItaUotbi, piniuB. 

formii, SS ; nngnlita (ap. n.), Oram . 99 

Leptoptema doUbnta SOS 

LimotMtii stactogala tj 

Uaonicaleua hortalatiiu sil 

Nabii brertpandii, latimbia 361 

Op()atiaapJtiavidaiHia(*p.ii.).Ore«ii ... 38 

Pantatomi jgniperiDnm 97 

Uroatjlu iiiatnietii'iu (ap. b.\ Raabr ... M 
ZiorMia conilaa 87 

A8«aiahireaaa,8S8j varitgata 318,841 

AmaqroTieinatai morioei AS 

Aadniia hittorfiaoa, ai ; lappoDica, 117 ; 

lacena,31; proiima 117 

Aatata atijma SOS 

Calicnrgua hralinatoa ., 81 

Ciliaaa hsmarrhoidalla U7 

Cimbei coanata 814 

Crabro cajntoina, 818 ; cvtratoi, pannri, 

aigoatoa 968 

Did! nail lonicornii 91 

Formica fiuca, race pqntea 811 

PanDrgiu moKcei 9SB 

Leptotborax acenoram 83 

L;gs»Deniatiu pudidoa 64 

Hfthoea icbDennioiiidM 961 

Uutilli epbippiDTn 861 

UimeiB diblbomi 8S2 

Noniadfl abtoaifniDa 863 

Nynon trimaenlataa 81 

OdyDsraa melaiiacapbaliit, 818; r«ni- 

formia 881 

Oamii untbomalana !6I 

Oiybelua inaudibalari*, 861, 868 ) mnoro- 

Dataa 861 

Pamphilioi urHflBbaU 68 

PemphradoD morio 863 

Heriadei faaciatoa 883 

FViH0piBdi1aUU,81; groalia 11? 

Sapfg* iniuqncpiiiicUta 

Schixooaroa farcatna 

Stelia odatDacDUta, 92, 968; pbnopten 
Taapa TDlgarii 


Ahrana groaiiilariata nr. tarleyata, 311 : 

almata ; 

Acaatrapna Dinaa 

Acidalia en 
43; im 

A^harantia atropoa 48,70 

Aciptilii galaetodaotjlaa, 117; apJb- 

dactflui 44 

Acn>n;cta tridaaa .11, MI 

Agariata (If due 8tg 

Agloaaa imprealia BS 

AnTOtia agatbiDa,4a; aqntlina, 11; aab- 

vortbii, 7t, IBS; doena .. 44 

Alloelita haDcoenruB (ap. n.), Wlam., 

t9aireciaelli 197 

Amphraa gerningaDa fga 

Aaaitia palndata 148 

Anaarehia dacemgattalla 18,48 

Anoeia plcxippna tfo 

Antberasa noUrpti 399 

Antielea rnbidata, IS; aigoata (cocat- 

"•K) 117 

Apamea ophiognunma 44 

Apatarairia 84,982 

ApbomU aociella 18, 44 

Aptflcta adieua, 11 i nebnloat 71,74 

ApoDoea (Ren. n.) Wlam., abtoatpalpja ... 126 

Aproaersma acanthfllidia (ap. n.). Wlam., 

40; Aemrm (tp. d.), Wlam., 194; 

mitrelU (ap. a.), Wlam., 89; tbaa- 

matea (ap. n,), Wlpm., 41; lona- 

rialla (ap. n.). Wlam 89 

Argyrwtbi" arcenthella, 369; corrella, 
48; illaminatalla, Zell., 996, 868; 

meDdiiia 48 

Astenxcoima apbini 44 

ATtDtia Aaiala 44 

Biaton birtarioa, ran. I8T 

Bnarmia Kpandata m. eanTeraaria 74 

Bombyi mW 869 

Bradjrepclea amataria 19 

Calamia pbragmitidia H 

Callig«niaaiiDiata 11 

rbaoiifera 8ll 

Caniptogrunnii flomtk M, 48 

Citoo<ilaDapta,366| frurini a 

Citoptrii eipallidua, AiItu* ., 13 

CeninhTonU 11 

Chaniei tampnmiiu , . jt9T 

Chelspteryi collsu aSO 

Chr^Hicluta fl>Ticapnt 48 

ChrTSophuiBa phlati »r. sleaa, Tir- 

ginrMB nr. niie^i 7fl 

Cidiria picaU, 4B; nrttata, IS, 48; «- 

t«™u 117 

C1ed«abi> uigaitalii 19, 48 

Caaphiaii ■lUrnani, IS ; sommniiini, 

E60; puoBuia ,. .. IS 

Cisiionrinpha pwnphilae 18 

Colrapbon fabriddU, IS, 4S; lirioetla. 

3Si limogipenaelli, »M ; IiulU,TO{ 

oohm, SG9; TibieelU, fa; nrgia- 

«■ 83 

Coliw (diui, TO, 74, 884 j earytheioe w. 

•ripbTl^lMj hjrile 74 

CoremU qoadribuiarii 19, 4! 

Coamu diSnii, prnlina 44 

Cnunbot ilpindliu, 49 ; faUtllni, 18, 48 ; 

gcnienlaDt, 11; uluellni 18 

CnimlliB uterii, SU ; Ifahnitia 18T 

Cnpida tniniroa 138 

Crmitoplian anplaru .83,76,8^0 

Danau pctilU 090 

Dujcamp* nibigidM 48 

Dujdi* tenebnria nr. woekMiia 184 

Daliatnigrina 8!» 

Deilepbila lifargioa 48 

Depnaaaria cilialla, litnrdla, 18; pol* 

oherrimelU, 43; thapaialla, 167; 

yaatiaiia 43 

Diumia liUralil 26 

IMiDthcBcia albiaucnla, 83 ; capmpbila, 

85; carpophaga, II i ooDapem, 11, 

48; cncntMli, 11; lDt«a(o, 8G, vtr. 

flcUiDi 38 

Diehelia gTOtiana 18 

DiobroraiiipbaRaTidanana,811; plamba- 

gana,369'. aatmnana, 48 ; tanacsti ., 8S9 

Doratifera nalaarara 88S 

DjBchorifU j^iuloD 11 

Ectropia (TBphrana) cooioiiam ab. nlgrt, 

Elachiata Bleocharu^Ia, 360 ; iDticomella, 

43; tilmanella, SSB ; tBnUtelU 18 

la uaifancUU IS 

EnnoDKM alniaria, 18; eroaaria, IS; fas- 

cmUru IS, 48 

Ephsatia fionlalU ... 18,48 

Epifnpbia itainMlBariana VI 

Kpione tdncnaria SW 

Ernbia cthiops, 888 ; alaoto rar. DiabidM, 
134; niBii,4(li Klaaallt Tar. nioholli, 
80''K<, BOi^na, 'xMTm, 388 ; malaa, 
184; p*Iarica,49; ■cipio,8S4j itygoa M 

Kromene oeellm 887 

EQcheliajafiabaB TRr. 188 

Eadam antputa (ooareUlh), 70, 117: 
oembna, pallida, 13; reaioaa, 43; 

DlmcUa. 13 

Eaubsir* H»ialu 194 

Enploa oorinna ISO 

Ba^iseilii dasrejaaa, dlialla, IS, 4S; 
Mjanaia, 43 ; muMUiaiia, 9( ; 

Tcctiaana 43 

Eupithada cipcllidata. BS; aitvnRaria, 
SSSi hdTsticam.Sfie; iiTuraata.11; 
■atrrata, 3SB; ancoaatariata, Tal- 

erianaU, IS; irirganraata .. ,. 950 

dolobraria 44 

ia ruMiila 76 

Eoiopbara pinitait.. 44 

Galleria mellonella 4« 

Oantropaohi qaardfolia 11,44 

Qslechia ftitarnella, fdcitiTalla, bcnnan- 
e1la,48; latBlsnM11a,IS,43; moaffit- 
tella, mnKoaella. mttutat, 41; 
aolntalU, 869 j baniolella, 48; tar- 

qnioialla 3S 

Oeomatra papilionaria 13,44 

Qnurilaria elonsslla. IfiO: trinnipenDflla. 850 

Graellaia iaabelln 163 

Grapbolita campoliliana, 86S; n»rana, 

Hadena contiKaR, 88B; Kenirta, 44; 

KUnea-SSS; inau ..... 11 

Harpiptarji (oabrdla 43 

Haatala hfarana. 100, ISO, Tar. mariri' 

naU 131,140 

Hecatara asrana 11 

Heliconiai nomata, lilTana, Tatnrta 883 

Heliopbobiu ceapiti*. 11 

Hemerophila abniptaria 8i 

RMperia Hnaola. 148 

Hetaranympbabankn, n»n>pa,miriaoa ,. S8*< 

HomtKnonia nebnlelU, nimbella IS 

Bydrilla Bronoia II 

Hjlophila bicoloiaDa 44 

Hjpochalcii ihetiella M 

HyiKKistB wiphemia 3S8 

Hypalimni»bo1ina,e20i minippus ...<».e20 

Bjponamsuta Tigintipanctitna 43 

I«linenu« emgorm, iotitiQB — B88 

Inearrarii mblmannialla 9^0 

Jnnoni* lellids 837 

LarentiA nntninnkta 14S 

Lavorna ochraieelU W, W 

Leioptilui lieniKianii), 48. 107 ; micro- 

dactyliia 13,43 

Leptogramma literatiB 43 

Leuoinia favicolor, 34, 43, 43, TT, 104. 

description of larva, 106, ISS; oh- 

wIeU 48 

Libythe* gcoffVori nieerillM IB 

Ligdia tdDitata 13 

Umenitia librn* 34 

liimnas dirTiippna . 134 

LithoGolUCis frDlichiclla, hegeeriella. spin- 

olella, stettiDemU 3S0 

Lithoxia caniala, 3S ; griseola var. Rtra- 

mineala, 11; qnadra 43 

Lobophora liretata 43 

Laperina cniHti^ 44 

LjcnTia arpis Tar.hfpocbiona,354i ocbj- 

tnlaa, rar. ob«rthuri, pberetes, py- 

renajca 383 

Madopa aaliealis 3i 

Melanargia lacbcBiB var. eanifpileDsia, He- 

litna anrinia rar. iberica 383 

HeUnitii Ma 338 

MMOsaroia eamsne ... 76 

Metoptria mono(tranima 188 

Melnra alonaata 839 

MorpboadoDW 13* 

Hyelopbila cribralla 13,835 

Namopbora pilislU SS9 

NetrocorjTie repanda 339 

Nearia taponaris (raticalata) 11.48 

Nola caDtonali^ stripilB 43 

NoQigria samiaipUDCta 43 

NotodoDta dict»iidea 44 

Nndariaaenei. 11 

Oehsenheimeria vaccalella 96 

(Ecophoia anbaqDililla 3GS 

Ogf ri« abrota, ganonia 32S 

Ophiodei lanaria 163 

Omii lovaualla, sooticella 360 

OraoDi^ orthograniniaria (ap. n.), Long- 

Orthoaia enapecla ' 

Ortliotciiia nntiqnaiia, 13, 43; tparga- 

i,el1a,l.!,43; striani IS,. 

Oiyptilos tauerii i 

Papi]iaaiiactaa,31Si blomei, 193; ercch- 
thsDi, V19; hespenl^ B9 ; Ij-caoD, 
319; mu^leafanaa, 183, 830; »r- 

pedoD, Blhenelni 3. 

Paraponyi i-tratiolalii I 

Penthina dimidiana, 368; mirginina, 
8G9 ; ocbroloDcana, 44 ; HDdaaa ... fi 

Pericallia sjrinjEria 13, IS, ■ 

raronea miitana 81 

Phibalapterji fluvtaU, vital bata 

Pbaiapl«ryi biarcaana, inftiillana, 8SS ; 

Dncana, Diignicana 81 

Pbycia batnlB . .- 

Heurota bastifonnia (ap. n.), WUm., 138 ; 

. 197 
IS, 44 

Plu-iia moncla 

PiDUilla aDDUlatdla, dalelU, 369; por- 

rectelU 4S 

pDooilocaropa popoli S6B 

Pffidiaea aordidana 48 

Pnlia flavocincta, 11 ; unthomista 8S 

Ptendacraa poggM -.- 18* 

Psyche reticalla -. 48 

Pterophoios tatradartjlm 71 

PtenMtoina palpi na 11 

Pyg«ni cortola 44 

Pyralis glaucimlii 19 


Rliodophffia adienella, 49, 44; formow, 

13,43, 41; marmarea, anaTelU 13,43 

Ri»ula aaricmlis " 

Sarothripoa undnlaniu 44 

Satyrui Mrade 44,70 

Scardia aroalU, 43 ; oloacella ... IS 

Scodiona balgiarii MB 

Sooparia (Gndorea) angnttaa (ooiretalis), 
70,117; eembrD, pallida, 18; THinea, 

49i ulraella 13 

ScopQia decrepitalia 860 

Selenia lunaria 18,4* 

ScbcBQObias forficelliu, mnoronsllaa 13, 41 

SphiaiC0QTol*ali, 70; pinaatri 43 

Spilodn palealis 44 

Spilaeama (Arctia) urticn 76 

Stigraonota cognatana, owmopbaraoa ... 869 

Strenia clathrata H 

SwammBrdamia comptalla, tpmialla 43 

,9 lizeflDy Google 

Sfmmod ctlidclls (up. n.). Wlam., 37 ; 

malitar (ip. d.), Wlioi., abliUrata 

{sp. n.), Wlsm,, 88; poDBriBs (up. 

n,), Wlim 37 

Tepbronii conaonarii ab. nign. 89, llfii 

Boiuort«ri» 116 

TsthraretDH It, 43 

Tbeclarobi ., . ., 1«7,S38 

Tinea j^raiwlla, 117) Up«IU, 48; wmi- 

fDlreUa 13,48 

Tiaipbonc abaona 23;* 

Tortrix diieraaaa, 43 ; proDubuia, 276 i 

nnicolaraDa 100 

Triohion entngi 41 

Vaneus mtiopa, B60; c-album, !6 ; car- 

dai, palyohlonM 70 

XaothiB gilrago 44 

Xanio ubantB, llagii S28 

Xylioa pctrificata, 70i nrnibrannea 117 

Xjlocampa lithoriu 11 

YponomsaU Tigintipnnetata 13 

Tpthimaarctous.... 888 

ZouD6amap«udul*m »r. anbrouita 74 


iEKhna iaoraelt^ 8 ; miila 76,147 

Agrion armatam, 187; cdmlescena, 118; 

baitolatiiin, a, 38; mei'cnriale .. 75 

Anai impenitor, 8, 33, 76 ; partbenops ..'i, 31 

Bojeriairene 147 

CiBcilini diUi 818 

Calopteiji «ia1, brnnorrhoidalii 147 

Chrympa dorsal ii 88 

Corda1(«ut«r annulatiu, W, 147 ; bided- 

Utn« 4 

Cotdnliaanea 8 

Kctopoociu biiggti. 813 

KlipaocuB weatwoodii 813 

Epitheca bimaenlata 34 

Oompbai Incasii, 147 { palcbellna, 3, 31 ; 

Talgatiuimog 34,76 

Iicbnara fanotaitiri, tp. n., 147 ; graallaii, 

Sena, 148; pamilio ...4,76 

Lestes di7Bs, 34 ; tiridii 149 

LEamrrhinia ilbifrons, 3, 34; caudataa, 

34; dabia, 36; pectoralia 34 

Libollnla faWa 31,388 

Limnopbilus •letHDi... 47 

Nebalannja apacioaam 1 

Onycbogomphae foreipataa, 4, 84, 117 ; 

DDcataa 4. UT 

OpbiogompbuB aerpentiniu 34 

Ortbdnim bnionaam, 84; cancellatam, 

8,34; Ditidinerre, nmbDrii 148 

Panorpa cognata 98 

PfripBocns albogatUtua .. 813 

PUtjcneniiB pninipH, 76 ; aabdilaUta ... 147 

Paocaa bipuoctatiu, morio 818 

Pyrrhaaania tanellam 8,148 

Sjiiipetrani fonacolombii, 8, 140; meri- 

dioDale, 86, 146 i lauKaiueam U4 

Samatochlora alpwtria,arctica. 3i ; flaTo- 

macalBta,33; nieUllica 34 

Sjmpjxiu fnua ... 140 


AcridiDDi egypticam 76 

Aneebara torquaU 86 

Auiaolabia colosaea, 833 ; aoniilipei 834 

Aptervgida aracbidia, 187, 834; media 



CbcDtopsania capella 84 

FotGcuIh BDricularia, ab., 9^4; dayidi, 

inlBTTogana BE 

Gompbocenu mfiu 38, 188 

Labia laminata 84 

Labidara riparia. 233 

Leocophca auriDaaieDaia ... 143 

LocoaU viridiaiima 336,338 

Periplaueta americaaa 143 

Phansraptera qnadiipnnetata ... 883 

Platyolfis griaea . 830 

Palf loateria farrogidaa 93S 

StcDabDtbnuetcgaii>,lin>atn(,8Se; rnfipeaSOG 
Xipbidium doraala 380 




87X0 1 E8. 
Cenlopiiyllui t 
Palai Ebeopeii, 


AiDua uthobu, FUIo. ST 

Auuatomi loMiu, fafrm 106 

Birii piliitriata, St^. (raniUUd) SM 

Criocsphiliu nutiou, Dfj. 16 

Ihon* fowUri, Jhf „ ST4 

LoDuphloni moDilti, Tdir. ST6 

Halacbins bunrrillti, Pitfos, IE j toIdst- 

atai.Ab 88 

HsUnopbthkliai diitingDMidt, Cmh ST6 

Qntdini nriabilu, H*tr 187 

Bilnniii memtor, JVnM. 87 

Tatiopinm ormwibsTi. Sharp, 971 1 piT- 

CQm, Sharp ,. 278 

Triplu bIcolDT, 0rll 80,135 


Agatbomyii boradla, 211 6 

CallimTu alggaotala, 71a. 6 

ChiTMitiu /emoratiu, Ztt. £i 

CnqMdothrii TiTiiwra, A f .B .. S07 

Qolkbopiu krgjntanii, Wailb. 919 

ErigoD* pectioata, ffirMi. 67 

EiMutt uitMDat*, B. <t S. 806 

„ tagn „ 808 

„ gUrint „ 200 

„ intannadii „ SKM 

HomilomfiB diffldlii, SMs 7 

Hadelcnu obteanii, ZIt 

Pillopten laUhilu, £w. 

Pbytomjrptcn nitidJTentrii, Awl. 

Pmiibjinipi gniipM, Hal. 

„ liniliiilAc. 

Ptilopt nigrita, JFIn 

RiH^a pallipea, „ 

Sfrtaniu bipariitiu, £w. 170^ 

„ leacnnii . 

„ •chalbdi „ 

TaebTtrMboi ripiooU „ (lOM, p. 848). 

Tricholjga m^jor, S»i ,. 

Ulidia Digripaauu, Zrw. 

Xipbaodrinin Uocwlataiq, Zrw. 


AmanioDematni moricei, KvniHc ■ 
Lfgieanematai pedidni, Kaaoic . 
FampbUiai gjllenhali, Dahlb 


Artrnsthia illnminaldla, 
Tortrii proDDbaDa, H&. 




BPBOIEB. ■ Alloc'"" franooenriiB, Wlm., Algtria 

CenU>vhj\[a»ttinB\,Botitch., Britain.. i6i ! ApoDOM obturipdpi>, „ 

I ApnMerima wanth;llidu, WUm. „ 


OcUdius walkgri, Camtrat, 

Iiland of PtHm 17B 

Daeae fowUri, Jog, Btrktkir4 874 

Tttropinm crtinharj, Skarp, Britain ... 371 
„ pMcdDl, „ „ ... 97g 


AonidiajaTaaantia, Othii, JoM 81 

Aipidtotui pottnlani, „ „ ;l| 

LspidoHphM aDfiilata, „ „ SS 

OpnntiHpu jnaufliuu „ „ .„ gg 

VrtMtyiiM iuntractsna, Btutar, India ... M 

AraaoM, Wlm. IBj 

,1 tooirislU, „ „ 

Onunaba ortbogrammirii, LnnjiMT, 

Song Song ., 
Plmroti hutifonnia, Wltm., Algiria 
SjmniDC* ealidella, „ „ 

„ molilor, „ „ 

I, ohlitaraU, „ „ 

Ischnun fountainat, JfpptM, J^«ria ... U7 


Anachnra torqaaU, Bsrr, IWUs 

Cbatoipuia capdla, „ Madagataar... 

ForBcala dairidi, „ Mon Bin 

mtemvaiu, „ ludia 

Labia lamiDila, „ Java 

,9 iizedoy Google 


ate I.—Stepkanoeirtiu liaioni, Rothrch. (tae p*gM 61, 62). 
U.-ffaHuIa kyn-oMa, UiU. (Me page 167). 

TIL— „ ,. 
Vlll.— Ceratophgtlat faire»i, Bolhach. (•«« page 256). 


col. 2, Una 4 from lop, for " Timadra." read " Tiinandra." 

» S, „ ; „ bott«Dl,,^"coiitsmmuiB," na(l"conUminan*." 

)ina 17 rrom top, for " enmple," road " eiBmpIe." 

i> 10 » i> » " ipilodaclfla," road " ipilodactvl"*." 
„ 2 „ bottom, for " spain," read " Spun." 

„ 19 „ top, „ " AmpkgdaiU" road " AmpJudaiyt." 

„ 26 „ „ „ " lUorala," road" lUerata." 

11 *8 T> ,1 „ " psrriaa," road " pgriita." 

I, 88 „ „ „ " Sspophlmo," road " Bypophlaiu." 

„ 17 „ n „ " EMUOMiiae" road " Enecinnu." 

„ 28 „ „ „ "Srigioe," road " Srigona." 

„ 4 „ „ „ " maeuliootUt,' road " maeuliMmit." 

„ 11 „ bollom, „ " A. sthiopi," read " E. mliiopt." 

„ 12 „ top „ " iHtotuation," nod " pnnotuation." 

„ 1, for " soreeobnig," read " •ereeching." 

„ 22 from top, for " Ooreid," road " BeduTiid." 

H 21 „ „ „ '<Hatlii>w,"i-w>if "Hathon." 

,9 iizedoy Google 

iM.o OS'. 







Jn plemotrlam. 


Charles QoldiDg Barrett was bom at Colyton, Devon, on May 5th, 
1836, the eon of an officer in the Inland Uevenue Department. He 
was at first intended for an engineer, and to that end worked for two 
years as nn apprentice at the Coalbrookdale Ironworks, Salop ; but in 
1S56 he entered the Civil Service, his long and honourable career 
therein being closed by bis retirement, from nearly the highest rank 
in his Department, in April, 189d. 

As a boy be was very fondof collecting objects of Natural History, 
and he appears to have commenced the serious study of our native 
Lepidf^tera at about his twentieth year. We find him in August, 
1 856, sendii^ to the then newly established Entomologist's Weekly 
Intelligencer (vol. i, p. 166) a record of the occurrence of Ooliat eduta 
at Forest Hill ; and at p. 179 of the same volume is a note by him on 
Va«e*ta e-albwm in Shropshire, in which the marked differences be- 
tween the summer and autumn broods are, we believe, referred to for 
the first time. An interesting light is thrown on his energetic methods 
of working in those early days by a note ia the "Zoologist" (p. 6215), 
in which he relates that, after collecting all night in West Wickham 
Wood, and lying down towards sunrise for a nap under a fence, he 
was awakened by the gambols of a merry dancing party of Fumea 
nitidella ^, which had selected his face as their ballroom ! 

His removal from London to Dublin in 1659 resulted in the 
thorough working, in company with several other energetic collectors, 
of Howth and other productive localities nesr that city; and fais 
Boioum there was signalized by the addition by him to our fauna of 
such notable species as Lithotia eaniola, Dianthacia eapiophila, the 
remarkable form of Z). luteago described by Henry Doubleday ax D. 
harrettii, and the beautiful Oeleehia tarquiniella. A full and very 
interesting list of his Irish captures appears in the " Zoologist " for 
1861 (p. 7799 et teg.). 

Haslentere, where Mr. Barrett was stationed in 1862, soon became 
classic ground to our Lepidopterists from his continuous captures of 
rare and interesting species, among which Madopa lalicalit deserves 
a passing notice. Being transferred to Norwich in 1868, the Norfolk 
Fens and the " Breck " and coast sands afforded a new and most in- 
teresting field to his untiring energy, and many notes on their insect 


treoaurea nre tr> be foiinil in our pagee. l<Vom 1875 to 1884 we find 
him locateil at Pembroke, in an entirely unworked district of great 
promise, hsrdlj' however fulfilled ; though our collectiout owe most of 
their reprasentntives of Diatemia Uleralii and Eitpacilia mut»eifimu 
to hie fortunate discovery of the habitat and habits of these very 
rare species. 

After a Londnn appointment of not long duration, in 1886 be was 
transferred to King's Lynn, where be continued to make obaerTationt 
and captures of the greatest int«rest, among which the rirtua] dw- 
covery, in conjunction with Mr. E. A. Atmore, of the fine StipitiecU 
extentaria as a British species may be specially noted. In 1880 be 
received an important and respunsible post in South London, where, 
at Nunhead and subsequently at Peckham Bye, the remainder of his 
busy and active life was passed. 

From the first establishment of our Magazine in 1864 ftlr. 
Barrett was a constant contributor to our pages ; in fact, his name 
appears in our '' Index " attached to no fewer than 830 separate en- 
tries, the last appearing so recently as December, 1904. Among theae 
contributions the "Notes on British Tortrices," which appeared at 
intervals between 1872 and 18iH), and embody the records of ouuiy 
additions to our Fauna, are the most important, and mark an era in 
our knowledge of this interesting series of moths. His chief work, 
" The Lepidoptera of the British Islands," was begun in 1892, and 
the ninth volume, which exteJida to the commencement of the OroMftffe*, 
was issued last year. This section was completed in the parts since 
published, and it is with great satisfaction that we learn that the 
material exists to carry the work to the end of the Tortrieina, the 
group which our lamented colleague had made so completely his own. 
In the preface to Vol. 1 he remarks — " My aim is, not only to furnish 
original and accurate descriptions of the perfect insects, and the most 
reliable descriptions obtainable of their larvs and pupas, but also tiuch 
particulars of their habits and ways, drawn from personal experience 
and the most reliable records, as shall present them to the reader as 
creatures which enjoy their lives, and fill their allotted positions before 
they take a more permanent place in the museum or the cabinet." 

This is the keynote of the book, which is too well known and 
esteemed by all Lepidopterists to need further comment, and it exhibits 
the author in his strongest point, as essentially a field naturalist of 
the highest type. It was never the good fortune of the present writer 
to enjoy the company of Mr. Barrett in the field, but the many ento- 
mologists who have had that privilege unanimously bear witness to his 
wonderful powers of work, as well as lo his resourcefulness, patience 
and acumen in tracking the moat obscure and retiring species to their 

«•■] 27 

IiabitaL The candour e,nA generosity with which he placed hii rut 
»torea of entomologirBl knowledge at the diB|>oeal of all bis friends, 
and bia genial, energetic and hearty manner, made him a delightful 
eompanioD ; nor will hii nnstinted liberntity in supplying our collec- 
tioDB with the nre and intereBtiitj; apecies he bo frequently net with 
be readily forgotten. 

Id his public no lesB than in hii private life, Hr. Barrett com- 
manded the eiteem and affection of all who knew him ; and we can 
here merely allude to the active and diBiDlereBted part in the Geld of 
reliipon and temperance which be took throughout hiB life. 

Since Jnne, 1880, he was one of the moat valued membera of our 
Editorial staff, and bis decease ieavee a roid that will long be felt 
by his colteagnes. tn IS84 he became a Fellow of tbe Entomological 
Society, and was a Vice-President in 1901; and in 1892 he waa 
President of the South London Entomological Society. 

For some time past the robu«t health that had for so long stood 
him in good stead had been failing, and lie succumbed to an acute 
attack of bronchitis, passing away peacefully on the morning of De- 
cember llth, 1904. His remain! are interred at Forest Hill Cemetery. 
We understand that his extensive Collections of British, European, 
and South African Leptdoptera — the last receired from a sister in 
Cape Colony, and tbe subject of some interesting notes in our pagea 
—are to be disposed of. 

We are greatly indebted to Mr. C. G. Barrett, of King's Lynn, 
the eldest son of our departed colleague, to bis danghter, Misa L. 
Barrett, and to tbe courtesy of tbe editor of the " Civilian," for 
material assistance in preparing this notice. —J. J. W. 

Wo bare great pleasure in announcing that Mr. Gin. T. Pobbitt, 
P.L.S., has consented to fill the vacancy on our staff caused by the 
death of Mr. C. G. Babbktt. Mr. Pobbitt has for many years past 
been one of our most esteemed contributors on the Order Leptdoptera, 
and more recently on the Neitroptwa and Triehoptera ; and bis assist- 
snce in these departments of Entomology will, we feel sure, be 
appreciated by our readers no less than by uurselTes. 

Em^tm-a i» Miltn't Dalt, Bualo*, a»d Sitreeod Anri.— In June, 1908, 1 
nwt with nnfik (paeimena of ZieroHa camUa, Linn., and Ftntalema /mtiprrimam, 
Linn. The flnt wu taiken on a aUina in the britliant eunihine, and the latter 
oeaamd bj beating haael or blaakthorn ; there ii, u lar m I <m And, no jnnjper 
■t all in Um Dale. At Sherwood, in June of the paat year, Caloeer'u ttriabu, Linn., 
wa* lolerablj abnndant b; beating young oaki on the Welbeok tiAe of the forsit. 
I am indritted to Hr. E. Baundera far verj kindly determining theee ioaecte for 
ma.— J. EiDsox Tailor, 35, Soath Atbdub, Baiton : Janaarg, I90G. ,-~ , 




Qottmrnent BitomoUn'tt, Sogal BotaHie Qardeiu, Peradenifa, Ctglon. 

(Conclvdtdfrom vol. il, pagt 810). 

Lepidobaphes prDNXFOBHiB, Boucbe. 

Oo Gilrut (No. 18). 

This is the cosmopolitan insect, hitherto generally knon-n a* 
Mjftilatpit citrieola, Pnrk. Dr. Leonnriii has now identified it with 
the old«r name of pinnasformin, of Bouche ; And Mrx. Fernald, in ber 
" Catalogue of the Goeeida of the World," uhows that Lepidosaphn 
of Shinier haa precedence over Mglilaxpit of Signoret. 

On Pterotpermumjavanicum (No. 63). 


On undetermined plant (No. 104). 

OpUNTiABPia jAVANBsaia. gp. nop. (fig. 5). 

Female poparium (flg. 6a) elongate, nurow ; eidee gubparallel i cvinte not 
Ter; proininent ; innrgiTi and poaterior eilremiL; Battened. Colour reddiah-broBii 
to deep purple-brovn ; margin and poslerior eilremit; vhitUli j pelliclci reddiih. 
Length, 3 mni, ; greatot breadth, 1 mm. 


Hale puparium (fig. Si) similar in rarm, oolaur and teitura to that of ? ■ 
Posterior third somewlut deprewed and concaTe, as in male puparia of partatoria. 
L«ngth, 1.76 to 2 mm. 

Adult 9 (Bg. fie) alangate, narrow ; a trant*er*e furrow and deep lateral clsft 
approiimntelj biiecting tlie insect, betwaon meso- and nieta-thorai Donn chitinou*, 
■mootb. Some scattered longish, stout, spinifomi hairs on ventral surface of metA- 
thorai and abdominal segments. Margin of posterior half incurred vsiitrallj, the 
incurred portion bearing a stout thorn-like process on each segment ; a pair of stoat 
chitinous spines on the renter of the mesothoiai — class 1« the transierse furrow, 
and a second pair on vptiler of first abdominal segment. A submarginal longitn* 
dinal fold on each side. Pjgidium (fig. 5d) rounded. Median lobes rather wid«l; 

separate, small but prominent, oonieal, glightl; constricted at base. First lateral 
lobe similar in form and giie, followed b; a smaller lobe, which— thouKh sepamted 
from it by a oonsidenblo interral — corresjionds to the outer lobule ot the duplex 
lateral lobes in Ltpidoiapket and CiionoMpU, Other lobes obsolete. Squamei 
spiniform, with dilated bases. No ciruumgenital glands. Length, 1.60 1« 2 mm. 

Habitat : on Agave mexieana (No. 51). 

Differs from 0. philoeoeeui, Ckll., in the number of the pygidial 

Hkuichionabpib abpidistrs, Sign. 

On Piper nigrum (No. 23) ; and Unearia gambir (No. 88). 

Hbuicbionaspis dbacsnjs, Cooley. 
On Paehira aquattca (No. 60). 

CBiovkBua (Puenacabfib) tabicosa, Green. 
On Piper nigrum (Noa. 23 and 37). 

Chiohaspis (Phbnagaspib) dilatata, Oreen. 
On jFVcki ap. (No. 51) ; Myrittioa fragrant (No. 75) ; Hovea 
bra$ilien»is (No. 81) ; and Willugkbeia sp. (No. 93). 

Chiosabpib tit IB, Oreen. 
On Loranthut ep. (Noa. 72 and 101). 

Dig tizedoy Google 


On Mangifera gp. (No. 77). 


On Cinnamomum zeglaniewtt (No. 41). 

LeFIDOBAPRES ONaOLATA, it. »p. (Fig. 6). 

Fem»la pupAriom d>rk red dish -brown, margin and pelliclci paler. Elongale, 

iwiTow, usuallj sinuous ; median araa moderaUJj oiniTei, margins flaUenod i lur- 

face dull, obacurelj tninsienelj coiTugat«d. Below with • well defined clmnnel for 

the reoeption of the bodj of the inaect. L«ngth, 2 to 3 mm-i bTndtb,0'8to 1 mm. 

Hale puparium smaller ; dark brown, with a 

pale transTene baud towards the liinder eitremilj, 

at tbe point where the scale is Iiinged to fadlilate 

the egreu of the winged 

inaeot. Length, 1'60 mm. i 

breadth, about 0-60 mm. 

Adult? (fig. Oa), elong- 
ate, broadest across abdomi- 
nal area \ the cephalo-thora- 
oic area occupying full two- 
tbirds of the total length. 
Uargini of the four abdo- 
minal segmenlj strongly pro- 
duced and armed wiUi claw- 
M (fig. U). The ^ 
1 the first abdo- ' 
Fig. to. minal segment marge i 

spiniTorm tquaisen with tubular glands ; those on the outer segment* appear to 
be UDOODneoted with glands. Pjgidium (fig. 6e) irregalariy rounded ; median 
.^ _^ lobes prominent, 

^ ~ ~- \ gjightij emargin- 

JB I second lobes 

lex, the lo- 
bules distinctand 
separate. Beyond 
the lobe* aratbm 
thiokeiwd marjp- 
nal prominenoes. 
In each intern! 
are a pair of ipi- 
Flg, ec. nifbnn squames, 

IJKwe on saeh side of the sooond lobe* situated on a couspiouous marnitMtl process 
bearing a large pore. Anal aperture at base of pygidium. Oiniumgenital glaod* 
1 are groups i median with 8 to 4 orifices ; upper laterals with 6 to 8 ; lower 
Oral doml pores in two small seriea on each side. 
Length, 075 to t mm. Qreatest breadth, about 0'40 mm. 


laterals with 4 to 6. 
Adult i unknown. 


On S^zggium pteudo-jambolanum. 

The remarkable unguliform procestiGs on lateral margins of abdo- 
iriiiml aegments sufficiently distinguish this from allied species. 
AspiDioTua (Etabpidiotub) PtiBTUtA.iia, n. tp. (Fig. 7). 
Fi'niale pupurium irregul&rl; drouUr. Hodent«l; oodtsi. Brawnuh-fuWoua. 
Pcllialea concolorouB, inconspicuouB. SurracH dull and roughened. 

Diameter, 1 U> 1.60 nun. 
Uale pnparium not obMrred, 
Adult 9 brondlj turbinifonn. Older examples rather deiieel; ehitinoiu. No 

(Bg. 7 a) with medittn lobet Itrge, etout *nd pro- 
Two laleml lobes o 
with broad baie and aeioulate apex 
(flg. 7 b). Squamei numeioui, atout i 
obaourelj furcste, othara apini' 
) extending along margin for 
beyond the lobea. Bpinea 
long, etout and oonipicuaus. Oiroam- 
genilal gland* in four groups; upper 
laUi«U 8 to 11 1 bwer laterals a 
to 6. Dorsal pores numerous, minnte 
crowded. Length, O.BO to 1. 10 mm 
Breadth, 0.76 to 1 mm. 

:upyiug shallow pits in 

On Erythrina lithotperma, the scales i 
the surface of the bark. 

AOHIDIA JATAHBM8IS, •!. »p. (Fig. 8). 

Female puparium auboiroular, posterior eitremitj slightlf pointed ; occupied 

Klmoat completely bj the large seoond pellicle with a rerj narrow secretionary 

bolder. First pellicle nther atronglj oonrei, oentr&U; placed. Oolour, dull 

isddiili-brown ) the flnt peUiole outlined with fulrons. Diameter, about 1 mm. 

,9 lizedoy Google 

Uale pupBriuin larger, paler and flatter ; 
ralhur broader Ihaii long. Colour, browniih- 
iMhreous. Diameter, about 1 mm. 

Adult $ (Sg. 6 a) of normal form ; aub- 
cirouUr, tlie outline broken bj tlie pjgidiam 
wbicb is moderately praininent. RoBtrum cloN 
to anterior margin ; large and oonspicuous. The 
bodj raTit; UBuall; eontaina two lai^e emblToe. 
Margin of abdominal segmenta tentaculale. Fy- 
gidiuin (flg. 8 i) of irregular outline. Four 
■mall narrow lobet, between and bejond whioh 

the margin ii produced into long lanceolate proceuei, Tarjiug in aito and form 
in different eiamplei. Long diameter, 0.60 to 0.65 mm. 

Od uoder-surface of leaves of JUt/risfiea fragrant ; tbe Rrales 
diapoBed along tbe midrib and proiniDent veiuB of the leaf. 

Fig. 1. — Lteanntn itu^TKapfnbiM. 

(a) Section of SryUvena branch, with ineecta m tUi. Nat. ajie. 

(£) Adult female, x 4. 

(e) Spiracle of female, greatly enlarged. 

(d) Derm of female, fErentl; enlarged. 

(«) Plates of ansi operculum, greatly enlarged. 
Fig. S.— Palvituiria maxima, 

(a) Marginal ipines, x 660. 

(i) Antenna, x 150. 
Fig. 3. — CeropUutti etrrhipadiformU. 

Stigmatie apinei, x 6&0. 
Fig. i.— AipidioUu citrailigiitii. 

Eitremit; of female pjgidiuln, greatly enlarged. 



Fig. 5. — 0/iii«<ia»;j(»_;araji«ii*i». 

(d) Female puparium, ' 17. 

{b) Male puparium, x 17. 

(c) Adult female, leutral riew, x 4i: 

{d) Eitremitj of female pifgidiuiii, : 
Fig. 6 —I^pidotapbei vHgulata. 

(a) Adult female, x 80. 

(i) Margin of abdominal aegment, k 

(c) Pjgidium, X 20U. 
Fig. 7 —Atpidioliu piutulaHi. 

(a) PjgidiDiii of female, x 200. 

{b) Margin, ahowing lateral lobes, x 
Fig. S.—A/midia favanauit. 

(o) Adolt ?, X 75. 

(i) Pjgidium, X 650. 



(Coneludtd from pagt 4). 

The weather had now become aettled and very hot, and the 8th 
oaw us back for the day to near Ziirich, our destination being the 
Oerlibon Biet, including the Eiver Olatt, and our special quarry the 
Oompkitue and Somatoehlora Aavomaeulafa. Taking the train to 
Olattbrugg, our course led us along the banka of the Glatt fi-r a 
atretch, then over the Biet to Oerlikon Station. The Glatt is here a 
slow stream with corrected couree. Ou either side of it stretch 
tracts of marshy meadow with little clumps of wood, un ideal locality 
for \europtera. Perhaps in no other place did we see so many 
dragon-flies. It is do eiaggeration to say that Caloptifryx tplenderu 
moBt have existed in tboueands on tbe short reach of the river which 
we traversed. I have hardly ever witnesaed a prettier sight than 
these multitudes of lovely dragon-flies. A female never took flight 
without having half-a-dozen or so male attendants in her train, and 
these curious little processions were constantly flittirig about tbu 
river. Not less numerous, but less conspicuous, was Platymemia 
jwnnijiM. Anax imperator was present in fair numbers, each patrolling 
his tpecial section steadily, except when a wandering Oontphua 
provoked the tyrant to a chase. A worn ? of A. partkenope was 
taken; it had probably flown from the Metmenbasler See. The 
Qomphids were not common and were difficult to catch, the difficulty 
being enhanced in no small d^ree by the relentless attacks of Tabani 

Dig lizeflDy Google 

34 [Fetaii.T. 

which swarmed in the long herbage aluii){ the river bank. One of 
the first Heen was Opkiogomphun terpentinut, the moet beautiful of the 
European GomphidB, nnd quite different from the othera on account 
of ita exquisite green coloration. The apeciee was not at all frequent, 
and it waa the moBt warj, only one being secured by Dr. Ria. Omjr- 
ehogomphui forcipa/ux was not quite bo rare, and a few good males 
were caught, while Oomphm vulgatUnmut, <{\i\te unexpectedly, put in 
ao appearance. One or two Platetrum deprettunt were noticed at a 
amall lateral stream. But Somatoehlora fiavomaeulata outnumbered 
all the other larger dragon-flies; every corner alon<( the EDarginii of 
the wood, and almost every small clump of bushes gave shelter to a <J 
which was not as a rule difficult of capture. One of the striking 
features of the Olatt marshes was Popilio maekaon, which was flying 
about in splendid examples of the secood brood. 

Our last excursion in the low country was to the Hauaer See a 
pretty lake near Oasingen (about 1360 feet s. m.), and distant fram 
Hheinau about 5^ miles. The walk was sufficiently long in the 
intense beat. When we were atill some distance from the lake, a few 
Orthetrum brunntmm appeared flying over the road. Entering the 
shaded paths iu the woods surrounding the lake, we found them alive 
with Limenitu tybilla. 1 have never seen it before in such numbers, 
but they were nearly alt much worn and we had no time to spare to 
select them. So we left them aloue, as we alao did Apatwra trig, 
which ODce or twice tempted us to linger, and we very soon reached 
the lake. This ia one of the localities where the great prize Bpitheea 
bimaeulata is to be found, but we were of course too late for it. 
Amongst the first species seen were Somatochlora metalliaa flying 
along the margin, and a tittle farther on one or two Lihellula fulva, 
together with a g Sgrnpetrum aanguineum. But we hastened on to 
the corner for Leucorrhinia, only to find that in this early season we 
were too late. Z. albtfront was still present and a few pairs were 
taken, but of L. peclortlia only one (^ was aeen and taken by 
Dr. Ris, who handed it over to me with his usual generosity, which 
extended to everything of any value that waa found. L. eaudalU, 
which also occurs here, was evidently quite over. The usual com- 
plement of small dragon-flies was obtained, including Fyrrkotovta 
tmellum, and on going round to the other side of the lake we found 
Oomphut pulehellut common, but worn. Orthetrum cancellatum was 
again present, but 1 found this species one of the most difficult of all 
to catch. Leaving the lake proper, a little marshy meadow was 
viaited for Lettet dryat, of which we got a few, and the same locality 


produced a few jEtokna grandU. By thin time the woodlnod piUbs 
were quite gloomy, and stealing along tbem ^. oi/anaa waa taken. 
Ad unusual capture on the way home was O. ainea flying along the 

On the following morning we reluctantly bade adieu to our good 
friends at Uheinau and proceeded to Cbur, whence we drove to 
Lenzerbeide, a health resort, iiituated between C^burwalden and 
Tiefencastel, at an elevation of about 4800 feet. Here we remained 
until July 18tb. It looked an excellent locality for Neuroptera, 
poB»e»«ing a fine lake, the Heidsee, and an abundance of running 
waters. The weather which had been hot and cloodless in the low 
country, changed when we reached the Alps, and for a day or two 
thunder storms and heavy rain prevailed to a d^ree that was rather 
depreaeing. In the fitful gleams of sunshine we saw few dragon- 
flies ; odd examples of Somatochlora, a ? iS. aipestrit being taken, 
Orthetrum ooBruleioena, Libellula quadrimaoulata, LeueorrMnia dubia, 
and Enallagma eyathigerum. These gave very little promise of what 
wo* in store for us. Finally, after a terrific storm, the morning 
broke cool and cloudless, giving promise of a fine day. The forenoon 
will long be remembered. A stretch of bt^gy land on the side of the 
Btream, just after it leaves the lake, was found to be alive with 
Sotnatoeklora, and here during the next few days beautiful series of 
S. alpeitrU and S. arctica were caught. On the quiet portion of a 
lateral streamlet and at the lake a few S. metallica were found, but 
here this species was scarcer than the other two. jEtchna juneea 
proved to be common also, and Cordulegailfr annulatui was seen 
during the last two days, but it was still rare,aud I failed to get more 
than one <^. 

Our next move wae over the Julier Pass to 8ilvap)ana. We had 
no difficulty in making uut, from the excellent maps with which 
Dr. Kis had provided us, where the most likely localities wore to be 
found. CroBstng to the other side of the Silvaplana See and going 
through the woods in the direction of Oampfer, we soon found the 
LeJ Nur, and here and on the marshes surrounding it we discovered 
once more the haunts of the lovely alpine Cordulinea. Somatochlora 
netalUca was particularly abundant and an easy capture as it hawked 
round the mat^ins of the lake. An interesting form of Caloptetyx 
iplendena occurred rarely here, very similar to that which I found at 
i>igQe,and much closer to the southern form than the one occurring 
about Zurich. ^. juncea was exceedingly common, and was noticed 
even at the Hannen See (7000 feet), the only dragon-fly seen there. 

Dig zee. y Google 

85 [PaUurr, 

still more productive than Lej Nair waa another amaller lake at a 
somewhat lower level near Camprer. S. areiica and alpettrit were not 
taken there, although they may quite well occur, but S. metalliea, 
L. dubia, ^. juneea, Agrion puella and hagtulatum, and £!. ct/aiktgmm 
(the last two being bIbo found at Lej Nair) were all more or less 
abondant. In the woods Sympetrum meridionale and S. ttriolatwn 
were frequently seen ; and one day near Silvaplana I believe I s»w 
P. depretium. The only species which should have been found aod 
was not, was JE. ecerulea, wbich was taken by Mr. McLachlan at the 
StaatEer See. It must surely be much rarer in the Alps than in the 
boreal parts of Europe. 

At Silvapl&na our dragon-fly hunting ended. We went on to 
Maloja and Chiavenna on the 25th, and after visiting Como proceeded 
over the Spliigeu to Tbusie, thence home by way of Zurich and Basel. 
Excepting a Cordulid noticed flying about the pier at Varenna aod a 
few examples of Sympetrvm in the Val Bregaglia and elsewhere, no 
more dragoD-flies were seen. 

The total number of species observed on our journey waa 46. 
The first rush of dragon-fly life was over before we reached Switzer- 
land. Brachytron pratonte bad absolutely disappeared, the Libellula* 
and Leucorrhiniag were practically over, while the time of Sympetntim 
and Lettei had not yet fully come. One or two additional apeciea 
might have been obtained by visiting special localities, but we were 
well content with the results which could scarcely have been achieved 
if we had not bad the good fortune to be under such experienced aud 
painstaking guidance. The following is a complete list of the species 

Lneorrhiuia fctoralit, Chup. ; L. dubia, TiDdsrl. ; L. ati^^ont. Barm. 
SgmpatrMm itriolatmm,ClhaTp,i S, tiuridiomUt, de B&jt ; S./oiucol9miii,de B6\ja t 
S, tangminnm, H&ll. g 8. leoliema, DonoT. Plattlram lUprgtnm, L. LibtUmla 
qvadriauiMilala, L. i L. f»lva, MdU. Orthttram aeruletetiu, F. g O, brummnm, 
FotD. I O. oaaetUatum, L. Cordalia aaaa, L. Somatoehtora aitlallioa, Tandert. ; 
B, atpMtrit, da 8*lji g S. Jlavomaeulata, Tandori. g S. aretiva, Zett. Omfclk«ffom- 
]iiB« HKcaist, Obarp. i O. /orvipaliu, li. Ophiogompkui itrpmtinia, Cbarp. &om- 
pimt mtlgatinianu, Ii. g O. pulc^tllmi, de BAja. CordnUgatttr amnlaint, Latr, 
Anaa iatj>«raier,liB»oii.; A.partktnope,Ae%S\.jt. ifiWiu qioiMa, Hull. ; X.Jumeaa, 
L. i ^.ffraMdUi'L, ; ^fi. udim^, Mull. CalopUrgx; C. iplndtnt, SmniM. 
Letlai dryof, Kbj. g L. tp^iua, Hana. Ptatganemu peiaipat, FBltsa. Srgthromma 
■qf(u, HwiB. Pyrrkotoma nifn^kula Suli, g P. ttiieUmiH, Till. Iiekamra eltgamti 
Tuiderl. EtaliagauK^atkigenm, Charp. Agrion pitlekelUm,V^oA»iLi A.putlla, 
D. I A. iatlalatnm, Obarp. t >Qd Neialenmia ipecionm, Obsrp. 

,9 lizeflDy Google 

In the Ent. Mo. Mag., 1896, p. 261, Mr. Cbampion predicts the 
eventual discovery of Sihanus mereafor, Fauv., in Britain. Re baa 
recently identified some epeeimens which I received from Mr. B. A. 
Atmore as this species. It may easily be recof^Dised from 8. turina- 
meniie, L., by the small size of the temples, which are two-thirds of 
the diameter of the eyes in the latter species, whereas they are only 
one-fifth in S. meroafor. 

A dichotomouB table of the genus will he found in the article 
cited above. My specimens were found in n bakery at King's Lynn, 

abetter : Jamiaiy, 1906. 

BY THB or. HON. LORD WAIflKOHAM JI.A., LL.D., P.R.S.. *c. 
( CoiUiimed from Vol. XL, f>. 278). 

3010 : 1.— SiHHOCA PONBBIAS, *p. M. 
A»isn*ae broimiBh fasoous. Palpi white, the madiftti joint aaffuwd with 
broirniih fiuoous eitemallj neorl; to its apai. Etad hoarj white. Thorax paU 
aream; oohreoui. Fotemit^t pale cream; oohreom, aprinkled ipanel; with mtt* 
brown scales, with thiee groapa of brooniah fuioou* ualea along the ootUt and one 
befowe the apex j the flnt costal spot is at the bate, with a nut-brown dot at it* 
lower edge ; the eeoond at one-third, rather triangular, with a imall nut-brown spot 
St its apex ; the third at two-thirds, a little bejond a. ruat-brown tranaverve streak 
It the end of the cell, below which ia another rust-brown spot on the dorsam, a 
amaller one Ijing just below the middle of the fold ; the base of the pale oehrooos 
cilia is also dusted with rost-brown bejond the apical faaoous ^M>t. Exp. al., 
12—13 mm. Hindiei»gt cilia and Abdomta mther dark gre;. Lt^i whitish 

Type, (J (96348). Mus. Wlsm. 

Bah. z ALGEEIA — Hammam-es-Salahin, 18.IV-17.V.1908. 
Three specimens taken on the bills above Hammam-es-8alahin in early 

Closely allied to tofosella, Bbl., but distinguished by its wbit« 
head, its more rusty coloured forewings and less conspicuous spots. 
3043 : I. — Symhoca Calidella, ip. n. 

AnUiHiam pale jellowiah oohreouB. Palpi dull white, smeared eitemallj, 
nnrlj to the apex of the median and on the l<rminal joint, with pale brownieh 

Dig tizedoy Google 

foKoiu. Htad and Tiorax doll whits. Forttaingi dall white, minntal j •prfnklcd 
and spuMl; (potted with pale browniiii luiooui i the ill-defined (pot* are tottati 
bj BggTeKation of the othetwUa loatteTed pale fueooiu uale* and are, firat • am^i 
■tresk at the hw of the ooata, reduplicated below and be7ond ; leooDdlj a uib- 
roatal ipot at otm third, then a spot at the end of the oell, preceded b; »nB m littie 
beyond the middle ot the fold, with another, aubooatal, a little before tha apei ; 
there are one or two marginal dota before the dirtj white eilia which are alw 
•lightly dusted. Exp. al., II — 12 mm. Hindviagt and cilia browniab gray. Al- 
dom«» browniih grej. Lagi dirtj white. 

l]/pe, ^ (96643) ; $ (9654(i). Mua. WIsm. 

Sah. : ALQBRIA— HammKro-eB-SaUhiD. L3.IT— 18.V.1903 ; 
Biekra, l.l-S0.TV.Ifl08. Twelve Bpecimens. 

Although in genera) appearance this epecies doee not look dit. 
tinct and cannot eaoil; be aepBrated by dewription from e/rdetfislU. 
Z., and tpartella, de Joann , it is more robust than the former mai 
Wks the median fascia, and it is a mnre chalky looking ape<He8 witfa 
greyer markingn than the latter. It ia really quite distinct when 
aeries of vaeh are compared. 

3048 : 2. — STinfOCA oblitkrata, tp. n. 
Anttnnat hoary grey. Palpi hoary whitr, duMed with greyish foeoooa. Bni 
hoary irrej. Thorns hoary whitish, dusted with' greyish fusooua. For^teingt hoaij 
greyish white, probisely speckled with greyish fuaooDs throagbout, thii is for Ibc 
moat part erenly distributed, bat a line along the centre of tlie wing appears lo br 
somewhat less obscured by the dark speckling, while a reduplioated trmniTenespotil 
the eod of the cell ia slightly indicated, a plieal and another discal spot soaroely \* 
be detected, their poasible position being shown only by a elifht inereaae of tbs 
dark dusting in eaoh place ; cilia hoaiy grey. Bxp. al^ II — 13 mm. Bimdmiugt 
broniy grey, with brownish cinereoos cilia. Ahdomtit bron^ greyish fnaeotia, aaaJ 
tuft paler. Ltgt boary greyish. 

fype, (f (96534). Mus. Wlsm. 

Bah.: ALGERIA.— Biskra, 25.111— 2 IV.ldOdi Hammam-ea- 
Salahin, 8- 23.1 V.IIXW, 17.V.1903. Thirty-one epecimens. 

Fliea low in the early morning on rather bare ground. It htu 
much the appearance of Eremiea taharae, but ia of a greyer colour 
and without any indication of triinavcrBe markings, its shading, if 
any, being always longitudinal. 

3043 : 3.— Stuuoca uolitob, (p. n. 
Anfemmu pale br«wiriah, hoary whitish towards the baae. Pafpi hoary whiliih, 
the median joint ahaded with black below towards ila apei, the terminal with i 
black annulation before il< apei. Head and Thorax hoary white, the latter with s 
black spot posteriorly. Foreulnfft rather narrow, elongale, tapering to an obtusely 
roanded apei ; hoary white, proroscly sprinkled with black a'oms which hat* ■ 
tendency to run in lines, eapecially along the upper edge of the cell, and froai the 

oell outward lo the apei and tennen ; cilia browniah white. Ssp. oL, 15 mm- Siitd- 
iel»ff' shining, brownish grej ; oilia ihining. pale brown. Abdoauit browniah grej 
&t the baae, ahading lo pale brown poateriorlj. Ltgi psie browniah einereona. 

7)/pe, ^ (96548). Mu». Wlam. 

Rob. ■■ ALGERIA - El-Kantara, 27.1V. — 22. V. 1903. Three 

Perhaps most nearly allied to obliterata, but it ia a larger speciea. 

311.— APKOAEREMA, Dmt. 
= • ANACAXpaia, Stgr.-Bbl. (nee Crt.). 

2S40 : 1, — A?ROAHREUA EONABIELLA, tp. It. 
Aat«a»a» black, with pale ochivoiu annuUtiona not meeting on the upper aide. 
-Palpi pale oehrooai, with two black linea along the terminal joint throughoat. 
Head dark grojiah fuaraua { face ochreoua. Thorax black. Farevitgi black, 
aporwij aprinkled with pate ochreoua acalea, which are alightlj grouped in the fold 
a little beyond it* middle and on the dint aboTe and bejond ; at the outer third of 
tlie wing-length ia a atraight, elearlj dellned, pale ochreoua (ucia, it* outer edge 
somewhat jagged i cilia amok; brown, with »ome black >«alea projecting in their baae.,\9 mm. Hiudmingi groj, with a browniah tinge ; cilia amokj brown. 
Ahdomaa amok; ruacona. Leg' browniah fua^oua, with two tibial and foar taraal 
pale ochreoua annulationa. 

l^e: ? (96464). Maa. Wlsm. 

Hab. ; ALGERIA— Batna, 1.V.1903. Unique. 

A very diatinct apeciea. 

2S40 : 2.— ArnoABEEUi uitrella, *p. n. 
AMmnat (itaooaa. Palpi hovj white, tipped with Uaok. Btad and bee 
bear; grej. Tkoraai bron^ fuaoona. Fomeingt elongate, aontelj lanoeolatei 
bronij futcona at the baae, darkening to deep browniah fuacoua lowarda the middle, 
olearl; and atmightlj defined along I he inner edge of ■ white tninavene faacia,aome- 
what expanded outward from the dorauni lo the ooatag bejond thia the dark 
browniah fnacona colouring ia continued to the apel with bright ihining pale atcel- 
gre^ aealea, each tipped with black, radiating outwarda along the margina at the 
ban of the brownish gre; oilia. B»p. al., 10 mm. Bindmingi leaden grej ) cilia 
pale browniah grej. Abdomen dark leaden grey, with pale anal tuft. Log* whitiab) 
theenda of the tibiae and the terminal jointa of the tarai banded with browniah 

Tifpt, S (96467). MuB. Wlam. 

Hab.: ALGERIA— Biekra, 23.111 ; ELEantara, 22.IV.I908i 
Hanmutin-ee-Sat&bin, 13.IY.I904. Three apecimene. 

Has much the appearance of acanthyllidit, but ia a little lai^r 
and darker. 



2847 : 1.— Apboasrrua acanthtt.lidib. . 

Antaimae white beneath, black ipeckled «ilh whJM aboie ; bual joint (lightly 
flstlened and enlartied. Palpi wbite. H»ad and face whilp. Thorax nli*e-bTown. 
ForttBiiigt pale oiite brown at the baae, shading U> brownish fusoou* a little bejond 
the middli", where this colour is abriiptlj leniiinated b; a atrnight whitiih ochreom 
fiiRoia. narrow on the dorsum, wider and somewhat. diffnaeH oillward ahoie it to the 
ooftai lhi« Tascia is of varjing intensilj, nnd in some rnriBtie* is almost entirely 
obliterated by a suSanon of the blackish scales which i)redoininale nsuallj bejond 
it on the apieal fourth : the black scales in ordinary Tarielies are sprinkled thickly 
on oliTS-brawn, and aooompanied by shining steely melalHo scales, eaoh tipped with 
blaok, which eltend through the base of the grey oilia. Exp. a/., 8-9 mm, Jiitrf- 
tein^f with produced apei and deeply eicised term en ; pale bluish grey j eilia 
brownish grey. Abdomen brownish grey, Ijtgi shining, brassy whitish, with a 
fusoous band at the end of the hind tibiae. 

Type, (? (89469) ; ? (89475) ; var. J (89*70). Mua. WUm. 

Hab.: ALGERIA-BiBkra, 5.T1.18fl7, l-30.III.1894. 19-29. P, 
lH9i (Eaton) ; 20.11— 9.III. 1903; El-Kantarn, 5.V. ; HammHtn.eB- 
SalBhin, 23.111— 25,IV. 1904, 14.V.1903 ; Larwn AMntkyllU tragacan- 
iUidet. 5.1. eicl. 6-15.111.1904; 17.IV. eicl. 12,V.I904 (JT/jwm). 
Forty -one specinieiiB. 

This Bpeciee is abundant, and widely diBtributed among isolated 
plants of AcnthyllU tmgaeanthoidea, from vbi'ch I have 8inc*e bred 
it ; there would appear to be at leaBt two broods. Mr. Eaton first 
met with it in 1894. 

It iB closely alb'ed to eapHwlla, Z., but difFen in the outward 
widening of the fascia. 

The genna Aprvaerifma is described as having in the forewings 
" 6 sometimes out of 7 near base " (Meyr., Butck.). This definition 
would exclude aeanthglUdit (and perhaps other species) in which 6 
is emitted from ihe stalk of 7 and 8 near their furcation, moreover in 
BOtne specimens {e. g., 5854) 19 is sometimes connate with (U+7-f 8) 
or even stalked with them — thus, in this species at least, vein 9 is 
variable, being emitted from the radius before the end of the cell, 
connate with, or out of (6+7+8). In the bindwings 2 and 3 are 
connate from tbe end of the cubitus above wbich the cell is open ; 
part of the discoidal occurs above^lower media, emitting 5 angularly ; 
6 and 7 are stalked from radius to near apei. At first one would 
have felt inclined to make this species the type of a new genus, but 
it seems wiser to sligbly extend the definition of .if/)rooer«ma to in- 
clude such species as are obviously in a plastic condition, the variation 
being individual, not special. 

Dig lizeflDy Google 

2S47 : 2. — Aproaehbua tradualba, tp. n. 
Aatenaa blackUh, sprinkled with white. Palpi smooth, white, terminal joini 
oa long as the mediun, with two slender linea at blacli scales throughout its length. 
Bawd grejiih white ; face shining white, norax eream-whita, shadod with NmI- 
gr«7. FoTtnin^ shining ooppet-brown, with a broad orewit-irhite «o«tal ptttb 
from the baaa naarlj to the middle, pivduoed outward at it* lower eitrentitj Mart; 
to the outer eiid of the told, its attenuated apex not reaching the dotauin ; at the 
outer third a bniad transTerse cream-white fascia, throwing an anjulat^d projection 
outward at its middle, and attenuated to the dorsum before the tomus, its inner 
edge clearly deflned and slightly outward-ouned ; beyond it the coppery brown 
terminal area ia thickly itndded with brilliant st«el-like scales, each narrowly tipped 
with jet-black, many of these project into the dull leaden grey oilia (rscalling the 
form of the neck feathers of a 'jTAaamaZea). Eip. al., 8-9 mm. Hindwii^ aa 
broad m the forewinga, the apex much produced from the deeply eiciaed termen ) 
whitish grey g cilia pale brownish grey. AbJomea shining steel-grey. Ltgi white, 
with slight taiMl spots, a single fuaooui spot on the outer side of the titUM. 

Type, <J (96504). Mm. Wlsm. 

Sab. : ALGERIA— Hanimam-eB-8&lahin, Larva Attragalut gom- 
ho, lO.Iir— 27.rV. eicl. 15.IV.~U.V.1904 ; 15.V. eicl. 1-13.VI.1903, 
Ten apecimflns. 

TlitB very distinct epeciea agrees with aoanthglfidii in emitting 6 
anil 9 of tbe fnrewinga from the atalk of 7 -f 8. 
fTo bt eontimtd). 


I am again ab|p to record a good number of interesting species 
taken in the County during the past seaaon. For these 1 am indebted 
to the following eorreiipond<;tits, who have sent me lista of tbe rarer 
species taken by them and the localities in which they occurred. The 
Kev. A. P. Waller records raptures at Hemley near Woodbridge, 
Mewn'. H. Lingnoml at Needhani Market and Dunwieb, Claude 
Morley at Barham and Blakenham, A. E. Qibbe at Orford. and Dr. 
Crowfoot near Beccles. Mrs. Mann, of Bungay, haa sent me a full 
list of all the speciea met with by her in 19(H at Bungay and Flixton, 
and has also sent a list of the rarer apeciea which had been taken by 
her in previous years, thus adding considerably to the Cuunty List. 
Both Mr. Walter and Mrs. Mann have made |>reat use of their moth 
traps, and hnve taken many good indects in them. 

Mr. 0, fl. Barrett, bb usual, tiBs most kindly confirmed or deter- 
mined most of the Micros, Mr. Waller having sent him all that 
seemed doubtful; while be has also determined various species for 
Mrs. Manu, 


42 llWiniBT. 

Of the Htt«roBira I need onlj mention Aekerontia atropoi.Xi., at Holloslej, 
Spiiax pUattri, L., bred b; Hrv. Mann (rom ota receiTed Trom Aldringhsni, *Dei- 
tapkila livomUra, Eap., taken at Peliialove, September lit, b; O. P. Qopn, E«J-, 
HaTering Orange, Bomrord, it had spparentlj jiut emer^ from the pups, Ckaro- 
tampa poreellia, L,. at Bemle; and Bungaj, *Nola ceiUonalit, Hb., one at light st 
Hemlej, July 21st, N. ttrigula, Schiff., at Fliiton, aii apeciment in 190£, Z>iUM*a 
quadra, L., at Loweiloft, and Fetaiia eattiiua, Hb., at Bunga;. 

Th* tarec Soctux to be recorded are •Lmeaniafavieolor. Barr., ■ beautiful 
■peoimen of the l«d Tariety taken at Hemley, September light. Hr. Waller 
flrrt met with it in IB93, and took nveral in I9»l, but it wa* then eapposKd to be a 
red form of L. palleni, and wae not recorded. L. obiolela, Hb., Needhan Market, 
NoHogria gamiiupunela. Hatch., three at augar at Hemlej, Cltaraat gramiiat, L., 
eareral on ragwort Sowers bj daj at Orford, Snria retienlata. Till., two at augar 
at Hemley, Mtana areuoia, Haw., Bunga;, Agretit agathina, Dnp,, Dnnwich, 7Vu- 
elita piniperda, Eip., Hemic; and Needham Market, 'Batgeampa ntbigitaa. P., 
two at Needham Market in the spring. Spring Soetux »eem to haTe been rather 
plentiful at aallowi. Tetiea rttma, L., Bungaj, Auf^st 9th. in the moth trap, 
DianlkiK!iairoiuperta,'Etp., tavern} at Bungay and Lowcsloll, 'Pliuia montta, P, 
one in the garden at Bangaj, this apeciea waa taken aome jears ago at Batliaford, 
bat waa not recorded, F.fttluete, L., in abundance in Mr*. Mann's garden, Calotala 
franni, L., p. 266 aatt, and Toxocampa paiUnam, Tr., at Lowestoft. 

Of the Otomatra the beat are PerteatUa lyringaria, L., aereral at Hemlej. 
asualW rare, Ennomoi /useaniaria. Haw., Kecdham Market, Aeidalia enmtaria, 
Hb., one, and Cergeia taminata, W. T., in plenty, both at Bungaj, EapilhMia 
vtHotala, F., lame in the heads of Bladder Campion at Hemlej, also at Bungaj, 
Lobapiora eiretata, Hb., Hemlej, August 13th, CamplogrammafiMBiata, Hb-. Julj 
Z2nd, and AiUicUa dtrivata, W. V., both at light at Bangaj, Coremia qmadrifaiic'- 
aria, L., screral at Hemlej, neuallj verj scarce there, Cidaria tagitfata,Y., Bungaj, 
C. pieala, Hb., several, and Bvbolia Hneolaia, W. T., one in the moth trap at 

Pgralidtt — Pgralit eoHalit, F., at Bungaj. CUdaohia aiiguHalii, W. V., at 
Orford, Aeaniropwi nivent, Olii., two, June Sth. and ^Seoparia rerlaea. Haw., in 
1902, at Bungaj. 

Pftrophori — Platgptilia gonodaetgla, Sohiff., and LaiaplUtu tUnigianut, Zell., 
at Hemlej, and L. mierodactglui, Hb., at Bungaj. 

Cramii—'Crambiu alpiitellai, Hb.. one at light, and C.fal4elliu.'W.Y.,*t 
Hemlej, the latter aleo at Bun^j f Sehanoh'itt forficgUm, Thumb., 3. miteroiiellmt, 
F., W. T.. in numbers in moth trap, Shodopkxa foranta. Haw., and EpJittlia 
fteuUlla, Barr., 1901, all at Bangaj ; fi. mamorea. Haw., Hemlej, one at light, and 
five at light at Bungaj, S. tiKiMlta, Zinek., and B. advetulla, Zinok., also at 

Torttivtt — ToTtria dinertana, Hb., one at Hemlej, *Leptogramoia literana, 
L., a Bne grej Tariety at Bungaj in 1903, Ptronea eomparana, Hb., Bereral at light, 
and Spil-oaota lariciaaa, Zetl., at Hemlej, SericorU tannana *ar. *ierbatia, On., 
at Becptci, and Orfhota^nia anHquana, Hb.. nnt uncommon at light at Bungaj, O. 
tlrianit, W. V.. at llemle;, Pieduea tnrdidnaa. Kb., nt Ruheut, Retinia piitieolara, 
Db!,, at Orford, Dhhrommpka laturaaaa, Qn., aaii Eap/eeiUa veeliiaiia, Weslw., 


HHI6.] 48 

Sj'ing abundant!; one afternoon in Ilic salt maralie», at Ilomlrj, *E. geyeriana, 
M.-a., £. degrenata, HoLavb., a<iil * K. ei'UlU, lib.. V.HiS. all at Banga;. 

Of tho Tiaex I hare a ([n™l li-l, of which many aiv nuw U) the Count;. *Kpi- 
grofiMa ileUtellneriaini,SMB., nt liiingftj, 19il2 and IWI3, •I'tgcht {Epicioo- 
j/leryr. relutUa, Newm.. noticed Wy Mr. Wallor among Marram grass near tho riter 
ut ilunilpj in 1903 and again tlii» yi'ftr. a nolsble spfcies ; 'Scardta afcalla, ¥., at 
light at Ilenile; and at Itungay. T-«ta lii/iella, lib., Bun^y und Sbadingflold, nuar 
Ufc-clcs, T. irmifulrelta, [lav., und SttNimmerdsm.a cwnplella. lib., at UDinlcy, 5. 
tpiniell-i. lib., at Bungay, ' Piftelln i-iirrei-telta, L., tbe palu green lurra were 
ahuixlaiil feeding on tliu Sweet Kcicket in the Rectory Garden at Hemley, tho niotha 
IK June ami August, alio at Bungny, * JlgpoBomesta piginli/ninelalui, Roti., Bungay, 
?CTi'ml ill the niuth trap. I!>U1-U4, *Ane'ychia dtttmnulleHa, lib., 1901. "Ilarpip- 
Urgx •fakrtlla,L.yl9ll2,*Ortholelia tfarsamtta, Thun., 1901-1)8, *Dtpre4toria 
i/eatiaKu, F., »D. pulr&erfimella, Stii., at Bungay, Oelrchia aiKtcoieUa, Zell., 
Borcici, 1903. a. iBniehmia) muuffelella, Scbiff.,and •Q. {LUa)fraleriieU<i. Duugl., 
a1 UuiigB)-, a. ( leleia) fugilieella, Zell., at HemlBy, "O. (Doryphoi-u) l»UU»tiUa, 
Zi-ll., and a. lieuioUlla. Tr., Bungay, <?. ( San,odia) kermaixMa, Fb., Uenitey und . 
Blukonhom phalk pit. G. (Ceralaphora) .-vfeiceaf. Haw., and Chelaria hUntrtlla, 
Don., at light, at llcniley nnd Zun^J , ' Arsgrenthia mendica. Haw,, Elarham antl 
Buiigaj,"jl. rtiri»//o, L.,»Co/Bo;'*or3 /airio;B//o,Vill., in the moth trap, both in 
ItKiS, and *Lamr<ia oehraceelia. Curt , at Bungay, tile Ulter also at Oribrd, Chrg- 
toelgtla flaticapal. Haw., nnd ElaehUta taticomelta, ZbH., at U<-niley. 
The species niorke.l • are new to the Suffolli List. 

Leaeania facU-otor, Barr., and BpU-hiioptergx nticalla, Ntam., in Saffollc. — 
Tile late Mr. Barrett had intondod to >und a special iioto on ths oltensioii of 
locality of tliese two species in Suffolli, but was pr«renled by his last illness ; (bis 
ho WW about to do, " because imconio faricoior liaa only been found in 9. B. 
SutEolil and N. K. Essei, where these caiinties join, while b'pifhnvpleryx rtlietlCa 
has occurred from Deron to Essei, but not hitherto in Suffolk or Norfolk." As 
Mr. Walter took his specimen of L./atifolor on September lOtb it would ieem 
that there was probably a second brood ; his former captures were made in June 
and were large specimens.— E. N, Blooxfibld, Questling Rectory : Dte., 1904. 

SqUi 01 a lighl-lrap in Strl/vrd^liire.^Vfith reference to Mrs. H. B. Mann's 
nolo (amle, p. 10) on a moth-trap used at Ditchliiighani, Suffolk, 1 may montiou 
that SI recorded in tlie Entomologist from time to time, t hare used a trap here far 
sums yean. Since 1698 1 hare designed and con9trucl«d four traps, the present 
one being an improroment on ail the others. Like the " Mandoir " mine is Dot 
flttsd with any killing apparatus, so that any gpecimeDS not required can be 
libetrnted in the morning. 

At this one locality I haie captured by tliis mesne o'er 300 different tpecieB of 
Lipiiaptera (including only a few Tines w I hare not worked that group), com- 
prising * Sphinget, 29 Bombgret, 109 Kocltie, W Qeomelrie, 70 Pgralidti, Crambi, 
Tortrittt, &o. 

Dig lizedoy Google 

4i (FsbrauT. 

Uj trmp U filled to u fint Hoor window, about li ft from the ground and 
facing (ouUi-weat-. In this diraation Ibe ground alopea amj from the houte, and 
bejond Uw garden tliete are aevenl Siilds and then woods. 

Tb« want. o( succsm witli Mnie tntps ia I hat tlie; aie placed 14M> near Uie 
ground. I do not Ihink that SO ft. would be too high for the majoritT of specici. 
The Mffii should of course be u strong as poanible. I ganerall; use a large duplei 
lamp with strong reflector. 

On one occasion I captured Ofer fift/ apecimens of Aiehoalit Utmota in a 
single night, most of which were of course set free in the morning. 

Among the bettor species taken the following maj be named : Ci(srocampa 
porcelUu, SarotXripat uadnlantu, Sglophila bicolorana, Ijithoria grutola, Tri- 
aluura eratxgi, Lanocampa quervifolia, Drepaaa lactrtala, D. biitaria. Solo- 
doHta dietatidf, i'fpxra dtrttta, nj/atira balU, Dipterggia icabriiaaila, Lnpt- 
rium CMfUit, Apamta gemina, A. nnanimu, A. ophiogramma, AgrotU pitta, 
A. (n'MTM, A. porphgrta, Txtlocaiapagraeilit, Ortluuia niptela,* Xarlkia gUeage, 
Calgtunia pgralima, C. diffinu, C. afftuit, Sadeiut genUta, Atleronoput wpkuue, 
Pluiia mo»tla, P. pulchrita, Arantia JUtmla, Enryattite dolohraria, I'erieaUia 
tj/rixgaria, StUnia lunaria, Oeumeira papUionaria, Spi'odtt paUali;' Aciptilia 
ipilodaelgliH, Cramtua gtsictiUut, Ettopitra pimgftit. PkgeU btlnl^ Shodapkea 
f^moia, S. advtnella, Mj/ponkalcia aheneila, Qallffia attlouella, Apkomia noritlla, 
PttUiiita ockro'eMca'a, Carpoeapia npUadana, Xaiitkotttia zagana, X. haatana, kc. 

The two marked with an asl«risk bare not been recordeil from aiij other 
localities in Hertfordehire. 

I shall be Ter; pleucid to compare notes and diagrams with an; oUier entonno- 
logiste who haTS had experience with motli-traps in other pans of the oounlrj. — 
Fbilip J. Barbaud, Buihe; Heath, Herts: Jamiarg 8rd, ID06. 

Tie aWltide of Salgnt nmeU al r«tl.—lu the summer of 1903 Dr. Dile; 
ealled my attention to the ohserTation by K. U. A. in " A Naturalist on the prowl " 
(p. SOB) that Jfetaailk) umme. Cram., a common Indian butterSy, often settled 
upon bllen leaTet and helped to conceal itself by falling partly on one side. Dr. 
Diley was anxious to see whether there was among allied butterflies any tendency 
to (ucb a habit upon which natural seleclion might work. Careful watching Satgm 
teunU s&Usfled us that it settles upon thp ground " in three motiona " — (1) Ibe 
wings are brougbt together over the back ; [2) the fore-wings are drawn between 
the'hind-wings, BO a« to be for the most part concealed i (8) the whole intact it 
thrown orer to one aide to tlie extent of 3U°, 4if, or even sometimea &u°. Tbey 
appeared to go over to right or left indifferently. 

Subsequently 1 imprisoned a number of butterfliet in a large pasteboard box 
coTered with a piece of glass. Under these oondiliona 1 obserred tliat sometimea 
the third of the above deacribed motiona precedes the eecond. The iniecta asaume 
til* aideWAya attitude or " list " more frequenllj when aettled in aunthioe than in 
alwdow — of Ibis I am oertain. This attitude ia mentianed in Batrett's L^i4optn* 
(lol. i, p. 236). 

Other Satyrida were obaerred in the aanie box. Spinepktle janira oftaa put 
on a list ef l-'<° to 20° ; Parmrge mgeria and tit»gara sometimes showed a " Ual " of 
25°, Lsitly, during ^e aamaier of I9(M scTaral K. hj/penmliMi, wlran in the bat, 
showed a " lilt " of about 20° 

,9 lizeflDy Google 

U; oWnrntions on Indian Satjridi will be found in t, paper read before the 
EnUnnologint Societj of London, DKcauihor 7t1i, I9J4, wtiich will I hope appear in 
tha TranncLiona for 190j.— O. B. LoHOHTirr, UIglilaiida, I'utiwy Heath, 3.W. i 
Jvw»7 nii, 190S. 

Sarpalmt ditBoidtat, F., and Melaeat paraJoxut, L., at LetgUon BtuKinl. — 
la a raomt nomber of the Eat. Ho. Hag. (April, 1001), Uio capture of a Uaok J, 
Emflaa ditooiiltiu, ia recorded bj Hr. Jvoninga from Braadoo. 

Aa baaiing upon the Tariation in the colour of the male of tliia rare beetle, M 
>ell aa for otlMr conaiderationa of intomat, it ma; be well to give a few partioukra 
af ita appearance here. 

During the paat Jul;, AuRuat, and September, I Inve auceoeded in taking in 
tlH neighbourhood twentj-fvur eiaraples of the S , togethur with which 1 waa 
pNHnt when two or three more were laken b; ui; brother, Ur. L. &. Crawahi^j, 
uid it ia interesting to note that all without etception were bright green in colour. 
Ncr doea Canon Fowlar in hii " Britiih Coleoptcra " nienliun the black farm of 
tim g, I maj add that $ a occurred in about equal proportion! to the J a, together 
iDKnintiiig to 6flj apeeimeni. I do nob know whether U, ditcoidtMi lua preTioual; 
bean recorded from thia part of Bedfordahire, though Canon Fowler mantioni 
Wohnm, 9 milea dialant, and Sand;, on the other aide of the eoiint;, aa localitiea. 

Aa to ita habitat here, it aeema to be partial to a eultiratad landj soil rather 
than bealha and poor aand; phcea, for, although m; acarch for it had prerioual; 
haen diraotod eepecaall; toward* the latter, two a|ieoimeni onl; oeourred then, 
«Ue th* ramaiader ««Te taken on the bordera of three different ploo^ied delda in 
rtieh tlae remaini of ra*nure were Tiaibla, and which were oocupied at tb« l*Die bj 
onpa sT a late potato. Mr. C. O. Watarhouae kindl; looked orer half of theae 
■pcdmena and confirmed them. 

Of Mataeat paradox*; L., one apecimen, a 3 , beat«n from a birch buah b; m; 
brother, Ur. L. B. Crawaha;, on September 3rd, 1902, rereated the preaenoe of thia 
qMcis* of beetle ia the neighbourhood of Leighton Buuard. 

Id 1908 further caaual beating waa without auooeH. Thia ;ear 1 rcaolred to 
■Mteh for it in woapa' neata, and met with the following reaulta. 

Out of flxe neata examined, four ( Fatpa valsarU, Linn.), contained Mettmnu in 
CM *agt or anoAcT of ita eiiatence, together with lartn, pupte, and imagjnea of 

In the fifth neat ( Fetpa gtrmaxiea. Fab.) frooi whMi tha beetle waa abaent, all 
the eella but aii had been raoited b; the waapa, and naarl; all the comnuaitjr awe 
gem. The neata were aituated on the borden of a wood, within three quarten of a 
mila of each other, and of the phwe where Uie original g bad been diacoTered. 

The following particulan of theae oaata ma; be intereating :— 

Ooauauslt;. Deattnjiad. wupa pnaanL praaeut. 

r 1 Urra. 

Ko. 1.— FMptt «a^art», Linn Sept. 20th GIG? M J 16 pups. 

Ho. 8.— reaps jaraxuHca, Fab Sept. 20th 160 None. 

iro.3.— rsipani^arw, Linn Oct. 4th 1500 9j efroSne* 

Ho. 4.— r«pa mfyoru, Linn Oat. 4th 800 1 pop>- 

Sa.h.~Vtapa^mlgarit,Um:t Get. 13th 9086 liioago. 

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46 [F«bnui7, 

Tn Boim; casen iiiBnj of the wupg Imd left Iho communily. and itilh lliem pre- 
•uiDsbl? nioat of llii! beutluB, tile latter being on llie wiiig eurlj in Si'ple ruber. The 
imsgines of Metacu' pn'Bont were oiiolosed in sealed celle.and «oiiie of Lliom leonwd 
to have been dead Hima time. Sot do I think there remained iiiiEci«nt warmth in 
the eeaeon to iloTelop an; of the pupie. 

On completing the digging out of llie iiearlj empty comb of Vetpa germaaiea 
on September 2!)lh. nine days afler the communil; had been doctrojed, I obaerred 
a beetle on the wing, whieh I reeogniied aa Melacat, hoToring round the trunk of 
an onb aloto to the waaps' nest. 1 knocked it down witli mj hat and captured it, 
a S . Uf brother then obaerred a ? on the aame tree. She was aesrching the bark 
with her oripo«itor and pauaed apparuiitl; to lay, though we did not aee any eggi, 
for the bark contained deep crerioea in which preaumably tliey would be hidden if 
then: were any. 'i'bia f my brother captured. 

On October jtli, on rciiailing the spot, 1 obaerred another ? Metaevt reiting 
on the Mime tree on whioii the flrat was taken Qio daya prerioualy. 

She did not appear to be layiny or making any movement. The day waa raid. 
Upon examination she appeared lo me to hnre laid iicr cgga already for the 
abdomen was rather small and contracted. She died two daya alVrwarde without 
laying in confineuiunt. 

It aeema likely tliat both those $ a laid at least a portion of tliair egtct on this 
tree, i.e., on living bark. Their cluae proiimity to the neat of Vapa gemtaniea would 
not be enough to eatablisli any connection between tlioui for, iOU yards away, was a 
neat of r«^ na/jrarw, in which JfefoMni was subsequently found, and whence the 
three beetles in question may hare oome. — Qsoboi A. Cbawshat, Leighton 
Bnuan] : Novtiuber !IM, 1901. 

Ttlratoma fttBgorum, F., at Sherwood FOrttL^ln the third week of October 
last I took a considerable number of tliis fungus-feeding beetle ; they all occurred 
either oii the under-side of BoUtt growing on birch, or in tlio root where the Boletmt 
joins the tree. All were found on this year's growth of fungi -, the most diligent 
•eareh, however, completely failed in finding any trace of cither larva or pupa in the 
old growth. Should this insect be a d<-Bideratutn of aity Colcopterial I shall be 
much pleased to supply epeoimena.— J. Eidboh Taylob, 36, South Avenue, Button : 
Dtctmitr 2ith, 1904. 

CliKoeara Mraloma, Thomi., in Derbgiiire.— On June llth, 1904, 1 beat oat 
of hazel, in Miller's Dale, a single speciuiea of thia rather uncommon tpeciei t on 
the lame day, also by beating hazel, an eiample of Palgdnutu mieaiu occurred to 
me. Of the former the only record for this district appears to be Bepton, Burton- 
on-Ti«Dt ((Jameys) ; and of the Utter, Bretby Wood, Reptau (Canon Fowler's 
Brituh CoUopUra).—lo. 

The flyht of Rhitotrogtt toMitialh, iiiia.— With regard to the flight ol 
BhUotrogiu loUtUialU, L., referred to by Dr. Norman Joy (aiUt p. 17) in his in' 
tereetiug contribution to our knowledge of the habits of the nuer S. oehraonu, 
Enoeh, I may mentiou that our commoner chafer also not iofreqaenUy Siea b; day 


and often tovarda the clou of the afternoon. In some ;eara, during June and Jutj 
'"Bummer eliafera" are »erj common in Knat Donel, and are eagerly chaaad bj 
puull Tj, whicli are ler; partial to Ihem, and Kioin become adepU in their oapture 
of them na llie insi^ela akim along a foot or ao above thu ground. I referred lo thia 
cirvumslance in not^s )o (I think) the " Naturaliat'a Journal," 1S99, and " Seienoe 
Gosaip," January, Id0<'. I am unaware whetlier tlie chafeis alio circle round trees, 
high up, as deacribed bj Mr. Joy, but they would probably be found to do ao. — 
E. J. B. SOFP: January, 1905. 

Limolellii ttnetoffata, FM., at Sgde. -Tba Minariik bualiea on the front at 
Ryde, I. W., oonlained thia species in tiie greatest profusion, aa I mu enabled lo 
obserro from September 2ath to October Oth this jaar, though a cursory eiamina- 
tjon of the same plant in limilar situations at Cowea on October Sth failed to reTeai 
a single indiiidnal. At the former locality the inaect eould be counted in its 
thousand* ; a thick hedge half a mile long was often corered with them, but their 
colour so well assimilated with that of their pabulum that they were quite incon- 
■picuouB. They often, I noticed, congregnte in groups of eight or ten, and were on 
seieral occjsions found in cop. ; one spider's web, an inoh and half in diameter, 
contained elcTen emmples. They appear to prefer the base of the outermost, 
though not the highest, shoots, and By fretly in the sunshine. On the later date, 
after a biting northerly broeie, their numbers were less, though their litality 
appeared to hare been but very slightly impaired. Hr. K. A. Butler, who Snt 
dcterted it in Britain (ef. Snt. Mo. Mag., 1902, p. 215), telle me that it was abso- 
lutely swarming where he found it, and that he eipecls it oooure in most places 
where tamarisk grows — though I huTC failed to find it in Suffolk. — Olafdb Uoblbt, 
Monks' Soham, Suffolk i December, lOOl. 

Seiitoetro' fureatu; Vill„ at duttlenden Sought. — Mr. Uorice, when kindly 
looking oTer my saw-flies a short time ago, detected a specimen of this rare insect, 
taken by me at Chattenden Boughs in June, 1896, but overlooked until now. As 
its present oocurrenoe in Britain has been doubted by him in his " Betp Notes " be 
asked me to record it. Uy specimen is a male. An aiample (male) of the other 
species {geaihatue, CKr.) was taken by Mr. Moriee himaelf thia apring when col* 
Iccting with me on hlay 26th. It was silting on the hedge in the valley below my 
house where so many rare insects have occurred. — A. J. Chitti, Faversbam i 
Ja»«ar!f Ut, 1905. 

Limaophilut elegant in the I»le of Man.— In a boi of Triehoplera recently sent 
to me for determination by Dr. B. T. Cassal, and taken by him in the Isle of Man 
during last season, I was delighted to see three specimens (all males) of the rare 
Limaopiilut elegant. Dr. Cassal had taken them near Ballaugh, in the northern 
part of the Island, during the first fortnight in June. Old recorded localities for 
the species are the New Forest and Delamere Forest, but in recent years it seems 
onlv to hare been taken at Rannoch, and there rcrj sparingly. Tte occurrence in the 
lale of Man is Tcry interesting.— G BO. T. Pobbitt, liuddoTsaeld : Jan. lHh, IBpS. 

Dig zec.yGoOg[e 

BiBMiHOHAH Bhtomolooicil Socibtt: Oetobtr 17M, 1904. — Ur. O. T 
Bsthchb-Bakbb, Freaident, in the Chur. 

Mr. J. T. Fountain ihowed Callimorpka dominvla, L., Trom Deron, and gan 
an Bccount of his difficultict in breeding Ihem. Though treated it) rarious irajs he 
failed to find anj way b; which to aiold getting tlie grtial«r portion cripple*. Bt 
also ahowed Latloeampa qatrniu, L., bred rrom Isrxe taken in Sutton Park io 
March and April. The; included light malei and alM dark ones, whU-h wen 
apparentlj Tar. eatlaax. Palm. ; alio there were two of the dark onea with vnj 
diaphanotu wings, though evidentlj perfect and with complete cilia to tbe winp, 
jet they looked a* if nibbed, owing apparently to deBcient loaling on tlw oaitr 
third of each wing. Hr. H. W. BIlia, a rolleotion of Rhj/neioplkora, &c., ■nd gsae i 
general aooonnt of Ibem, and rrierred to tlie local reoonla. Mr. R. C. Bradkj, 
Tkripiottra bUolor, Hg., three apecimena bred frnm Laitocttmpa gutrcUM har^ 
A«m Sutton PaA, bj Mr. W. H. WUIiamaon in 1904. 

Naeemier i^tt. ISOi.— The President in the Chair. 

Hr. A. H. Martineau eihibit«d from Hr. H. Stone, F.L.i^., a ooIlectiTe coooon 
made by aome Lepidoptenine larin. Information waa lacking a* to the apeoiea and 
iti place of origin. It conaiaUd of one Urge ooooon about 6' x 4', with a thi^, 
hard brown integument containing a conaideiable number of ordinair^ browa I 
«oooona maaaed inaide. The pupn were empty, but then waa no obTioua ntean* af ' 
aiit, and the interior waa oloaely packed with the material ol the ooooona ao that it 
wta not eaay to judge bow the mothe had emerged. Hr. B. S. Searle ahowed 
LtpiiopUra from rarioua looalitiea and a boi of foreign Caleopt*ra. The Re*. 
0. F. Thomewill read a paper upon " The Qenna EupUhecia, eapedall; in relatioii 
to Breeding them from the Lerrn." He had gireii apccial atUntion to the genua 
and had reaied a large proportion of the ipeciee at rarioua timet, and he gare a 
good deal of inlereating information about the life-liiBtories and habits of man; of 
the speeiea.— CoiSBAW 1. Wainwbioht, Eon. Secretary. 

Lavoukibs and Chbshibb BnoMOLooioAL Sooinr. — By tbe kinduM* of 
the Cheater Society of Natoral Science, an ordinary meeting waa held in the 
(DroaTenoT Hneeum, Cheater, on Uonday, Noreuiber Klat, 1904. Hr. Ricbabd 
WiLDiNS, Tioe-Preaident, in the Chair. 

The following gentlemen were elected Hembers of the Society : Ueatr*. C. H. 
Adana, F.C.8. (Southport), Rd. 8. Bagnall, F.E.S. (Winlaton-onTyne), J. H. 
Leyland (Onnakirk), W. C. Boyd (Cheshunt), John F. Diion-Kuttall (Preaoot), 
Rd. Hancock (Handaworth), and B. B. Lowe (Plymouth). 

Hr. Robert Newatead, A.L.3., F.R.S., Hon. F.R.H.S., gaie a moat intereating 
lecture on " The Collecliona in the Groarenor Huaeum," oopiouslj illustrated with 
lantern slides ; and, Ihmugh the kindness of Mr. Newatead, tbe whole of the 
Huaeum was open to the inapoctton of Members, and the more interesting eiMbita 
were explained by him. Amonget interesting exhibits examined during the evening 
were a liring apecimen of the mule of Lecaniam hetperidHin shown by Ur. Newstead. 
This he had recently bred from a colony of Coocids which had been under obawra- 

tioD for the pMt three or four jetn ; the eiample being the flnt aatbentio one 
obeerred, although the m»le had been ee»rched Tor •inoe the time of liminni. Mr. 
J. J. Eichudion exhibited a teiwi of eiotia Ltpidoptera mouoted in framee, with 
■lipe of glau lo onmnged aa to allow of the eiacnination of the undar-tides. Mr. 
J. R. CbnrDlej, F.B.S., showed 14 ipecicneoi of inseote in amber from the North 
Goaat of Oerman;, both the inseots and deamesa of eome of tbe piece* of amber 
being much admired. Attitotomajiirta from Onwby was exhibited by Mr. Wilding, 
and a aetwition of Britiah Lepidopttra by Mr. W. Manabridge, F.E.3., ic. -E. J. B. 
Sopp and J. B. le ToHUH, Son. Stcnlariet. 

EMToiioLoaiOAL SooiETr or London: Wediutday, Decembar "Jth, 1904.— 
ProfeMor E. B. PacLTDH, M.A.., D.Sc., F.B.S., President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Horace A. Byall, B.A., of the Colonial OMce, and Mr. J. C. Wititeracale, 
F.Z.S., of Eitrangan, Eedah, Penaog, Straits SettlemenU, were elected Feltowe of 
the Society. 

Mr. H. St. J. Donietborpe exhibited Qvtdiui aigrocceml&a; taken by Mr. H. 
O. Dollman in a rabbit hole at Ditohling, Suuex, this being the fourth recorded 
British specimen. Proleseor T. Hudson Beare, a speoimen of the mre Longicora, 
Trtropiam eaitaamim, L., taken about two yean ago in the lioinily of the quays at 
Hartlepool, and probably introduced. Mr. G, J. Arrow, a series of Pattalidx from 
the BoTchell Collection mentioned in hie paper reoenllj read before the Society, and 
remarked that Burchell had at tbe time of their capturo some eeventy years ago 
already noted their power* of producing a musical sound. Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, 
drawings prepared for exhibition in tbe Natural History Moseom illustrating the 
derelopment of the front wing in the pupa of the Tuiser Silk Moth, showing the 
relation of the trachew to the veins j also some cofFee berries from Uganda Injured 
by a small beetle belonging to the Seolytidar, aad two Coleopterous lams from the 
Burchell Collection from Brazil, submitted 1^3 him for determination by Prof. 
FoDltoQ. One was a Heteromerous lar*a two inehes long, much leeembliiig the 
larta of Selopi ; the more interesting one was noted by Burchell to be luminous, 
and appeared to be tbe larra of an Elaterid. Mr. J. J, Walker, the type-epecimen 
of Saplolhorau barohalli. Or. B. Waterhouse. (rom the Bops Collection, Oxford 
Univenity Museum, a remarkable Carabid discovered by Burchell in St. Helena) 
it is now exceedingly rare in its sole locality, the late Ur. Wollaston, during hia 
TJiil to the island In 1875-6, baring entirely failed to And the beetle alire, though 
its dead and mutilated remain* were often met with. The President, oases showing 
the results of breeding eiperimenle upon Papilio eaua conducted by Mr. G. F. 
Leigh, who hod for the first time bred tbe tropttoniKt form from trophoniui Itself) 
also a photograph, taken by Mr. Alfred Bobinson of the Oxford TJni*ersitj Museum, 
•hawing tbe Xylooopid model and ite Asilid mimio exhibited by Mr. B. SI Green 
■t a preiions meeting ; the example was particularly intereeting, inasmuch as Mr. 
Green's record of the mimio circling round its model tended to support the Tiew 
that tbe bee is the prey of the fly. 

Dr. T. A. Chapman read a paper on Ertbia palariea^ n, sp., and Srtbia ttygne, 
chiefly in regard to its association with E. niat in spain ; describing Ertbia pala- 
riea, he said it was a new species from the Csntabrian range, phylogenetically a 


rMeat offihoft of ^. iljtgiu, and the laigeit ftod mo«t brilliant in oaloaring of ill 
tlie knows memben of the fiunil;. 

Dr. Q. B. IionptiiS gare bh scpoant of hit eblomologioal eiperiencea daring * 
tour through la^in uid Ceylon, Qotober 10th, 1903, to March lOtb, 1904, illnitnf 
ting his rema^ bj eihibitiog some of the iniecta referred to, and lantwrt elides of 
the localities Tisiled. 

Wadatiday, JatKarf I8th, 1905 : The 7l8i Afbitai, Mbkiko— The Presi lent 
in the Chair. 

After an abitnot of the Traaaurer'g aooounta, ihowiag a good balaooe in Ihe 
Societjr'a farour, had been read by one of the Auditors, Ur. Herbert Goes, one of 
the Secretaries, resd the Report of the Oounoil. It vu then anaoanoed that the 
following had been elected Offloen and Ooandl for the Senion 1906-1906. Presi- 
dent, Mr. Frederic Uerri6eld j Treasurer, lit. Albert H. Jones j Secretariee, Mr. 
a. Rowland -Brown, U.A.,, and Oommander Jnait J. Walker, K.N., F.L.S.i 
Librarian, Mr. Qeorge C. Champion, F.Z.S. ; and as other Uenben of the Council, 
Mr. Gilbert J. Arrow, Lieat.-Colonel Charlea Bingham, F.Z.S. , Dr. Thomas A. 
ChapmaD,F.Z.B., Mr. James Edward- CoUin, Or. Frederick A. Diiej, U.A., Mr 
Hamilton H. C. J. Druce, F.Z.S., Mr. Herbert Ooas, F;L.9., Ur. William John 
Lucas. B,A., Professor Edward B. Poi^ton, D.So., FJl.S., Mr. Louis B. Prout. Ur. 
Edward Saunders, F.K.8., F.L.8., and Colonel John W. Xerburj, BJt., F.Z.8. 

The President referred to the loss sostained bj.tbe Booielj b; the deaths of Uie 
Treasurer, Mr. Bobert MeLwhlBB, F.B.S., Mr. . Charles d. BarreU, and other 
Entomologists. He then deliiered an Addrns, in which he disoassad the part 
placed bf the study of inserts in the great aontioren; on the question, " Are 
acquired habits hereditary ?" He argued that the deoision whether Lamarck'* 
theory of the oauses of erolntion ia or is not founded on a mistaken aasumptisB 
Urgely depends upon eridence supplied by the inseot worid, and finally concluded 
that the whole body of (acta strongly aopporta Weismann's oonclusions. At the 
end of his Address the President urged that the study of inseots is essential for the 
elucidation and solution of problems of Che widest interest and the deepest signifi- 
cance. Prof. Meldola, F.R.8., proposed a Tote of thanks t« ths President and other 
Officers J this was seoonded by Mr. Verrall, and carried.— H. Ooaa, Son. Secntarif. 



{Comlimtad from vol. il, page 146). 

1. S. graoilU Stann. : this litrge and very .distinct apeciea occurred 

in abundance in Wicken Fen In July, 1875, and J bavefQifjid 
it also at Tuddesbam and Brandon, both of which are withis 
a tew miles o( Wicken. Away from this neighbourhood I 
have taken, it at Penzance in Cornwall and at Baveaglaw in 

2. S. eret^er^ Walk. : not uncommon in Cornwall anil to the Lake 

District. ,-- t 

Dig lizeflDy Google 


ff. Ifermaitui Wied. : I c^anot. aatief^ctorilj. distinguish this at 
preeent from the next, tpeciee, but I believe they are two 
distiDCt species, and that both occur iu Britain. 

S. tihaTopkylli Meig. : a small common species, which often occurs 
in abundance on the flowers of Umbellifera. 

H. nigriplantU Stann. : the only place where I have found this is 
Snailwell in Cambridgeshire, where it used to be not un- 
common from June to September on a wooden sluice down 
which water was running.. Col. Terbury has taken one 
specimen at Portbcawl in Olamorgan, and Mr. C. G. Lamb 
one at Wells in Somerset. 

H. nigripennig Fall. ; a small blackish species, with a rather long 
proboscis, very simitar to Orthoehile, but its proboscis is not 
nearly so long as that of Orthoehile. Common from Corn- 
wall to the Highlands of Scotland. 

H. chryfotygo$ Wied. : this ^ery pretty and very distinct speciei 
waa abundant at Wickeu in July, 1875, even occurring in 
ditches close to "The Five Miles from Anywhere." I have 
since taken it at Chippenham Fen, and even on a window in 
this house. 

S. plagiatu* Lw. : I introduced thia species aa British on a speci- 
men taken at Abbey Wood in Kent on July 24th, 1870, and 
a few specimens have since occurred at Upware and Tudden- 
bam near here. 

B. fulvicaudit Walk. : tbia atill remains recorded as British from 
only a aingle male found near Bristol, and taken probably 
at least 70 years ago ; that is, however, the specimen from 
which the species was originally described, ^ It has since 
been recorded as not uncommon in Germany, and 1 possess 
aeveral specimens from Mecklenburg, while Eowarz baa 
recorded it from Hungary. 
S. atrovireni Lw. ; I caught one male at Footscray in Kent on 
July 7tb, 1869, and Dr. D. Sharp took a female in the New 
Foreat in June, 1902. 
H. pareilamellatui Macq. : I took a few specimens at Blackboys 
in Susaes on June 15th, 1S76. 
I. S. nanus Macq. : various localities in Sussex, Surrey, Camba., 

Suffolk and Norfolk. J~'.^,~Mf\t> 

Dig tiled 3i».JiOUy It 

S2 CPebnurr, !»%■ 


1 (2) Front tsni witfa lut joint Tsrj much dil&ted 1. dUeipet Ahr. 

2 (I) Front tarti limple !. ai««r#//M F«1L 

1. R. dueipea Ahr. : I caught a male in July, 1880, which ia labelled 

" Saailtrell ?." I do not know why I put the P, as I beliere 
I know exactly where I took it ; possibly it is the date which 
is doubtful. I caught a female at Bownese in Westmorland 
on June 23rd, 1889, which almost certainly belongs to this 

2. IT. obtewellug Fall. : easily recognised by its long yellow genitalis. 

It has occurred in numerous localities from Slapton Leigh 
to Inveran. 


0. nigraearulea Latr. : I took a pair at Leigh in Eeaei on June I8th, 

1871, and a male at Lee in Kent on June 15th, 1875 ; more 
recently I took a specimen at Wicken on June 27th, 1903, 
and Mr. F. Jeukinson haa taken several specimens in and 
near Cambridge. 

11. BTuyorTEinfus lw. 

All the BpecicH have black postocular cilia and black fringed Bquamie. 

1 (2) Pemon mainlj blackish < middla tibue thickened and twisted st tip... 

1. cuprtni Fill. 

2 (1) Femon jellow, or slmott so. 

5 (4) Costa dtlsted on a streak ne&r bsw 2. Mftf Meig. 

4 (8) Gotta normal. 

6 (8) Moderate sized species. 

6 (7) Antennc wholtj black ; blackith- green species 3. Butallimi Stwin. 

7 (6) Antenne pale at eitreme bate I steel-blue species.. .4. ehali/bxmi Wlei. 

8 (6) Small species. 

9 (10) Face while 6. aitimil'i 8l»g. 

10 (9) Face black B. Kmtut Fall 

1. O. oupreut Fall.: a common species, easily known by its black 

femora, and the peculiar dilated and twisted tip of the 
middle tibin of the male. 

2. O. eeler Meig. : also a common species, easily recognised by the 

costa of the male being swollen for a rather long space near 
the base. 
8. Q. metallicw Stann. : I first found this in abundance in Eppiag 
Forest on June I6th, 1872, and I have since taken it id 
Sussex, Suffolk, and Norfolk. 

Dig tizeflDy Google 



Now BlAST. 


Am loooiiQt of the lodigfenoiu Baga and Fj-og-hoppan of the Comity. 

Ovmy Sua, 44 pp. and mlor^td Hop. Price, St. lut ; Pott /n*, St. ZiE, 

By tht (SIM author, and mtijon* with (h« above, 


A follj Annotated Oatalogiio of 17II3 «pp., with ikaCoh of geology, flora, Ac. 
Priet, at.Bd.ntti Pori/rtt, 3>. M. 


A fallj Annotated CataloRoe of 2S2 ipp. (ont of 374 in Britain), with Freboe, Ac, 

Print, 2$.6i.ntts Pottfrtt, 2i. SA. 

To b« obtkined ttom Um Author U tlia Hill HonM, UonkB* aoham, Soflblk. 

WATKtHS & DOHCASTEB, Satnplists, 

Keap ID (took all ArtioleBrorEDbomo1ogiat8,OriiithologiatB, Botauiala, te. : Umbrellk 
Ket,7/-i raiding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6; Plain Ring Net, l/3,B/-,8/-[ Pooket 
Boi«)B,6d., 9d., 1/-. 1/6; Btore, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-. 6/-. 6/- , Zino 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2j. Setting Boards, from Gd. Co 1/10 ; Complete let 
[/14 boards, 10/^; Breeding Caicea, S/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; 9agaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- j Sogar- 
ing Minnre, ready for dm, 1/9 per tin ; Setting Honses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/-; Olaaa 
Topped and Glaaa Bottomed Boies, from 1/- per dos. ; Zino Kilting Boiea, fld., 1/- 1 
Colecptera CoUeoting Boltlea, 1/6, 1/8 ; Colleotiog Box, oontaining 26 tnbea (rerjr 
naeful for Coleopteriata, HioroMJopiats, &e.), 4/6 ; Braw Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Impmed Pocket Pnpa-digeer in leather thcnth (strongly recommended), 1/9; ftteH 

Foroapa, 1/6, 2/-, 8/6 per pair ; Pooket Lens, from 1/- to S/-. 
Taxidermistci' Companion, oontaining most neoeaaary implementa for skinning, 10/6. 
Soalpela, with ebony handloa, 1/3; Fine Pointed Soiasore, 2/- per pair ; Brais Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. t Egg Drills, 2d., 8d. 1 ditto, beat quality, 9d. eaohj Botanical Vasoa- 
lam, 1J6, 2/9, S/6, 4/6 ; Label List of BriCiab Maoro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
Xngliah Namea, 1/6; Liat of British Lepidoptere (every apeciea nnmbered), 1/-| 
or on one dde for Labels, 2/-. 

THB WAITD TSLB8C0PX HSI, an iimoTatiim in Batterflf Nett. 

Ws beg to call yonr aCtentioa to ODr New Telesoope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 

ia made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreorer, it oan be ahot np 

10 aariy in amall oompaas. A rery oompaot pattern, effecting great aaring Of 

weight and bnlk. 

FBIOES— vlth two Joints, S/S ; with thne Joints, 9/6 ; wltli tims Joints, 10/8. 

Cooiplete with Improved Cane Folding King and eg. We ahall be pleased to 

send on appioTal. 

^ large stock of British, Suropeao, and Sxotic Jtapidaptera, 

Soleoptera, aad Birds' £ggs. 


The " DIXON " LAKF NBT (InTalnable for tokliig Mottaa off atreet lamps 
wltliont oUmblag the lamp posts), 3a. fld. 

36, STBAND. W.C., Five Doors trom Charing Cross, 

liONDO N. 

Birdt and Ifammolt, fc, Pnttrvtd ^ Mmtntti by Srtl-elatt irorltmea. 
OoT Haw Frloe Uat (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on appUoatton , 


134 [K.I.1WL 

Queeinland, iliui>traliiie Ihe ula of " dirootiira " nitrkingi in the Rhopalimtn in 
influencing their eiiemieB la nUook nan-Tital parti. Mr. Q. J. Arrow, fin eiimplt 
of Ceraloptarui ttahti, Wralw., abceMe from Aiulrslia poMSMing notahle pow»n of 
orcpitation. Mr. A. H. Jones and Mr H. KowUnd-nrown showed ft leiiei of 
Brd)ia aleclo fglacialii). T«r. nicholli, Obertli.. Ukeii bj thein at shout BOOO tK it 
Campiglio, Soulh Tjrol. with (peeimens of Daigdia tenelraria, Tftr. martearia. 
eaught in the companj of the Erabias in the ume Ineslilies. Mr. Jonn lira 
exhibited eiamplci of ErtbU metat fniin tlie PiniHuus &fountBiii>, drSMe. for 
oompariion, and flue fonni of buttBrflies found iit Mendel, near Botten. Mr. W. J. 
Kaye, B leries of brud Morpho adotit fponi Brilish Guiana, with the rerj rare 
dimorphic bUck- and- white fuiuale. Dr. F. A. Oiiey, the aooial web and puptl 
ahella of Eaehtira locialU, Weitw., together with (pecimens of the perfoot inteet, 
being tlie actual neat from Meiii-o described and flgurod by Westwood in the 
Tranaactiona for 1838- Ttio President read a note on etperimenta'condncled b; 
him U> aacerlaln the litalitj of pups! subjected to subroeraion. Hr. H. A. Bjitt, 
read a paper on " Pttadacriea poggei and [Amnat chrgtippmt ; the Ifuneriial 
Proportion of Mimic to Model." .Mr. G. Betbune-Bakerconlribulod "A Mono- 
graph of the Genua Ojjfrii."— H. BowtAND Bbowk, Sou. Seeratary. 



{Conliimed from page 41). 

2818 : 1.— ApUOABRKMA DtVKRRAE, tp. «. 

AiAe»»a» black, annulate with pale ochreous. Palpi whitish oohrtoni, the 

terminal joint with a black line along it and a blaek ring before ill apei. Btad 

whitiab ochreou*. T\orat j^llowiah ochreoui. Foreuingt at the base yellow- 

dchreoua, a narrow line of black aoaUs along the costa, another on the upper adge 

of the cell, below which Ihe cell itielf ia pale whilish ochreous-, from a little bejond 

the remainder of the wlng-aurface is thickly sufluaed and speckled with blaek, tit« 

black acales being concentrated in an elongated spot ou the middle of the wing. 

followed by a smaller one at the end of the celt, with some indication of a Ihinl in 

the fold below the first ; the ground-colour underlying the black speckling ia pal* 

whitiab ochmoai, aa on the upper half of Ihe cell from the base, and is fairly can- 

spicuoua on the small patch at the commenccmeut of the ooatal cilia and in ancthrr 

opposite to it on the doraum ; a line of black eoales mna through the whitiiii 

OobrMnu oilia which are also duated with black at their base. Srp. lU., IS nn. 

BittdmiHgt bluish grey ; cilia pale brownish grey. Ahdonum shining steely grsj. 

Lagt whitish oohreous, tlie tarsi shaded with black. 

%>e, (J (88773) ; ? (97119). Mus. Wlam. 

Hah. : ALGERIA — El-Kantara — 3. V1I.1903 ; Hammam-ea- 
Salahin, Larva Deeerra tcoparia, 22.1. excl. 23.IV.— lO.TIII.lflM- 
Twenty-two specimoue. 

Two larvae found feeding in atema of Devurra ^Pilurant^<») 
tOopari* on May Stk, the type emerged on Jaly 5tb, 1808. 

,9 lizeflDy Google 


A very large efoek ofExolte Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interetting 

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100 cpeciraeoSi upwards of 40 speoias, S. America 90/- 

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60 do. do. 20 apeoies, America lO/- 

SO do. do. do. India, fto. 10/- 

Cheap lots of iDBecta, both set and in paper*, of all Orden,are oorataDtl/ on hand. 

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The Praetleal Belentlflc Cabinet Maker*. 

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fakers of cbei^g Srscription anb ^ije of Cabinets, C^ses, ^tar; 
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Annnal Sabscription, 6b. 6d., post Tree ; tbroDgh BookseUen, 6a. Nat 




r.n NTWWTS. 






October, IBM.J 

|(n piemociam. 

John Williah DoroLAS, the son of David Douglu, of Tranent, 
near Ediiibnrgb, was bom at Pntney on November 16tb, 1814. He 
was educated at a private school, remaining there until he was 
fifteen, when he suBtained a very serioua injury, the result of 
a thoughtlesB practical johe of one of his school f el Iowa. He waa 
returning borne on November 5th with a pocket full of crackers, 
which his schoolfellow set alight; thej exploded and burnt bis tbigh 
BO severely ibat he had to keep hia bed for two years. During this 
time he turned bis attention to Botany, drawing the epecimens be 
collected with great fncility, and becoming bo keen on his subject, 
that when convalescent he applied for and obtained employment at 
Kew in order that he might have the benefit of the best botanical 
teat-bers. He was at Eew only for a few years, aa his father, with the 
help of Lady de Grey's influence, obtained for him a situation in the 
Customs House, where he rose to a high position, retiring at tbe age 
of seventy, after more than fifty years' service. Mr. Qladstone before 
introducing bis bill dealing witb duties on light wines sent him on 
a continental tour to report on the various grape cultures, and on bis 
return personally thanked him, and gave him a special Treasury grant 
of £100. 

The heavy cicatrix formed by bis severe burn necessitated 
numerous operations throughout bis life, and tbe enforced leiBure 
enabled him to gain a proficiency in German and French, which 
proved of extreme value to bim, both in his official and Entomological 

He married in 1843, residing at first at Camberwel), but after- 
wards for many years he lived at Lee and Lewisham. 

He began collecting insects when at Eew, and published bis first 
paper in tbe Entomological Magazine for 1887, entitled, '' Handom 
Thoughts on Entomology." For many years his attention was chiefly 
directed towards tbe Lepidoptera, although he publiafacd papers on 
Ooleoptera and other Orders. Most of his early writings on Lepid- 
optera, &c., are t<J be found in the pages of tbe Entomologist's 
Weekly Intelligencer, and many of tbe younger generation of Ento- 

,9 lizeflDy Google 

222 [Oetobar, 

mologistB must look back nitfa gratitnde to bis kindneii &nd BBsist- 
ance. "The World of Insects, a Guide to ita 'Wonders," wm 
publisbed in 186G, and he rendered very important BBsistance in the 
production of Stainton's " Natural History of the Tineins," in which 
his name appears as a coadjutor. Another, and perhaps the work 
by which his name will be best remembered, was published by the 
Bay Society in 1865, "The British Hemiptera, Vol I, Hemipiera- 
Seteroptera." In this be was a joint author with tbe late John 
Scott. It opened the eyes of British Entomologists to the Inrge field 
of little known forms which existed in this interesting Ordfr, and 
Douglas and Scott's "British Hemiptera" will always be regarded aa 
a classical work in this country. At the time it was written the 
Bemiptera of Britain were practically uiiworked, and all Entomo- 
logists owe a great debt of gratitude to the Authors of the " British 
Hemiptera " for the excellent foundation which they laid, and also to 
Dr. Fieber, of Vienna, for the assistance he rendered in determining 
many of tbe unknown species. Additions and corrections to this 
book were from time to time published in the Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine, of which he became an Editor in LS74, and to which for 
many years he was a constant contributor. In the early days of the 
Entomological Society he was a very active member. He joined the 
Society in 1845, became a Member of the Council in 1846, Secretary 
from 1849 to 18S6, and President in 1861. He retired from the Society 
in 1862, but rejoined it in 1676, continuing as a Fellow to his death. 
The writer of this will always have an affectionate memory of tbe kind- 
ness of the deceased to bimself ; be often had occasion to consult 
him on questions connected with tbe determination of specimens, and 
always met with the greatest kindness. On one occasion he borrowed 
the type specimen of a Capsid, the identity of which he had called io 
question, and whilst in his possession, one of his children finding a 
nice looking little box, put some pens into it and shook them up, with 
tbe natural result that tbe specimen was broken to atoms. Any one 
can imagine the writer's feelings when he had to go and confess what 
had happened ; but tbe situation was accepted in the kindest way, 
and without a touch of reproach. For the particulars of the early 
life of the deceased we are indebted to hie son, Mr. Charles D. 

It is many years since J. W. Douglas took an active part in 
Entomology, and many of the younger Entomologists of to-day may 
hardly realize how much be did for tbeir Science ; but those who 
knew bim feel that another link with the past, and an important one, 
has been broken.— E. 8. 



A black form of HVtropium baa occurred here tbia Bummer Id 
8Dm<« numbers, and I take the preeent o|)portunitf of briefly recording 
tbe firat appearance in tbia district, bo far aB [ am aware, of any 
member of the genua. 

Tt will be well to leave the question of its identity open for tbe 

On comparing my beetle with the two long seriea of Teiropittm 
in the British Museum I remarked that it was different in general 
appearance from theae apeeies. At the same time, in considera* 
ion of tbe variation in form, coloration, puctuation, and pubeecence, 
to which the different membera of the genus aeem liable, I took 
the neareat deacription I could find to my inaect, a very brief 
one by Oanglbauer (Best. Tab. der Enrop. Col.), and sent the beetle 
out to Coleopteriata aa a Tetropiam, nearest to T. eattaneum, L., var. 
Jvlcratam, F. At tbe same lime not feeling aatiafied with this, viewed 
in tbe light of my long series of nearly 200 individuala preaenting no 
appreciable variation in their external atructure and coloration, and, 
thinking that my beetle might be a different species from any I bad 
Been, I referred it to M. Bedel, who informed me that Weiae had 
lately described a new apeeies of Tefroptum, and that it agreed with 
tbe specimen I had sent him. I hnve accordingly communicated with 
Herr Weise. Mr. Atmore's two recorded apecimena (Ent. Mo. Mag., 
April, 1S04), taken prior to mine, and a hitherto unrecorded specimen, 
taken at Elefield, Osfordshire, by Mr. J. J. Walker, shortly after 
mine (June 26tb, 1906) appear to me, judging from their exterual 
structure and coloration, to be identical with tbe Leigbton Buzzard 

Subsequently hearing ihat Dr. Sharp is engaged in investigating 
tbe genua, I have placed alt my material at his dispoaal, confident that 
I leave tbe matter in able hands. I hope, in a forthcoming issue of 
the Magazine, to deal, at some length, with tbe capture and life biatory 
of tbe imago and larva, by which time it aeema probable that Dr. 
Sharp will have determined what it is. 

I am indebted to Mr. W. Holland for informing me that my first 
specimen belonged to the genus Tetroptum. 

Leighlon Bnuard : 

StpUmhtr I2M, 1906. 


224 [Octolwr, 

[In reference to Mr. CrawBhay's note I abould like to say th»t 
great difficulty exists as to the Bpeciea of Tefropium both in Britnin 
and on the continent. I am endeavounng to elucidate thif, and should 
like to be able to examine the specimens of the genus that may exist 
in British collections. I hare before mo specimens of Tefropium taken 
near Manchester in 1866, and I think I can say with a fair confidence 
that we have two, if not three, species in England. Weise has just 
described a T. gabrieli from SwitEerland, Germany, Ac. Mr. Oraw- 
shay's insect is either T. gabrieli, Weise, or a closely allied form. 
If the second alternative prove to be correct I propose to call the 
Leighton form T. erawihayi. — D. Sharp.] 

\T. gahrieU,yiei»e (Deutsche eut. Zeitachr., 1905, p. 136), from the 
LowerBngadine(TaraBp), Tyrol, and Silesia, is said to differ from 2*. 
futeum, F., and T. luridum, L. (^ caataneum, L.), in having the frons 
somewhat convex and not canaliculate. 1 have taken various epeci- 
mens of what I suppose to be T.ftucum in the Kngadine (at Guarda, 
near Tarasp) and on the Simplon ; some of Ibcae have the froos 
canaliculate, and in others the groove is wanting. — G, C. C] 


J. Sahlberg [Acta Soc. Pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, xii, 3, pp. 
22, 23 (1»00)] separates Bnris T-album into two specioB, S. T-albun, 
L, and B. mnrtulut, Sablb. These two forms occur in Britain, and 
were described by Stephens [Mand., iv, p. 10 (L831)]. They may be 
separated thus:— 

Larger and more elongkle, the eljtral intentices irreguUrlj uniseriato-panolata, 
eipeciaiU; Iflmrda the sulura, the puncture* each bearing s rather long, 

coarte, decumbent, whitiah hair pilUtriata, Sleph. 

(— T-aUnm, Salilb., bm Liun.). 
Smaller, more glahrous nboTc, the prothorax a little more tranivene, the elytral 
intenticea regular); uniseriate-punctate, the puncturei each bearing a ehort, 

fine, decumbent, whitish hair T-albam, Lino. 

(= alnflieu, Steph., muiHnbtt, Safalb.). 
I have seen B. pilUtriata from various southern localities, 
Sheppey, Faversham, Arundel, Woking, Wicken, &c., and B. T-athuM 
from Bearstead, Snodland, Oxford, Scarborough, Aviemore, and 
Nethy Bridge, the latter apparently being the moat widely dis- 
distributed (Stephens givea near London, Bristol and Suffolk for 

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iwAJ 225 

S. pitutriata, and Batteraea fields, Hertford, Norfolk, Someraet 
ftDd Crwmlyn Bog for B. atriplicin). M. Bedel informs ue that they 
are sometimeB found together in France, B.pilittriata aloaeoccumag 
in Algeria. Stephens, it may be noted (blanual, p. 216), subeequentlj 
treated the lai^er insect as a "fine" form of S. T-atbum. Uia name 
pilUlriata appears to hare been oTerlooked by Sahlberg and others, 
and it is not quoted as a synonym in the last European Catalogue. 
The Linneean description applies better to S. T-albitm than it does to 
B.piliitriata, and there is no valid reason for tranepoaing the namea, 
if the two forms are to be treated as distinct. 

Honsll ■ Ans'ut 26M, 1906. 


There are variouB diacrepancies in the published descriptions of 
this species, mainly due to Marsbam's work not having been con- 
sulted. Canon Fowler, for instance (Col. British Islands, iv, p. 280), 
says that it has the posterior femora fuscous, whereas in the insect 
described by Marsham, and figured by Stephens, the legs are wholly 
reddish -yellow. Weise, too (Naturg. Ins. Deutscht., vi, p. 58), makes 
the satiie mistake, and bis variety atutratit (femoribua posticis rufo- 
flaviB),to which all the British specimens I have seen belong, ia simply 
typical Z.Jtavieollis, Marah. The common form on the continent, at 
least in mountainoua districts, has the posterior femora black or 
blackish. According to Bodel (Faune Col. Basain t^eine, v, p. 224), 
the two varieties occur together in France; but this is not always 
the case, as a large number of specimens recently captured by myself 
at Lautaret, Hautes Alpes, aa well aa many othera taken several years 
ago at Mendel, in the Austrian Tyrol, have the hind femora black. 
The number of pale joints at the base of the antennee, again, is 
variable (three in British apecimcDs, aa stated by Stephens, four in 
the continental, according to Weise), as is also the ahape of the tooth- 
like prominence at the aidea of the prothorax, it being sharply denti- 
form in some of the continental examples. Weise describes yet 
another variety, with the elytra red dish -yellow below the shoulders 
(he notes a simitar form of Z. lubspinoaa), but this I have not seen. 
Our British insect, for specimens of which most of ua are indebted 
to Mr. Harwood of Colcheater, ia really very like Z. icutellarit, Suffr., 
but differs from that species in having the bead, ezcept in front, and 

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the ecutelluiu block, and the head iteelf more coarsely and more irre- 
gularly punctate. Z. teutallarit la attached to Populus nigra, and 
should occur in Gngiaod. Z. HaoioollU I have only seeu on Populut 

Hoiwll: Aagiuf 28U, 190fi. 

BT I. ItKIUICE, B.A., F.B 8. 

Two specimens of this insect were recently sent me For determi- 
nation by Mr. Alfred Sii-h of Chiswick, who (in company with his 
brother, Mr. Leonard Sich) took them in the middle of Saai near 
Hailsham, in Sueeei. It dues not seem to have been autfaentieally 
recorrled from Britain before, bo far as I know ; earlier records were 
based on the species now known a* atmorielh. The unicolorous 
species of Arggresthia present difGcultiea which are probably not yet 
fully understood ; and therefore when visiting Merton Qal), I took 
the opportunity to compare these specimens with Lord Walsingham's 
continental material, and to get bis opinion on them. Lord Walsing- 
ham and Mr. J. H. Durrant both agreed with me that they were 
referab'c to the true illuminaiella, and their identity may therefore 
be taken aa eatablishod. 

The species is markedly amaller and more yellowish than atmori- 
ella, but is especially iMstinguished from it by the much paler hind- 
wings ; atmoriella feeds on larch, illuminatella on pine (species 
doubtful, or perhaps more than one). Ocnerottoma piniariella, which 
might be confused with it, is abundantly distinct structurally by the 
reduced neuration and shorter palpi, and ii greyer. Mr. Sich reports 
that the specimens were beaten from Pintu (spei-iea nut ascertained) 
in a wood which also included larch And other trees ; the insect was 
common, but was regarded at the time an being 0. piniariella, from 
which, on subsequent examination, he found it to be distinct. 1 hope 
that the discoverer wilt now complete his interesting record by findiag 
the larva and correctly identifying the food-plant. 

I may add tbat the description in my " Handbook " is drawn 
from the true illuminatella (not from atmoriella, to which Staudinger 
in his Catalogue refers it), but the localities cited are erroneoas. 

Thomhanger, Uarlborough i 
Afis»H 1»A, 1906. 

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BT W WESCaE, F.R.H.a. ftc 

In Jul/, 1902, 1 found a Bingle specimen of the geuua UUdia at 
Bircliinyton, Kent ; this I placed in my cabinet without identification 
of the species. In August of this yeftr (1905J I obtained a number 
on some weeds, with three pairs in cop., two of which [ gave to the 
British Museum, where Mr. E. E. Aueten has identified them as 
Ulidia nigripennu, Lw., and where they may be seen in the British 

There are only two species in Mr. Verrall's list, and this will 
malie a third. The fact of my fiudine; it twice at an interval of three 
yenrs shows that it is without doubt an established inhabitant of these 
islands, and not a wind hlown insect from the continent, and it has 
probably hitherto escaped notice owing to its small size. 

139, CiuteUain Mansions, 

Mitida T>lt>, W. : 
September Vh, 1905. 


BY JAUE8 3. W&LEEB, M.A., B.N., F.L.S. 

(Centinaed from page £20). 

The handsome Ckaraxet temproniui. Fab., one of the finest of 
the Australian butterflies, is said to be at times not rare near Sydney, 
but I never succeeded in taking it, and indeed saw it only once or 
twice. Pyramei* cardui, var. kerikawi, McCoy, and Jutumia eellida. 
Fab., are both very plentiful in waste opes places, especially in early 
summer, when P. ttea, Kab., is also fairly common, though lees so 
than in some other Australian localities that I have visited. Its spiny 
larva may be easily found on the formidable stinging- nettle, Urlica 
incua. The Satyrida are perhaps more in evidence than any other 
group of butterflies in the Sydney district. Several closely allied 

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small formu of the geDus HypocUta flit qnietlj About in shady epot« 
in the "bush" throughout the aummer, and the larger aod more 
boldly marhed H. euphemia, WeBtw., frequents open rocky places. 
Melanitit leda; L., being almoBt or quite on the southern limit of its 
distribution, is but rarely met with, and the little sober-looking 
Ypihimii aretotu. Fab., though (olerahly common, is somewhat local in 
open gneaj places. The most oonspicuons of the group is the beau- 
tiful brown and fulvous Tuiphtme {Epinepkile) abeona, Don., which may 
be found more or less plentifully throughout the summer in damp 
gullies and watercourses where the food-plant of its larra, the "cutting- 
grass," Oladium tp. abounds {ef. Mathew, Trans. Ent. Soc., 1S8S, p. 141). 
It has a quiet floating flight, and is a very striking object as it sits with 
expanded wings on the bright green Cladium. Ueieronympha metvpe. 
Fab., Xenica achanta, Don., and X. klugit, Gu^r., are all three abun- 
dant in the " bush " surrounding Sydney, the first- mentioned appearing 
early in October, though the females may be found in quite good 
condition as late as February, long after the other sex has quite 
disappeared. In the lllawarra district are found the pretty Hetero- 
nympka bankti, Leach, and the very remarkable Zf. mirifiea, Butler, of 
which the male {S. diggUti, Miskin), so closely resembles, in its brown 
and fulvous coloration, the same sex of if. merope as to he quite in- 
distinguishable from it on the wing ; while the female, broadly banded 
with white on a dark sooty-brown ground-colour, is quite unlike any 
other Australian butterfly. 

Of the numerous " Blues " 1 will here only allude to the beautiful 
genus Ogyrii, three or four species of which, including the finest of 
all, 0. gmoveva. Hew., have been taken in the district by Mr. Water- 
house, hut I hare only met with one of them, O. abrota, Westw. ; the 
larvs feed in companies on species of Loranthut growing on high 
Euealyptua trees. The very pretty silvery-blue lalmetrnt eoagoret, 
Don., is abundant, especially in the National Park, where the larvn 
often strip the twigs of the " black wattle " (dcada decurretu) quite 
bare, and the pupn may be gathered from the low bushes almost like 
currants. Both larvs and pupe are always attended, and very effi- 
ciently guarded, by multitudes of ants of two or three species (some 
of which bite and ating pretty severely), for the sake of a sticky and 
rather sickly -smelling secretion which they exude (ef. Mathew, Trans. 
Ent. Soc., I»lj9, p. 153). The darker- coloured I. ietimu, Hew., is less 
common than its congener, but is not rare at Ryde on the Parramatta 
Birer, and is similarly guarded by ants in its earlier stages, which are 
also passed on the Aeaoia deeurrmi. 

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Amoug the Pierida I maj mention Deliax nigrina. Fab , which is 
■ometimea not uncommcQ, but usually flies round the taller trees, too 
high to be readily caught 1 the contrast between the white upper 
surface and the richly coloured black, yellow, and scarlet under-side, 
giFe the butterfly a very stHkiag aspect on the wing. Belenoii Java, 
Sparrm. {teutonia. Fab.) is here by far the most abundant species of 
its family, and may be found plentifully throughout the summer ou 
some large bushes of the so-called " Native Orange " {Oapparit nobilia) 
in the Botanical Gardens. In some years this butterfly multiplies to 
an inordinate extent in the interior of New South Wales, and, like 
other species of the group, collects in vast migratory flights. Such a 
migration occurred on November 25th, 1903, and several succeeding 
days, when absolute clouds of white butterflies, apparently all of this 
species, were reported from various inland localities, travelling before 
a hot north-west wind ; and thousands were to be seen crossing Port 
Jaclcaon, mostly from north to south. At the National Park on the 
28tb it was excessively abundant, and towards evening clusters of 
twenty or thirty, consisting of both sexes in about equal numbers, 
could be seen " camped " under the lee of almost every bush. The 
butterflies had practically all disappeared by the SOth. 

The Hnperiidx include a good many species, some of considerable 
beauty and interest, and one or two (as Netroeoryne ropanda, Feld.) 
of fairly large size. 

As may be expected from so favourable a situation, the moths 
are very numerous in species a« well as individuals, but I can here 
allude to only a very tgvr, such as the conspicuous day-flying species 
of Agarittu, one nf which, A. glycine, Lewin, is very plentiful and 
sometimes destructive in the larva state to the vines. The larval cases 
of the Pagehidm are of great variety of construction, and are very 
numerous and conspicuous in the " bush " as well as in the gardens, 
where the large cases of the " bag-worm," Mefura elongaia, Saund., 
Bometimes four inches in length, are among the first objects of their 
kind to attract the attention of the new comer. The large and hand- 
some green larva of Antheraa eucalypti, Scott, which reminds one 
forcibly of that of the South European Saturnia pyri, is often common 
on the young gum-trees, and has also adopted as a food-plant the 
South American Schiniu molle, extensively planted as a shade tree 
along the suburban roads. One of the most objectionable insects in 
the " bush " is the larva of the Limacodid moth, Doratifera vulnerant, 
Lewin, which is ofteo found in very undesinible profusion on young 

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280 [OetobB. 

Sucalyptut foliage \a early eummer. U is a ptout, bright green, slug- 
like creature varied witb yellow, with roae-coloured tuberclea, each 
baring a circular serieH of motile etiff haira or spines. The slightest 
touch of these haira causes a sensatioa like that of the sting of a 
nettle, only worse, which bood Bubsidea, but remains perceptible for 
several hours afterwards. 

Another caterpillar posBeased of very marked urticating powerB 
is the enormous larva of the line Bombycid moth Chelepleryx eolUn, 
Gray, which is found, but rather apanuglj, on the foliage of Smco- 
Igptiu at Botany Bay and elsewhere. Thia larva attaina to Dearly the 
size of that of AeJterontta atropo*, and is of a dull dark green colour 
witb several bright yellow tubercles on each segment, bearing faactclea 
of stiff reddish hairs, which sting very severely when touched. The 
cocoon, which is not unlike that of Odonettis potatoria on a large 
scale, both in texture and colour, is often found (but usually empty) 
under loose bark, and is also an undesirable object to handle, as the 
stinging hairs of the larva are freely interwoven into its substance. 

Among the Mymenoptera the ants are very much in evidence, es- 
pecially the smalt evil-smelling speciee of Crematogaater, which awann 
under loose bark to the exclusion of more desirable insecta, and the 
large and formidable stinging speciea of the genua JfyrmacM. These 
ants, which are much dreaded and disliked by the inhabitants of New 
South Wales, are known by them under the names of "bulldogs," 
" iuchmen " (in allusion to their length), " jumpers," " soldiers," and 
"joeys ;" the last name being applied especially to the bright red !£. 
gttlota, Fab., which is the most fierce and aggressive of them all, and 
is endowed with the most severe and painful sting. It makes large 
subterranean nests in dry sandy places, often at the foot of a particii> 
larly inviting looking bush or tree, and I have more than once been 
very disagreeably surprised by finding a string of these savage 
creatures running up the leg of my trousers, having unwittingly 
put my foot into one of these nests. This ant, as well as the larger 
and stouter, but leas active black M.forfieata, Tab., and the smaller 
M. piloiula, Sm. (black with bright yellow mandibles), is constantly 
found ranging about a foliage, and all three frequently appear in the 
umbrella while beating, and necessitate a good look-out being kept in 
order to avoid being stung. A large harmless brown species of 0am' 
ponotut, which lives in strong colonies under lugs and loose bark, is 
known as the " sugar-ant," and is the host of the interesting Brentbid 
beetle Oardut ;liMpM,Qerm., which Is sometimes found in considerable 

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tturabera in the Dest of tfaia apecies. The numerouB Foesoret include 
several bandaome epeciee of MuHlla, which occur under bark, aa well 
as walking about iu aandy epota ; aud the curious genua 'I'hi/nnut, eo 
characteriatic of the AuBtralian region, ia repreaeuted iu the vicinity 
of Sydney by a very large number of species, which vary enormously 
in size and appearance. Some of the malea of the larger forms are 
handsome and conspicuous insects of somewhat waap-like appearance, 
which, when caught, go through the motions of stlngiug with great 
vigour and persistency, though tbey are of course perfectly harmless, 
which is by no means the case with the apterous females. These 
insects frequent flowers, especially the attractive blossoms of the 
Angophora cordifolia (of which shrub I shall have much to say later 
on), and are then almost invariably found paired, the females of some 
of the species being ludicrously small in comparison with their part- 
ners. Allied to ihese is Diamma bicolor, Westw., the female of which 
is perhaps the worst stinging insect found about Sydney, or indeed in 
Australia; it is a creature not unlike a stoutly built wingless ant 
about an inch in length, deep shining chrome-green in colour with 
coral-red legs ; it is occasionally found running actively in hot dry 
placea, and requires great caution and dexterity in capture. The 
Angopkora blossoms are frequented iu their season by several large 
and somewhat formidable looking Sj/menopiera of the genera Scolia, 
AAitpa, Priocnemit, &c. ; but these are by no means aggressive, and 
are not to be feared while collecting. Among the Tenthredinida are ' 

Beveral species of the curious genus Perga, including several fine and 
highly-coloured insects ; their iarvie are found feeding in companies 
on the foliage of the young gum trees, often stripping the boughs 
quite bare, and when disturbed, raising their heads suddenly all 
together in a very comical way. A small but very beautiful metallic- 
green "carpenter bee," Lealit bomhtfliformia, Sm., passes ita early stages 
in the dry pithy flower-stalks of the quaint "grass trees" (.2(in- 
tkorriasa), and the perfect insect may be taken flying about them in 
early summer. 

One of the moat striking features of the Entomology of Sydney, 
as soon as the hot weather fairly seta in towards the end of October, 
is the abundance of the Oicadat, or as they are invariably miscalled, 
" locusta." Every suburban garden or cluster of trees then resounds 
with their shrill, and (at times) somewhat annoying stridulation, and 
in some of the wooded gullies the din they make is often positively 
deafening. Comparatively very few of them survive beyond the end 
of January ; in some years, as in 1908 (it is said every third year), 


282 (OrtoJw. 

they occur in much larger uumbera than usual. Their acreechnig 
noiae can then be beard on board shtp anywhere in the harbour, and 
the lower parts of the tree-trunka are crowded with the curioiw 
horny-looking empty and dry larva-skins from which the perfect 
insects have escaped. Id hot weather they are very active, and not 
always easy to secure, flying off the tree-trunks readily when 
approached. Several of the species are of large size, as the green 
Cj/clockila amlralatim, Amyot, perhaps the commonest of all; the 
reddiah-brown Thopha aaeeala, Amyot, the ''Double Drummer "of 
the Sydney boys, ao called from the large development of tie 
" opercula " on the under-side of the body of the ^S i and Ptaltoda 
marens. Germ., whose black body, powdered with small patches of 
white hairs, suggests its popular name of "The Floury Miller." The 
sweet and rather pleasantly- flavoured white secretion, much appreciated 
by the boys under the name of " manna," is produced by much smaller 
insects of the order Homoplera {Eurgmela spp.), rather gaily marked 
with deep madder-brown, red, and white, which live in companies in 
all stages of development on the young shoots of the Euealgptut 
shrubs. The Hemiptera are very numerously represented in apecies, 
aud include some very curious and handsome forma, but few, if any, 
of large size ; the moat singular of all being PliUenemit lemur, a 
small brown and fulvous Coreid bug found not rarely under loose dry 
bark, with the largely developed hind tibis furulshcd with a dense 
growth of hair, so as to resemble a bottle-brush. Several active and 
brightly -coloured Ueduviids are met with in the same situation, as 
well as under stones, and some of them are able to give a severe and 
painful bite if handled without due caution. A fine Banaira occurs 
in stagnant poola, and a apecies of Halohatea ia aaid to be found not 
rarely on the surface of the water in some of the quiet upper reaches 
of the harbour, but I never had an opportunity of looking for it. 

By abaking out the dry leafy branches of Euealyptut, lying on 
the ground in bushy places— a very productive method of collecting, 
eapecially aa regards Coleoptera — a relatively enormous Tbysanopod, 
Jdolothript tpectrum, Haliday (the life-history of which has been ably 
worked out by my friend Mr. W. W. Froggatt, the Government 
Entomologist of New South Wales),* may often be obtained in large 
numbers. Very few, if any. Termite mounds of any size are to be 
seen near Sydney, but a small species of Termet (hdit, Froggatt) 
infesta nearly every not absolutely fresh log or stump in the bush ; 

• Pnc Uuu. Soc N. S. W&lB, 1004, p. M M Mf. 

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it is also exceediDgly destructive to the woodwork of buildings in the 
aoburbs of Sydney, and has at times wrought great damage in the 
city itself. Moaquitoes and other Diptera, while sufficiently numerous 
and annoying, do not constitute so great a pest as in the more tropical 
regions of Australia, though the "eaiid-flies" in the National Park 
are particularly venomouo, as T have more than once found to my 
coat. The Neuroptera and Oithoptera abound in species and indi- 
viduals, but do not call for further remark, except perhaps the rare 
aad beautiful species of P»i/chopni in the Srst-named Order ; and 
M noticeable feature of the Entomology of the " bush " is the abund* 
ance of large forms of Blnttida (Panetthia, Polgzotteria, &c.). 
These are found under dead leafy boughs, stones, and logs, and 
especially in decayed wood, which they reduce to a loose fibrous 
state; nearly all of them emit a very disagreeable odour, and a 
species of the last -mentioned genus (I believe P._^rifyinea, Walk,) 
is certainly the most evil-smelling insect that 1 have ever encountered. 
It is an apterous species about the size of our familiar kitchen 
cockroach, of a rich glossy reddish-chestnut colour; and when it is 
revealed by turning up a log, it disdains to run away, but, tike the 
skunk, elevates its hinder end from which it protrudes two bright 
orange- CO loured vesicles, and emits an intolerably rank and pene- 
trating odour that can be easily perceived at a distance of three or 
foar yards. For my part, I could never summon up enough resolution 
to handle so repulsive a creature. 

Some very pretty species of Fot^fieulida occur under bark, aod 
a large pallid earwig with largely developed forceps, very nearly allied 
to our Lahidura riparia, L., if indeed not a form of that insect, it 
common in sandy places near the shore. The giant of the tribe, 
AwiioiabU eolotea, De Borm., is not uncommon under damp logs is 
the Illawarra district. Adult examples vary much in size, the largest 
specimens sometimes exceeding two inches in length. When dis- 
turbed it turns up its tail in a very threatening manner, and it ran 
give BO severe a pinch with its anal forceps as to break the skin of 
the finger and draw blood. The busbmen seem to regard it with 
much dread, evidently looking on it as a bind of scorpion. Our 
familiar Forfieula aurieularia, L., does not appear to have reached the 
Sydney district, at any rate I have never seen it there, though it is 
abundant and fully naturalized at Hobart and other places in 

{To bt eonlitauSi. 

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234 [Oetotar. 

Lamotthe»— aimplanattit, De;., i^e., in the ItU of Sieppey. —'During ft Tint 
to the Isle of Sheppe; in Augiut I wu induced to eiKinine > tarj large tiMp rf 
deoa/ed »nd condomnvd steki from the Sheppej Olae ind Chemieal Works, pilail 
ap in an adjoining field. Here I vaa able to find all the Coltoplara, ka., hitheiie 
met with in the baildin^, under Tutlj more pleatant conditions of working than in 
the gloom and reeking atmoiiihere of the "bone-house"; and sereral ndditiona] 
insecta, eridentlj asaociated with the works, were found for the flnl time. The 
most interesting of these, L/emaiiitmet eomplaiiatat, Dej., waa rerj ptentiful, mostlj 
hiding between the loose sacks on the tides of the heap, and running off rerj 
aotitel; when disturbed. Thia Carabid, which is in all probabilitj indebtad to 
oomnieroe for its rer; wide distribution, luu been observed b; me at aoch widely 
sepnral^d localities ■> Qibmltar, Talpnmiso (Chile), and Port Adelaide (Soulh 
Australia) ; and in New Zealind it occurs in abundancs in the neighbourhood of 
all the ports that I hare Tisited. The usual DermtMtn mlpintu, Kteroiia nfi- 
cotlii, mffpei, and eialacea, and Alphiiobiiu diaperimu were in great nambai* 
□nder the sacks at the base of the heap, especialljr those which retained tmeea of 
greaae, and in this situation I met with the following: OUgota ii|tWa, commou ; 
QaadtM fulgidat, oommoD, raiding much in size and derelopment, with a few of 
the Tar. f mMomalUm; PiilonlAni sinw, tmriw, and other common •pacsssj 
Dmdrophilni punHatut and Careinopi H-ilriaia in targe numbers, and Sitttr 
aarlonariiu and li-ilriaiui, OHalhoiieui aamnlaiuu, and Acritiu mUmint, more 
sparinglj : Omotita coloa and diicoidea, XfoHatoiaa ipiaicollii, mfa, and tuhqtairi' 
^oreaFofa, the last -mentioned species found in plentjbj shaking the aaoks over paper; 
TrogBtita mavritaaica, Dermeitei lardariut, Atomaria muada, and lyitolimm ftm- 
ffiatum, sparinglj, and Tros teaber, abundant. The two speeial earwigi ApUrggUa 
araehidii, Yera., and AaUolahU aitnttlipai, Lucas, were also present, the former ss 
usual in large numbers. 

Under elods, pieces of wood, Ac., in a olaj.pit near at hand, I obtained a Bd« 
and Taried eeriea of Saiiodactgliu piacUeidti, a beetle I had quite loat ii^t of in 
the Isle of Sheppe; einoe 1874. 

Another interesting " Bnd " to me waa the beautifal larra of CmeiUlia arltnt, 
whioh occurred eommonlj on Atttr IripoUam in the aalt marah not tar from 
Sheemesa— a spot which I hare known intimate); for mora than fort? ;earB,bat 
where I hare neier before eeen the moth in an; stage. 

Neither Coliat edvta nor C. hgaUptA in an appeamncf during m; lisit, thonfk 
I had eippcted to see the former specie* at anj nie, as it waa obsarred bj vt] 
friend. Mr. A. H. Bamm, near Oiford on June 2atb, and b; mTeelf (a large won 
eiampU of the $ tar. Miet), on the chalk downs at Streatlej, Berks, on Jul; 3rd.- 
Skute J. Waleib, Aorangi, Lonsdale Road, Summertown, Otford : Sapi. I8<A, ISW. 

MalacUm milntratv, Ab., la Sieppeg.—Ot this species, recentlj added to tha 
list of Brituh Coleoplera, there are three specimens in the Power Collection taken 
b; Dr. Power at Sheerness on June 11th, 18B9.— Euwabd A. WAHBHOoai, 6, 
Avenue Gardens, Acton : Augtut Slst, 19uS, 

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[M. Bade], to whom I am indebted for ipecimena of both wlee, hn> reoantlj 
found this species in abDndaxM at ItteiiUo (Srine-et-Oi»e), Francs, at tlie end of 
May, upon amall ruihes : ef. Bull. Soc. Snt. Fr., 1905, p. 176.— O. C. C] 

Coleopttra U Ike Ifae Fortit, 4-e.— In the New Foreat, from April 28rf to 
28lh, I met with the following ■.—Elafer Istkroplent, in numbcn, beech logi j E. 
pomoaiB, in imall oA logi on eronnd (!>) ; E. elowgatalm (1) ; Matota nuhila (6), 
with B. pomeno! ; Cgrfoiriplax bipuilnlaia, in fungoid ([rowth on fallen logi. In the ■ 
aame localitj, on June 12th, 18th, and 14th, a friend. Mr. G. F. Zimmer, oblained, 
ohieflj bj be»ting hawthorn bloom alraad; going orer and turning brown, aiiteen 
■pedes of Lonffieoroa, including Callidium aJai (1), C. variabilg (1), C. bJo'omhm 
(2), OraminopUraprxutta, F, (1), Clylui mgrticui (15), and «ar. Merogliipiiea, Hbit. 
(I), Me.oia aubila (B), Leplura icHtellata (2), Polgoptia prxutta (4), alio Itchw 
mtra camlta (2) and /. tangBinuiollU (\). 

In S«ptember, on the bank* of the Wye noar Ross I took a fine serin of 
Opilo ttettU from a dead willow'-Gtrr S. Whitaebb, 116, Trinity Boad, S.W, : 
Sapiemhtr, 1905. 

Steml Capttimof CoUopltra.— Phgtonn aiffrtTtntrU, Ohev. I took two or 
throe eiamples of thU species on the undhills at fhe mouth of Poole K«Hmdt, in 
April, in oompatij with P. balliem', Kr. 

0tuirimii4 uobUU, L. I took three examples of this in June on the flower 
beads of B large UmbslUfer at Mathow, in Herefordshire, and saw others on the 

CettikorrhyimlHtM vidaalu; Gyll. One specimen, by sweeping on bank* of rirer 
at Upton-on-SeTcm, in July. BembidiMm aduttum, Schaum, was oitremely plenti- 
ful on tbe asms date.— J. B. iTt B, ToHLiv, Cheater : Avgait, 1905. 

Mgelophila oribrtlla on the KmlUh Sag, ntar Atlfbrd.—I hare always 
associated this insect with the Thames littoral, and records of its occurrence slss- 
where leem Tery few. 

The captDre of a specimen in Jnly, 1904, on Hothfleld Common, some three 
miles to the west of this town, came as a surprise to me, and set me hunting for the 
larra this lut spring, when it was not only found there, but in sereral plaoet to tbe 
east and sooth of the town — indeed, in almost any waste place on drift sand where 
tbe common spear thistles, OniaUM laniaolatut, were left undisturbed {O»opardo» 
aaanthium, which is said to be its usual food plant does not seem to ooeur here). 
The ftirthsst locality to the weat yet examined was near Zienham, about eleren 
miles off, where it oocarred (lesly, lo that one cannot help thinking it might be 
found in similar place* fnrther np the county, or even int« Surrey. The poblication 
of this not« may lead to it* tnming up in other inland districts where it may be •• 

• This Insect was found in the olil hales of Lyel-M ca 
ntsranoe to Ur. ChamptoD's note on my oiptunj of Tin 
vol zuTii, p. 300). 

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236 [Ortotar. 

little aipMtrd m it «■■ in thi> neigfaboarhiMd.— W. B. Jtmir, Aahrord: 
Sepltmhtr IIM, 19(>6. 

[M. eriirtlla is now known to oorur in mtuij inland ionlitie*. Barrett giiei 
elsTen eountie* for ita diitribution in Britain, lii of whicli are inland.— O. T. P.] 

Loji\o*ia fateiata, Mg.. in tit Ntie Fbrttl, — On Julj SGtb 1 again took in nj 
garden at Ljndimnt a tpevimen of Ihia rare Dipteron, which I hare not aeen linee 
taking tlie three eianipiea recorded in rol. iiirii, pagp 812, of Ihii HagBaioe. — 
F. C. ASAHB. 60, Athlej Gtardene, S.W. : September, l9uS. 

Atmidamrt o/ Lomila eiridiuimny icr.., at Zi«/.— During the lait fortnight in 
Augnal thie j«ar [ nol.imd a great abundance of the 6iie grewhopper, lAtetttla viridit- 
tima at Deal. On the rank rpgetaliongrowingon both sidaof the well known broad 
ditrh on the laiidhills, nearly oppoaile the coutguard etalion, it waa eepeoallj 
plentiful, And almost ererr night, probablj a hundred ipecimene might eaiilj hare 
been picked off the thiatlee end other regelation. In the day-time thej were modi 
more dilBenlt. I^o ref, ■■ they iituall; dropped to the bottom of the thick herbage on 
the leait alann. but with the aid of a lamp et night could be picked off irithont 
anj trouble. Near the ditch, (on, the loral Xiphidimm doriaU oeeurred.and on the 
drier parte of the undhille Slenobothrtu ilegani wai plentiful. 

In Folkeelone Warren Slnohot)tmt lintalut and OompioetrMt mjtpa* wen 
t«ken, but were not obierred elsewhere. In the Warren, too, PlatgeUU gritea was 
fairly common, but I saw nothing of Thannolrizoii citrta, which in ISB8 I found 
of frequent occorrence there. Tlio larious common Bpedei of Sttwahotkrmt were n 
ulual abundant all orer the district.— Q 10. T. Pobbitt, Gdgerton, Hudderafield : 
ir7(*, 1906. 

Nolt o» tie Btttroptarout genu Ealoba, Wmtmiod. — The gonoi Salota, 
Weatwood, type E. pallida, Weatw. (Theuorui Bntomologicus Oioniensia, p. 191, 
t. 86. flgg. 4, 4a, i {1874)] ^ PkgllatimgiM, Walker, type P. arida. Walk. [Cat. 
Stnipl.-Btleropl. rii, p. 8 (1B73)], waa omitted from Saadder's " Nomonclator," 
and in the " Index Zoologicua," publiihed by the Zoological Society of Londm 
(1902>, it waa incorrectly ascribed U> Uhler, on the authority of Bargrolb. 
Lethierry and Sererin, too, omitted the reference to Weatwood in their Oatalogns 
(1896), also ascribing it to Uhler, who simply used ihe usme StiUAa pallida in hit 
contribution to Eingsley'a '' Standard Natural History." The same mistake «s* 
made by myself in the " Biologia Centrali- Americana," Rhynohota, ii, p. 68 (1896). 
fallowing Lelhierry and Seterin. As the name Buloba must be dropped aa a 
aynonym of Pkfllotingit ((he descriptions of Walker and Weatwood baring been 
made from the same insect from Ega in the British Museum), and the apaciea itself 
haring been prerioualy named by Haglund, it is perhaps hardly nnnnaiaij to call 
attention to the matter. I only note it to ahow how easily a generic description 
may be orerlooked, eren when acoompaniad by eioellent figarea, and published in a 
well known work.— G-. C. CaiMtias, Honell, Woking : SeptmAar 14U, 1006. 

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DM TtifToitOLOOiHTiB. W. JuBK, Berlin, 1906. 

This ugefdl publiofttion eontuns the tddrMiea of aboat nine thonund entomO' 
logiiti, arranged under their differant oountriee, »nd in raort eaeee the partfoulwf 
bmnoh of entonwlogy in which indiriduftls >re intereated i* mentioned ; the book ii 
well and cle&Hj printed, and erideatlj great p«tni hare been taken to aecure iti 
•MUTBcj ; there ia alao a complete index t the aiie ia large Bro, and the -work, with 
the index, occupiea about 800 pagea. Q^rman; oomea Br«t in point at nambera 
with 1219 enlomologiata, the United States nait with 1323, and Great Britain Dflit 
with 1252 i and ao theae three counlriea contain aboat a< manj aa the whole of the 
reet of the world put together. 

8inoe receiving the book we have found it of ooniiderable nae, and we elrongly 
recommend It to all who are wcrkini; at foreign insecte, ae the; oan eee at a glance 
the workera at their particular subject in an j country. The price ta fire franoe, and 
it ia well worth the money. 


W, Johnton. — It ii with much regret that I hare to announce the death in hia 
90th year of my Tenerable and ralued friend Mr. W. Johnson, who paaaed away on 
Augnat 6th at his residence at Wigan. 

About flfly or siitj yaara ago there eiiated in Lanoashira and Cfaeahire a well 
known and enthuaiaatia band of Entomologista, among whom were W. Johnion, 
Nicholas and Benjamin Cooke, 0. S. Oregaon, N. Qreening, 3. B. Hodgkinaon, &e. 
Hr. Johnaon was one of the eleieo who met at my hoaae on February 24th, 1877, 
when the Lancashire and Cheshire Kntomotogical Society waa founded. He alwaya 
took a deep intereat in the Society, and waa a regular attendant at the meetings ) 
and on hia remoTal to Wigan in 1S99 he waa appointed an Honorary Member. 
Ur. Johnson waa thorough in ererything he undertook. I beliere he waa for thirty 
yesrt in the engineering department of the Ueraey Docks and Harbour Board, and 
■inoe hia retirement hia serTicea hare been recognised by a penaion. Mr. Johnson 
leaTea behind him a collection of LtpUoplera, which ia now for tale. Among a 
number of inlereeting apeoimena is one of Sromtae oealUa, which is one of the 
three recorded by Mr. C. 0. Barrett, aa captured near Lirerpool, and I belioTc was 
taken by himself. —Sahubl J. Capfbb. 

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Thb South Lokvom Ektomolooical amp Nxtobal Hibtobt Sooibtt : 
7%»Tniaf, July isa, igos.— Hr. ITcan MliH, B.Sc., PrMident, in tbe Ohiir. 

Mr. Joy exhibited Urrm of Tieela rnbi Teeding on the berries of bncWhom. 
He had alio Tound tham feeding on the budi of bnmble and dogwood. Tliey mmde 
hole* to ettract the oontenU. Hr. atonell. an Jbrax<u tgltata (mlmata) taken 
raoently in the Clapham Road. Ur. Sioh. the oti of CoUoplwra gn/pUpemteUa on 
a nwe leaf. It wai an upright egg. and abundantly supplied with gnm. Hr. Main, 
liTing larTK of Papilio mavkaoii at different age*t and alio an old item of an 
OinbelUfer, containing oslU of a ipeeiM of " nrpenter bee." Mr. Step diitribal«d 
eopiet of the photograph of Ihe member* who attended the Field Ueeting at Seal 
Chart on Hay 3?th. 

July nth, 1906.— The Freaident in the Chair. 

Mr. CaiT exhibited the tarra of Epioiu advtiiaria from Seal. Ur. Stonell 
a putty coloured larra of OdoMtopara hidetlala from Yorkihire i and reported UuU 
he had taken a fair number of Catobia ru/a at WoroeiEer Park. Ur. Ifain, 
a photograph of a woodcoek't neit, taken in the New Forest ; and also a plioto- 
graph of a oolony of the lart* of Snyonia polychlorot in the New Forcrt, from 
which he had already bred more thau sixty imagines. Ur. Noad Clark, pha[4>- 
graphs of (I) tlte ova Co^^iioro grgpMpe»<ulla on learei of rose, (2) a muoh- 
mogniSed photograph of the micropyle of the same, and (3) the ova of Mgtria 
ckrytidifomii. Hr. Sich said that the larra of C. grgphipaantlla was at fint 
a true miner, boring direct from the base of the o*um into the leaf 

Ja^wt KHh, 1905. Ihe President in the Chair. 

Hr. Hain exhibited the larin of Sadima conUgua, from ora laid by a New 
Forest ?. The oolour TBriatJon was extreme. Ur. Sicb, liring larrD of (I) Si- 
toaiadtt lagat, and (2) SgrichlTiKt malva, both feeding well on garden stiswbeny. 
They fed at night and retired in the day time into " tents " of leares loosely spun 
together. Tlie former hibernated es a larra, the latter as ■ pupa. Ur. West 
(Oreenwioh), two rery local species of Semipttra taken at Yarmouth in July; 
Onatkoconm pleipn at roots of Tioleta, and Ckoroionia tokiUixgi on Harram grass. 
Ur. Tamer, (1) a species of (Edipoda which was rory common at Qatamie in ths 
Hautes Pyren^ and (2) a liring speoimon of Locaula viridittima taken by him at 
the sania place. A discussion took place as to the habits of the latter species, and 
it was considered to be camirorous rather than Tegclarian in it* diet. &lr. B. Adkiu 
read a short note from Hr. Eirkaldy on " The Entomology of the Lowlands of 
Oahu (Hawaiian Islands)."— Ut. J. TvbmBB, ffoa. Secretarg. 

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During the past few months I bare made a detailed study of the 
genua Hydrotaa, wUb the double object of ascertaJuin^ what specieB 
undoubtedly occur in our islanilB, and of writing full and original 
deecriptioiiB of such species, paying especial attention to tbe chstotaiy 
of tbe l^s, a subject wbicb bas bitherto been mucb neglected, tm- 
pecially as regards tbe female sex. At tbe outset I made an appeal 
in this and otber journals for the loan of material, and was favoured 
with a most generous response, receiving many buBdreds of specimeni, 
moat of them in beautiful coodttton. I bad thus the advantage of 
examining an unusually complete representation of tbe genus, and have 
accordingly prepared a detailed account of our native species, with 
drawings of the legs in nearly every case. As the length of such a 
paper, however, woold preclude its publication in a monthly magazine, 
I have deemed it advisable to publish without further delay a short 
preliminary account of the genus, limiting myself to tbe etumtial 
characters only of each species, and reserving the foller details for 
eome later publication, which may possibly take book form. 

Throughout the work I have been largely dependent upon the 
very valuable Monograph published by Herr P. Stein in 1903, entitled 
" Die europ&iscben Arten der Oattung Hydrottaa, Uob.-Desv." (Ter- 
bandl. der k. k. zool.-bot. Qes. Wien, 1903, pp. 286-337), and although 
all the descriptions I have written (with the exception of the females 
of three species) are original and drawn up from apecimens actually 
examined by me, yet in tbe construction of the keys and in the identic 
ficatioD of doubtful Bpecimens I have derived invaluable hints from 
Herr Stein's paper. At the same time I have described tbe females 
of three species which were previonsly unknown, while that of one 
species (JS*. einerea, Dav.) has yet to be discovered. 

Id the description of the leg-bristles I have followed the system 
introduced by me in the present Magazine (I90S, pp. 17!^176), and 
have paid more atteution to such bristles than perhaps other writers, 
believing as I do that fairly easy and reliable characters can be 
founded npon them, especially in the case of the female sex, where 
jdcutiScation in tbe AnthmMfiidtB is usually a matter of some difficulty. 

It DOW remains for me to express my great indebtedness to the 
gentlemeo who have favoured me with tbe loan of specimens. Mr. 
E. E, Austen, of the British Museum, very kindly entrusted me with 
the examination of the specimens under his charge ; the Bev. £. N. 

240 [OoWwr, 

Bloomfield, Meaaru. A. E. J. Carter, C. W. Bale, Wm. Evaas, J. Gordon, 
J. Henderson, J. J. F. X. King, and E. E. Lowe, sent me the whole of 
the examplea in their collections ; Profeaeor L. 0. Miall, of Leeds Uni- 
versity, allowed me the use of a fine set of specimenB from the late 
Dr. K. U. Meade's collection ; Mr. Claude Morlej eubmitted a cod- 
siderable number of apecimene from tbe Ipswich district ; Dr. R. F. 
Scharff sent a very interesting collection of Irish specimens, mostly 
collected and identified by Haliday ; Dr. David Sharp contributed all 
tbe material in the Cambridge Museum collection ; Mr. G. H. Terrall 
moat generoualy lent me a complete and splendid serieB from hia own 
unrivalled collection ; Mr. James Walerston lent me many useful 
Scottish examples; Dr. J. Wood, of Tarrington, sent a splendid set 
of beautifully mounted specimena, chiefly from Herefordshire; and 
lastly, Col. Terbury allowed me the use of all tbe material io bis 
possession. To all these gentlemen I now tender my heartiest thanks 
"Without their most generous aid tbe fallowing account could cer- 
tainly not have been written. 

The genus Bydrofaa, in the male sex, is sharply differentiated 
from tbe rest of the AnihomyitdiB by tbe presence of peculiar teeth 
on the ventral side of tbe front femora, and for tbe purpose of identi- 
fication this character alone is quite sufficient. The female sex, on 
the other baud, is not so easy to distinguish, but thu combination of 
all tbe following characters will readily remove any doubt : — Oalj/ptra 
large, the under teaJe projecting cotuiderablg heyond ike upper, wingt 
with the 6th longitudinal vein rather long, but ceating at a eontiderable 
diitancefrom the margin,fron» always with a pair of deeueiaiing brUilei, 
thorax with four poit-tutural dorgo-central briitlet, and two HemopUural 
briitlet, one of which it at the upper anterior angle and the other at the 
t^er posterior angle, in the majority of tpeciet the front tihiar art 
without brittle!, and lastly, the abdomen it usually unicolorout or 
without dortal stripe, never spotted. 

Thus tbe females of Hydrotaa may be distinguished from other 
Anfhomyiidis by a variety of characters, most of which are found 
singly in other genera. Only in Ophyra, as Stein points out, are the 
whole of these found in combination as in Hydrottea. It may be 
helpful to emphasize these characters in another way, thus : the genera 
of tbe Mydaa group, e. g., Byefodetia, Mydaa, Spilogaster, Ax., only 
rarely possess decussating bristles, and on the other band always 
possess from 3-6 sterno- pleural bristles: those of tbe Anthomyia 
group have only three post-sutural t'orso-central bristles, while tbe 
6th longitudinal vein always reaches the margin of the wing ; Soma' 

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!«»-] 241 

lomyia aad its allies have the 7tb or axillary vein curved in a peculiar 
manner round the end o£ the 6th, white here again and in the remain- 
ing proup {Oanoiia and its allies) there are only three post-sutural 
dorso- central bristles. 

The species knowo to ORcur in Britain may be identified by means 
of the following keys — 


1, Hind femora with s lingle at doubli ventral ipine t 

□ind feinora without ventral apine 5 

2. Spins of hind femora nenr twee 2. ocamUa, Ug. 

Spine of hind femon at or a litUebajond middle 8 

8. B7eB tbicklj haired 1. eUiata, Fab. 

Byes bare i 

i. Spine of bind famora lingle 8. armipct. Fin. 

Spine of hind feoiora dcubie 9. aHipnuela, Ztt. 

5. Abdomen yellow and translucent on at leut the two basal legmente... 

16. eurvipei. Fin. 
Abdomen nowhere yellow 6 

6. Wings with a patch of niioroscopie hairt at end of dieoal cell... 

10. tnilUarfi, tig. 
Winga without such patoh 7 

7. Basal joint of middle tani with a cashion of short, stiff bristtea... 

16. irritaiu, Fin. 
Basal joint of middle tarsi simple 8 

8. Middle tibiEB with 1-E anterior bristles 9 

Middle tibis withoat anterior brisllea 11 

9. Small speiMes (3^—4 mm.) 18. porta, Heade. 

Larger spetdee (6 — 8 mm.) 10 

10. Ejei almost touching ; hind libiee with a median postero-ventral toft of fine 

hairs 7. pUip**, Stein. 

Bye* distinctlj separated ; hind tibiie without such tuft... 

6. palsttriea, Mg. 

11. Small apecles (3—8j mm.) ; abdomen shining black, and at least the two apical 

segments without trace of tomentum 17. gtabricula. Fin. 

Larger species (5—9 mm.) ; abdomen always more or less covered with to- 
mentum la 

12. Byes thickly haired 3. cyrfoaearuta, Ztt. 

Bye* bare 13 

13. Middle tibin with regular fringes of Bite bain on anterior and posterior surface*. .. 

11. iiib»reulata, Bond. 
Middle tibia without such fringes 14 

14. Hind tibite with 6— IS antero-ventral bristles 5. fini^M, Meade. 

Hind tibiiB with 2 — 3 antero-ventral bristles 1. dtatipei, Pab. 

Hind tibice with only 1 antero-ventral brietle IS 

IG. Teeth on front femora inconspicuous and blunt 12. MfN^ian, Ds*. 

Teeth on front femora long and very acute 16 

10. Thorai entirely black ) abdomen dark, with the dorsal stripo very indiatinct... 

13. Mtttoriea, L. 
Tbonu, when viewed from behind, with it* posterior third distinctly cineieons i 
abdomen light cinereous ; with the doreal stripe sharply defined ... 

11. etaarM, Dir. 

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242 toct*-. 


1. Abdomen with sidct of two or three boMl legmenta ;elbw,.. 

16. curtiptt, EId. 
Abdomen nowhere yellow * 

2. Head of hfclterea yellow 3 

Head of halterea black or daric brown " 

3. Thorax and abdomen shining blue-black ( front tibi* with » poetrro-reiitral 

bristle at one-third from apet 1. cHtnia, Fab. 

Thorax and abdomen yellowiab-grey or bro«ni»h-grej ; front tibio without 
poatero-rentnl bri»Ue - * 

4. Ariata diitinctly pubeacent < poit«rior tranareree rein nearly atraight, more 

than ita own length from the middle tranarerae rein ... 16. irrilaaj. Fin. 
Ariata practically bare ; poaterior trantrerse vein itrongly fle(»d, not more thaa 

ite own length from the middle tranirerte vein 9. aUipHnela, Ztt. 

6. Middle Ubin with an anterior briitie 6 

Middle tibis without anterior briatle 11 

6. Middle tibue with a renlra] briitle 10. milUaru,Ug. 

Middle tibiae without rentral brietia t 

7. Front tibi» with a median dowal briitie 8 

Front Libia without median donal briatle 10 

5. Thorax yellowiah-grey, with a more or teaa diatinct central atripe... 

6. palteitriea, Ug. 
Thorax blaokieh, with slight gnj tomentum and fonr (two broad outer and two 

narrow inner) nther indittinct itripei 9 

S. Hind tibite with two, nrely three, antero-ientral brietlea ; ealyptra whitiah... 

4. daUiptt, Fab. 

Hind tibin with four to eii antero-rentral briatle* i calyptim more or Iom tinged 

with yellow G. (mwUu, Heads. 

10. Siie larger (R mm.) t oalyptra etrongly tinged with yellow ... 7. pilipei. Stein. 
Size (mailer (3—4 mm.); calyptnt without liaee of yellow.. . 18. jiarea, Meade. 

11. Abdomen ehiniog black or blue-black, with acorcely a ti*oe of tomentum ... \i 
Abdomen more or leea covered with grey tomentum IS 

12. From all shining black ; siie smaller (B mm.) V]. glabriemla.'Ein. 

Frons dull black, with a little grey tomentum { sice laiger (4—6 mm.).., 

11. tmhervmlata. Bond. 

15. Ocellar triangle black and coDspicuouslj polished 2. oocaUa, Hg. 

Oeellar triangle dull greyish, or at any rate nerer mnspionouily poliihod ... 14 

14. Hind tibin with four to file anlero-rentral bristlas 3. (^rtoaewiira, Ztt. 

Hind tibin with at moat two antero-rentral bristles IS 

IG. Thorax shining bUck, with very little tomentum ; site laigar (6—7 mm.).,. 

12. vlitlina, DsT. 

Thorax tbiokly corered with grey tomentum t aiie amallrr (G— 6| mm.) ... 16 

16. Arista distinctly pubsscent g hind tibia with three briatlaa aboat the middle... 

Ariata quite bare i hind tibis with only two bristlM about the middle... 

8. armipet. Fin. 

* Aatlwr«Ditle of H.eiiutai, Dst., ta not tnowii to ettbur Bon-Slein or mTSfU, 1 ban Dot 
m Bibto to llMlud* tliia apedH In Uie preemt key. 

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i««-1 248 

1. -H. DiLUTA, Fsb. Malt: Egat dautalj/ \airg i sriate diatinoUj pnbMoent 
OD busi half or two-third*. Tkoraa ikiiiing blaek with a slight stMi; tinge) 
thouldm when seen from brbiiid conapicuouily lUttrjfvkUe. Abdomen ihining 
blue-black with three interrupted tranevene bands of whitish tomeDtum. Front 
tibiio with a potero-Tentral bristle at one-third from apei ; middltftmora milk a 
pair of verif characleriitie eureed aad upaardlg dirtcttd apical dortal trittlM, 
which are nearly half the length of the tibia and closely united with one anoUter 
except for a short distance at their base ; hind tibin with a ventral toft of flne hair* 
at the middle, which ran out, but gradually diminish in length, to the apex. Ca- 
Ijptra conspicuous, whitish i halteres brownish -yellow. Size, 7 — 8 mm. 

FtmaU .- Eyes practically bare ; frons one-third of width of head, deep black, 
orbits slightly shining abore, highly polished npar antennn, ocellar triangle large 
and highly polished. Thorax blat-blofk, ihinifff i thoiilder$, and an indication of 
a central stripe in front, ^!it<saii^ lahile. Abdomen blue-black, shining and uni- 
colorous, with a slight dusting on last segment. Froul libia uith a tmall iul 
dittiimt median potiaro-venlral britlU i middle femora with adecided bend upwards 
iu apioal third ; hind tibin with one dorsal, two antero-dorsal, and three to four 
anlero-Tcntral bristles in apical half. 

Tbe female of this Hpecies may be distiDguiebed from that of 
Ophyra leucottoma, Wied., which it much reaemblea, by its much 
broader frone, its glistening white shoulders, its much more silvery 
cheeks, saA the tomeDtum on the last abdominal segment. 

Apparently common and widely distributed, I have seen speci- 
mens from many localities, ranging from Devonshire and the New 
Forest north to Arran and Edinburgh, also iu Ireland. Mr. Terroll 
reports it also from Cornwall, Suasox, and Aberdeen. The dates 
range from June 4ith to October Sth. 

8.— H. OOOVLTA, Mg. Malei Ej/ei thickly hairtd i arista slightly pubewent 
in basal half. Thorax dull black, when seen from tiehind with a rery alight greyish 
lomentum, which learee three broad but rery indistinct black atripee ; ahouldera 
cinereous. Jbdoaien blviih-eiHtrtoui, milh a ditlinet almott coiUimiinu dortal ifripa 
and the basal half of 1st segment black ; a tranarerse brownish band at baaes of 
3rd and 4tb segments. Bind/mora nith a itiong ventral tpint ntar batt ; hind 
litia with a complete antero-dorsal row of long, Sne hairs, which gradually diminish 
in length as Ihey approach the apei, a similar row on the apical half of anterior sur- 
face, and a iharplf dijlaed tuft on ventral turface at abo»t one-third front apex. 
Wings brownish -hyaline, haltores blaokiah-brown. Siie, 4| — Si mm. 

Female : Eyes with a few short scattered haira ; frons dull deep black j ooellar 
triangle ilaek and highly politied. Thorax black, slightly shining and with a 
slight greyish tomentum ; ihmildert cinereoHi. Abdomen pointed at apex, black 
and slightly shining, with a slight greyiah tomentum, which is thicker on the last 
aegment. Front tibia bare, eicept for the usual aubapical dorsal bnstle. Sind 
tiiiK with fina (rarelg three) darial brittUe, vie., a email one near apax, a large one 
at one-third from apex, and tomettmet a email one near middle, one anterior port- 
median brietU, and tico to three antero-ventral onei ta apical half. 

241 [Oatobv, IML 

A common Bpecies. I faave seen over thirty specimeui, and h&ve 
records which extend from the extreme south of England to Gairloch, 
Aherdeen and Go1)i|jie in the north. The dates range from April 20tfa 
to October I7th. The male is easily recognised, but the female ia 
more difficult to identify. If careful attention be paid, however, to 
the characters giren in the key and those id ilalicn in the preceding 
paragraph, the latter sex may be identiBeH with tolerable certainty. 

3.— H. OTBTOHBCrRIHl,' ZH. (nitieala, hw.). MaU : Sga IkU-klg kairad 
oforv, ariita fhortly pubescent ill bual halt Thorax dtep i/acit, ilightlj ihining, 
ihouldera ihining black. Ahdaatan hlaek ailh a flight Blioe-gTtmitk ti»gs, thicilj 
coTered with grey tomontum, which i> much deniBr at the lideB, giving an almast 
teuellatcd appearance, and leaiing a tamaahat induUHct dortal tlripe. SinJ 
tibUi with two dortal brittlf in apical half, a complete bat irregular ram of amt*ro- 
dortal briillM, a regular aeriei of about >u anltro-Btnlral britllM, and a» imgnUr 
itrif of nund brulln and hairi i» th« middle nf th« poilero-vtntral mirfaee. Wimgt 
itronglg tingtd K'H broKit t caljpira etrongij tinged with orange. Siie, 7 — B mnt. 

Ftmalt ! Unknown (o me. The following partieulan are hikon from 8t«in'* 
deicriptian ; Kjes on\j ihortlj and eparingl; hair;, lo that this aei ia difBeolt 
to diatingniih from the female of dent'pat, which it much reaemblei. Tkoraa 
datUd mitlt greg, whan Men from behind with a rather broad but indUtinel 
niddls etrtpe. Btemopleural briitlea, one anterior and one poaterfor, under 
the latter nertr a leeond ihorltr one (which i> alwayg ths ease in dtatipm). 
Abdomen with slight tesaeUation and a tnwe of a doraal line. Middle tibite witkott 
anUrior brittle ; moatlj with three poiterior briatlea. Hind tibim laili one dortal, 
two or norv aatero-dortal, aad/our lo five equally long anltro-vextral britllat. 

A rare species, and poasibiy confiDed to the south of England. 
I have only seen five British examples, all maios, viz. : two from Ivy* 
bridge (12.6.83) and one from Lynton (19.6.88), Devonshire, in 
Terrall's Collection, one from Ivybridge in the Brit. Mus Collection, 
obtained by Col. Terbury (1.S.93), and one from Felden, Herts 
(13 10.97), captured by A. Piffard, and also in the Brit. Mus. Collec- 
tion. Meade refer? (Eut. Mo. Mag,, xviii, p. 123) to a apecimoQ 
taken by C. W. Dale at Glanvilles Wootton. 

i.— H. DIHTIPU, Fab. Male: Egat httn, teparafed by a narrow deep black 
tpaee; ariita diitinctt; thickened and pubescent at base. 29orav tUaimg ilaele, 
with a <cerg tl^ht gregieh tomettitm, which leaves /oar rather iiiditl«tct longittuUnal 
tlocit tfripit, vit., two narrow inner ones and two broad outer ones, shoulders dis- 
tinctly einareoui. Abdomen gregitk-oline, covered with grey tomentum, which ii 
patchy and much denser at the gides. giving a alightlj tessellated appearance, base 
of lit segment black, from which proceada a ileader dortal ilaai ttripe, which ti 
continued quite to the tip of the abdomen. Fro»l iiftwe with two dortal brietlae, 
one near the apex and a smaller one about the middle. Middle tibia witk the 
amlerior tmrfaee Jkrmitked with a rtfftUar oiad eharaelerietie Jfritge of tiMg hatre. 

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A very Urgt itoeJc of Exotic Lepidopttra, Oolmmtera and otier int&retting 

inteeU alvaya aeailabla. 

Pareeh tent on approval. Litti Tree. Oorretpondoneo invited.- 

Tbe foUoi* log tots of named 4iid set Lepidoptera in Ane oonditioQ 

are offered at specially low rates, post free :— 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 apeoiea, S. America 86/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 8fi/- 

100 do. do. do. India, toe ^ 26/- 

60 do. do. 30 speoies, America .* 16/- 

60 do. do. lio. India, be 10/- 

Chup Iota of IdbbcU, both set uid id papers, of all Qri»n, aro aonataatl; on hand. 
Lists may b« bod on sppliMtioa, 

HI kind! of Bntomolo^oal AppanUui kept In ttock. Lists Free. 


The PrMcMeal Hctentlfle Cwblaet nnkera. 


(Batablisbsd 1B47), 

gitalters of (terg iescrtption anb ^ije of CalrinetB, Ofases, JJtote 
iojEts, Spparatits, an& Spylmntes, 

And Daal«ra in all kinds of Upeoimana for Entomolosiata, Botaniata, 

Omltholositts. Oeoloolsts, Mineralogists, Somismatiata, OfmohotosUts, fto., 

and for Ihs nas ol Iisatoiora, Soleiuia Teaohara. Collegea, Btiideiita,Ao. 


Spaolally made Cabinet for Birds' Kggs and Bldna. The Drawora 

gradaate in depth, and are all tnltrchoMgeablt. 

C4r ^11 Qoods at StoTt Priest. Qreat advantaget in dealing dinct with lh4 Makeri, 
Send for Full DBUllsd Pri« Ust belon oidaring sliawhen. 

FactsrlsB— 34, KIDmS £OUSS 8TEE&T mi OSLE SIKEET, V. 



J. alliBBBT SAKBB, r.B.8., F.Ii.a. O&O. T. FOBBITT, F.I1.S., r.O.B. 
T- H. NSIiBON, MS.O.U. VTUjlJ^tl. WfllBT, V.Z,.S. 

Thit Jovmal u ofie of the otdett SdenU/it reriodicali in tht BritUh iiUi, dalMg 
bade to ldSS,anditciri»laladwidAiam<mgstthtprMeipalNatitraliaUii/tb4covntry. 
LoMDONt A. Bbown iKD BoMs, 6, riBUManoH Atihuk, E.g. 

mnal Subscription, 6a. 6d,, post free j through Booksellers, 6s. I 

- -He 

'. jGcioj^le 


TITESDAT AND WBDNB3DAT, NOTBUBER SSth imo 2&th, it 1 o'cloce. 
TlfR. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his Booms, 88, King Street, 

CavenC Oardon, London, W.C., the fldtil portion of tho aarifalled CoUeotioD 
of BritUh Lepidoptera focmad bj the Into Philip B. Mamn, Esq.. M.R.C.5., 
r.O.S., F.Z.S., F.B.^., &o., of Trent Honse, llartoii-on-TreDt, oamprintiK the 
Uioro- Lepidoptera. and inaladin^ fine and long aeriea of nio^t of the rare and 
local gpeoies and rarietiea in tbe beet state of prenerration. (OBfetber with tbe Sret 
rate Cabinets in wbieh thaj are oontainsd ; also the eitenaire doplieaEA OoUeotion 
of Haoros and Uioros, oomprUing many thoDsands of ■peoimeiu. 

On view day prior, and Homings of Sale- Cfttalt^iiei ready a week prior to 
Sale, po«t free on applioation. 

N.B. — The nhole oontenta of the Maaauni, ouDeistinit of Tnloable and ezten- 
•iTB Collaationa of British Coleoptera. Hynienopcera, Kbynohoca, Diptera, aud other 
loaaota, Birds, Birds' Eggg. Sheila, Dried Plants, Liohens, Fnngi, Bryoxoa, Otaas 
Uodela of Marine Animals, &e., for Sale by PriTaCe Treaty, and to be aeen at Trent 
HoDse, Barton-OD-Trent, apoa applioation to Mm, Hmox, care of O. E. Jahbon 
ud Son, Nataral History Agents, 41, Great Rngaell Street, London, W.O. 

WATKtHS & DOHCASTEB, Satmalists, 

Keep instoolc all Artiolas for Entomologists, OrniCholDgisCs, Botanista, kc. : DmbrelU 
Nat, 7/-; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Nat, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Fooket 
Boiea, 6d., 9d., 1/., 1/6 ; Store Boits. with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-. 6/- ; Zino 
Pocket Boies, 96., 1/-, 1/6, 2/. Setting Boards, from Sd. to 1/10) Complete set 
of U boards, lO/K; Breeding Cngaa, 2(6, -,716; Sugaring Tins. 1/6,2/-; Sogar- 
ing Miiinre, ready for nse, 1/9 per tin j Setting Honses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. j ZinO Killing Boios, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera ColleotingBottlaa, 1/6, 1/B; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes {very 
nseful fbr Coleopterista, MiorosoopistB, ic.), 4/6 ; Brasa Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Improved Fooket Fapa-digger in leather sheatb (strongly recommended), 1/9; ^te«4 

Forceps, 1/e, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, fhim 1/- to S/-. 
Taiidermists' Companion, containing most neoessary implements for skinning, 10/6- 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3; Fine Painted Soissora, 2/- per pair; Brsaa Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., Sd. ; ditto, best qaality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vasoa- 
Inm, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Maoro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6 ; List of British Lepidoptera (erery species namberad), 1/- 1 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

TEE WAND lEIiBSCOPB N£I, an iaaova.tioa is Butterfly NetE. 

We beg to call year atteoldoa to oar New Telescope Sandla for Bntterfly Nets. It 

is made entirely in brass, aud is light and straug. and moreorer, it can be shat up 

to carry id smalt oompsss. A Tery oompaot pattern, effecting great aariog of 

weight and balk. 

PBICB8--vitht*ojoiiitB,8/6; with tiim Joints, 0/6 ; with foni Joints. 10/6. 

Complete with Improred Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

^ large stock of Srttisb, Suropean, and SxoHc Eiepidoptera, 
goleoptera, and Birds' figgs. 




36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors ftom Charing Cross, 

Xi'O N- D O N. 

Binla Mti Vonmob, j'c, Pmtrttd ^ Unutttd bylUnUcta*! tn>rhm*». 

Oar Haw PiIm LUt (96 pp.) lokt poatlfrM to w addwM oa appUoktloD 


Ent. MontMr/ Mag. 1905. Hate 1. 

WeEL,Ne»maD jilh. 



Ent. Ho. Mao,, 1905.— Plate II. 




Est. Mo. Mia., 1905.— PtATE II. 




Ent. Mo. Mao., 1905.— Plate III. 


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Ent. Mo. Mag. 1905. Pl. IV. 

)^^^^ ^^^' ^^^MP ^^^^ 
^i^F ^^^ ^^Pr ^^^P^ 

^^^P ^y|j|K'° IkMi^tf^ ^^^^0 

iippi ^fV w^fSf ^^^ 

^^g.'' ^11^ ^^^ '^^^ 
•^«' ^|lr ^^|p '^^ 

^^^ ^l^lF ^^^ ^^^ 

^^» w^P^ ^BPS HpF 
«^ «^^ 1^1^' m^ 


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Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate VI. 


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Emt. Mo. Mao;, 1805.— Plate VII. 




Ent. Mo. Mao., 190S.— Plate VIII. 


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